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Calculation of heat balance considering the reflection, refraction of incident ray and salt diffusion on solar pad; Hikari no hansha kussetsu oyobi shio no kakusan wo koryoshita solar pond no netsukeisan

Abstract

In calculating heat balance of solar pond, calculation was made considering things except quality of the incident ray and physical properties of pond water which were conventionally considered. The real optical path length was determined from the reflection ratio of ray on the water surface based on the refraction ratio of pond water and the locus of water transmitted ray in order to calculate a total transmission rate. The rate of absorption of monochromatic lights composing of solar light in their going through the media is different by wavelength, and therefore, calculation was made in each monochromatic light. As to four kinds of salt water solution, NaCl, KCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2, these phenomena seen in solar pond are taken in, and a total transmission rate based on reality can be calculated by the wavelength integration method. Moreover, in the salt gradient layer, there are gradients in both concentration and temperature, and thermal physical values of each layer change. Accordingly, mass transfer and thermal transfer by both gradients were considered at the same time. An analytic solution was introduced which analyzes salt diffusion in the temperature field in the gradient layer and determines the concentration distribution. By these, concentration and physical  More>>
Authors:
Kanayama, K; Li, X; Baba, H; Endo, N [1] 
  1. Kitami Institute of Technology, (Japan)
Publication Date:
Nov 25, 1997
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
ETDE/JP-98753622; CONF-9711143-
Reference Number:
SCA: 142000; 420400; PA: JP-98:0G1126; SN: 98001983517
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1997 JSES/JWEA joint conference, Taiyo/furyoku energy koen, Aichi (Japan), 28-29 Nov 1997; Other Information: PBD: 25 Nov 1997; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of JSES/JWEA Joint Conference (1997); PB: 454 p.; Taiyo/Furyoku energy koen ronbunshu (1997)
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; SOLAR PONDS; MASS TRANSFER; HEAT TRANSFER; BRINES; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; OPTICAL REFLECTION; REFRACTION; THERMAL DIFFUSION; REFLECTIVITY; LIGHT TRANSMISSION; WAVELENGTHS; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; INCLINATION; SPACE DEPENDENCE; CONCENTRATION RATIO; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS
OSTI ID:
366062
Research Organizations:
Japan Solar Energy Society, Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98753622; TRN: JN98G1126
Availability:
Available from Japan Solar Energy Society, 44-14, Yoyogi 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan; OSTI as DE98753622
Submitting Site:
NEDO
Size:
pp. 437-4440
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Kanayama, K, Li, X, Baba, H, and Endo, N. Calculation of heat balance considering the reflection, refraction of incident ray and salt diffusion on solar pad; Hikari no hansha kussetsu oyobi shio no kakusan wo koryoshita solar pond no netsukeisan. Japan: N. p., 1997. Web.
Kanayama, K, Li, X, Baba, H, & Endo, N. Calculation of heat balance considering the reflection, refraction of incident ray and salt diffusion on solar pad; Hikari no hansha kussetsu oyobi shio no kakusan wo koryoshita solar pond no netsukeisan. Japan.
Kanayama, K, Li, X, Baba, H, and Endo, N. 1997. "Calculation of heat balance considering the reflection, refraction of incident ray and salt diffusion on solar pad; Hikari no hansha kussetsu oyobi shio no kakusan wo koryoshita solar pond no netsukeisan." Japan.
@misc{etde_366062,
title = {Calculation of heat balance considering the reflection, refraction of incident ray and salt diffusion on solar pad; Hikari no hansha kussetsu oyobi shio no kakusan wo koryoshita solar pond no netsukeisan}
author = {Kanayama, K, Li, X, Baba, H, and Endo, N}
abstractNote = {In calculating heat balance of solar pond, calculation was made considering things except quality of the incident ray and physical properties of pond water which were conventionally considered. The real optical path length was determined from the reflection ratio of ray on the water surface based on the refraction ratio of pond water and the locus of water transmitted ray in order to calculate a total transmission rate. The rate of absorption of monochromatic lights composing of solar light in their going through the media is different by wavelength, and therefore, calculation was made in each monochromatic light. As to four kinds of salt water solution, NaCl, KCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2, these phenomena seen in solar pond are taken in, and a total transmission rate based on reality can be calculated by the wavelength integration method. Moreover, in the salt gradient layer, there are gradients in both concentration and temperature, and thermal physical values of each layer change. Accordingly, mass transfer and thermal transfer by both gradients were considered at the same time. An analytic solution was introduced which analyzes salt diffusion in the temperature field in the gradient layer and determines the concentration distribution. By these, concentration and physical values of each layer were calculated according to phenomena, and thermal balance of each layer of the solar pond was able to be accurately calculated. 6 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1997}
month = {Nov}
}