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Logistics systems for recycling - Efficient collection of household waste

Abstract

This dissertation investigates collection and recycling of household waste with focus on packaging materials. The purpose is how to describe and explain the design of a collection system according to different system environments in order to achieve high logistics performance in terms of low cost and high service. The research approach consists of two main parts. First, data on existing systems are collected and analyzed. Then a model is used to analyze cost consequences from changes in the system and the environment. Four main properties of reverse distribution channels were identified including the number of distribution levels and distribution points, whether the system is bring or kerbside, the degree of separation at source and the degree of co-collection. The study further demonstrates that performance can be measured in a number of ways including service toward end-markets and households, costs, environmental consequences and programme ratios. Finally, two main environmental factors identified were population density and the number of materials being collected in the system. The major conclusion from the study is that systems in areas with low population density should collect and recycle few materials that should be separated at the source and then co-collected. Systems in areas with high population  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
CTH-TRANSP-R-29
Reference Number:
SCA: 320604; PA: SWD-96:007549; EDB-96:156565; NTS-97:003371; SN: 96001680245
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Diss. (FD); PBD: 1995
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; MATERIALS RECOVERY; MUNICIPAL WASTES; RECYCLING; HOUSEHOLDS; PACKAGING; RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS; WASTE RETRIEVAL
OSTI ID:
382435
Research Organizations:
Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Transportation and Logistics
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0283-3611; Other: ON: DE97706040; ISBN 91-7197-166-1; TRN: SE9607549
Availability:
OSTI as DE97706040
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
378 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Jahre, M. Logistics systems for recycling - Efficient collection of household waste. Sweden: N. p., 1995. Web.
Jahre, M. Logistics systems for recycling - Efficient collection of household waste. Sweden.
Jahre, M. 1995. "Logistics systems for recycling - Efficient collection of household waste." Sweden.
@misc{etde_382435,
title = {Logistics systems for recycling - Efficient collection of household waste}
author = {Jahre, M}
abstractNote = {This dissertation investigates collection and recycling of household waste with focus on packaging materials. The purpose is how to describe and explain the design of a collection system according to different system environments in order to achieve high logistics performance in terms of low cost and high service. The research approach consists of two main parts. First, data on existing systems are collected and analyzed. Then a model is used to analyze cost consequences from changes in the system and the environment. Four main properties of reverse distribution channels were identified including the number of distribution levels and distribution points, whether the system is bring or kerbside, the degree of separation at source and the degree of co-collection. The study further demonstrates that performance can be measured in a number of ways including service toward end-markets and households, costs, environmental consequences and programme ratios. Finally, two main environmental factors identified were population density and the number of materials being collected in the system. The major conclusion from the study is that systems in areas with low population density should collect and recycle few materials that should be separated at the source and then co-collected. Systems in areas with high population density, on the other hand, may collect many materials, but then centralized separation (i.e. processing in a MRF) should take place. 103 refs, 72 figs, 65 tabs}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}