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Measurements of the atmospheric concentration of radon in Israel and assessment of its impact on the health of the population

Abstract

We have developed a new method for the examination of the SSNTD foil, which utilizes laser scanning of the foil. The examination consists of examining the scattering pattern of the laser beam in the various regions of the SSNTD foil. This method (patented - US Pat 5,117,120 of 05-26-1992) enables fast and reliable reading of large numbers of SSNTD foils. An apparatus built according to this method was applied to sampling radon measurements conducted in the various regions of Israel, within the framework of the present work. The results of these measurements indicate that the average radon level to which Israel population is exposed is approximately 40 Bq/m3. The resulting equivalent radiation dose was calculated. From that, the health hazard to the population was derived, using the updated risk coefficients, which link radon exposure to increased morbidity and mortality from lung cancer. It was concluded that about 80 cases of death from lung cancer per year, out of an annual total of about 750 in Israel, can be attributed to radon It was also found that the radon level distribution in dwellings in Israel can be described best by the log-normal distribution. The tools developed in this work, combined with  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1993
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
IA-1478
Reference Number:
SCA: 540130; PA: AIX-27:065154; EDB-96:145267; NTS-97:001755; SN: 96001665535
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D).; PBD: Aug 1993
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ISRAEL; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; RADON; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION MONITORING; BACKGROUND RADIATION; DAUGHTER PRODUCTS; EDUCATION; GASES; HEALTH HAZARDS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIUM
OSTI ID:
368936
Research Organizations:
Israel Atomic Energy Commission, Yavne (Israel). Soreq Nuclear Research Center
Country of Origin:
Israel
Language:
Hebrew
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE97600214; TRN: IL9605907065154
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE97600214
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
167 p.
Announcement Date:
Oct 04, 1996

Citation Formats

Margaliot, M. Measurements of the atmospheric concentration of radon in Israel and assessment of its impact on the health of the population. Israel: N. p., 1993. Web.
Margaliot, M. Measurements of the atmospheric concentration of radon in Israel and assessment of its impact on the health of the population. Israel.
Margaliot, M. 1993. "Measurements of the atmospheric concentration of radon in Israel and assessment of its impact on the health of the population." Israel.
@misc{etde_368936,
title = {Measurements of the atmospheric concentration of radon in Israel and assessment of its impact on the health of the population}
author = {Margaliot, M}
abstractNote = {We have developed a new method for the examination of the SSNTD foil, which utilizes laser scanning of the foil. The examination consists of examining the scattering pattern of the laser beam in the various regions of the SSNTD foil. This method (patented - US Pat 5,117,120 of 05-26-1992) enables fast and reliable reading of large numbers of SSNTD foils. An apparatus built according to this method was applied to sampling radon measurements conducted in the various regions of Israel, within the framework of the present work. The results of these measurements indicate that the average radon level to which Israel population is exposed is approximately 40 Bq/m3. The resulting equivalent radiation dose was calculated. From that, the health hazard to the population was derived, using the updated risk coefficients, which link radon exposure to increased morbidity and mortality from lung cancer. It was concluded that about 80 cases of death from lung cancer per year, out of an annual total of about 750 in Israel, can be attributed to radon It was also found that the radon level distribution in dwellings in Israel can be described best by the log-normal distribution. The tools developed in this work, combined with the actual experience with large-scale radon measurements, serve as a basis for a future full-scale radon survey in Israel. (authors) 11 tabs., 35 figs., 96 refs.}
place = {Israel}
year = {1993}
month = {Aug}
}