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Lithium batteries for electric road vehicle applications

Abstract

Lithium is one of the most promising negative electrode materials to be used for the manufacturing of batteries. It is the most electronegative material in the table of standard potentials and its low weight will facilitate a high gravimetric coulombic density. Theoretically, as high values as 6 kWh/kg could be reached for lithium based batteries. The aim of this study has been to make an inventory of what is internationally known about lithium batteries suitable for electric vehicle applications. It is representative for the development status by the summer of 1995. Both high and ambient temperature lithium batteries are described in the study even if the analysis is concentrated on the latter. Ambient temperature systems has gathered the major interest, especially from manufacturers in the `3Cs` market segment (Consumer electronics, Communications and Computers). There is no doubt, a bright future for lithium rechargeable batteries. Depending on the ambition of a national research programme, one can await the ongoing development of batteries for the 3Cs market segment or take the lead in a near-term or advanced system R and D for EV batteries. In the zero ambition EV battery programme, we recommend allocation of funds to follow the development within the  More>>
Authors:
Andersson, Bo; Hallgren, B; Johansson, Arne; Selaanger, P [1] 
  1. Catella Generics, Kista (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
NUTEK-R-95-45
Reference Number:
SCA: 330300; 330400; 250900; PA: SWD-96:007675; EDB-96:165669; NTS-97:003568; SN: 96001691687
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1995
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; LITHIUM; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS
OSTI ID:
392706
Research Organizations:
Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK), Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 1102-2574; Other: ON: DE97711494; TRN: SE9607675
Availability:
OSTI as DE97711494
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
126 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Andersson, Bo, Hallgren, B, Johansson, Arne, and Selaanger, P. Lithium batteries for electric road vehicle applications. Sweden: N. p., 1995. Web.
Andersson, Bo, Hallgren, B, Johansson, Arne, & Selaanger, P. Lithium batteries for electric road vehicle applications. Sweden.
Andersson, Bo, Hallgren, B, Johansson, Arne, and Selaanger, P. 1995. "Lithium batteries for electric road vehicle applications." Sweden.
@misc{etde_392706,
title = {Lithium batteries for electric road vehicle applications}
author = {Andersson, Bo, Hallgren, B, Johansson, Arne, and Selaanger, P}
abstractNote = {Lithium is one of the most promising negative electrode materials to be used for the manufacturing of batteries. It is the most electronegative material in the table of standard potentials and its low weight will facilitate a high gravimetric coulombic density. Theoretically, as high values as 6 kWh/kg could be reached for lithium based batteries. The aim of this study has been to make an inventory of what is internationally known about lithium batteries suitable for electric vehicle applications. It is representative for the development status by the summer of 1995. Both high and ambient temperature lithium batteries are described in the study even if the analysis is concentrated on the latter. Ambient temperature systems has gathered the major interest, especially from manufacturers in the `3Cs` market segment (Consumer electronics, Communications and Computers). There is no doubt, a bright future for lithium rechargeable batteries. Depending on the ambition of a national research programme, one can await the ongoing development of batteries for the 3Cs market segment or take the lead in a near-term or advanced system R and D for EV batteries. In the zero ambition EV battery programme, we recommend allocation of funds to follow the development within the 3Cs sector. The corresponding funding level is 1-2 MSEK/year granted to a stable receiver. In a low ambition EV programme, we recommend to keep a few groups active in the front-line of specific research areas. The purpose is to keep a link for communication open to the surrounding battery world. The cost level is 4-6 MSEK per year continually. In a high ambition programme we recommend the merging of Swedish resources with international EV battery R and D programmes, e.g. the EUCAR project. The research team engaged should be able to contribute to the progress of the overall project. The cost for the high ambition programme is estimated at the level 15-20 MSEK per year continually. 47 refs, 17 figs, 16 tabs}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}