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Urban form and energy use for transport. A Nordic experience

Abstract

The main research problem addressed in this thesis is the possible influence of several urban form variables on the amount of transportation, on the modal split between different means of transport, and on energy use for transportation. This problem is elucidated through five empirical investigations covering different geographic levels in a Nordic context, from individual employees and households to commuting regions. A main feature of the study is the combination of socioeconomic and urban form variables in empirical investigations, employing techniques of multivariate analysis. The investigations of residential areas and job sites have been based on travel surveys, while the investigations where the units of analysis are towns or regions have been based on fuel sales. The socioeconomic data have been collected from official statistics and from questionnaires. It is found that urban form variables exert important influences on transportation energy use. Urban density affects energy use for transportation. A central location of residences as well as workplaces is favourable with respect to energy conservation on an intra-urban scale, but not in a wider geographical context, where decentralization into several dense, relatively self-contained local communities distributed over the region is the most energy-saving pattern of regional development. Urban form characteristics  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Feb 10, 1995
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
NEI-NO-672
Reference Number:
SCA: 320203; PA: NW-96:005290; EDB-96:150046; NTS-97:003352; SN: 96001673542
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: Reprint of one previously printed paper is attached; TH: Thesis (Dr.Ing.); PBD: 10 Feb 1995
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; TRANSPORT; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; URBAN AREAS; SCANDINAVIA; LAND TRANSPORT; NORWAY; SWEDEN; MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS; COMMUNITIES
OSTI ID:
377653
Research Organizations:
Trondheim Univ. (Norway). Norges Tekniske Hoegskole
Country of Origin:
Norway
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97703294; ISBN 82-7119-763-0; TRN: NO9605290
Availability:
OSTI as DE97703294
Submitting Site:
NW
Size:
348 p.
Announcement Date:
Oct 23, 1996

Citation Formats

Naess, P. Urban form and energy use for transport. A Nordic experience. Norway: N. p., 1995. Web.
Naess, P. Urban form and energy use for transport. A Nordic experience. Norway.
Naess, P. 1995. "Urban form and energy use for transport. A Nordic experience." Norway.
@misc{etde_377653,
title = {Urban form and energy use for transport. A Nordic experience}
author = {Naess, P}
abstractNote = {The main research problem addressed in this thesis is the possible influence of several urban form variables on the amount of transportation, on the modal split between different means of transport, and on energy use for transportation. This problem is elucidated through five empirical investigations covering different geographic levels in a Nordic context, from individual employees and households to commuting regions. A main feature of the study is the combination of socioeconomic and urban form variables in empirical investigations, employing techniques of multivariate analysis. The investigations of residential areas and job sites have been based on travel surveys, while the investigations where the units of analysis are towns or regions have been based on fuel sales. The socioeconomic data have been collected from official statistics and from questionnaires. It is found that urban form variables exert important influences on transportation energy use. Urban density affects energy use for transportation. A central location of residences as well as workplaces is favourable with respect to energy conservation on an intra-urban scale, but not in a wider geographical context, where decentralization into several dense, relatively self-contained local communities distributed over the region is the most energy-saving pattern of regional development. Urban form characteristics favourable for minimizing transport energy requirements also seem favourable for energy conservation in buildings. 160 refs., 39 figs., 46 tabs.}
place = {Norway}
year = {1995}
month = {Feb}
}