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MAQARIN natural analogue study: phase III

Abstract

This report represents the conclusion to Phase III of the Maqarin Natural Analogue Study. The main thrust was to establish the origin and chemistry of the Western Springs hyper alkaline groundwaters (Na/K enriched Ca(OH){sub 2} type) and to study their interaction with rocks of different compositions, as natural analogues to key processes that might occur at an early stage within the `alkali disturbed zone` of cementitious repositories in different host rocks. Whilst earlier studies at Maqarin were very much site-specific and process-oriented, Phase III provided a regional perspective to the geological evolution of the Maqarin region. This was made possible by greater field access which allowed a more systematic structural and geomorphological study of the area. This has resulted in a greater understanding of the age and spatial relationships concerning formation of the cement zones through spontaneous combustion of the Bituminous Marls, and the subsequent formation of high pH groundwaters at the Eastern and Western Springs locations. At the Western Springs locality, hydrochemical and hydrogeological evaluation of new and published data (plus access to unpublished data), together with detailed mineralogical and geochemical studies, helped to clarify the very earliest stage of cement leachate/host rock interaction. The data were used also  More>>
Authors:
Alexander, W R; Mazurek, M; Waber, H N; [1]  Arlinger, J; Erlandson, A C; Hallbeck, L; Pedersen, K; [2]  Boehlmann, W; Fritz, P; Geyer, S; Geyer, W; Hanschman, G; Kopinke, F D; Poerschmann, J; [3]  Chambers, A V; Haworth, A; Ilett, D; Linklater, C M; Tweed, C J; [4]  Chenery, S R.N.; Kemp, S J; Milodowski, A E; Pearce, J M; Reeder, S; Rochelle, C A; Smith, B; Wetton, P D; Wragg, J; [5]  Clark, I D; [6]  Hodginson, E; Hughes, C R; [7]  Hyslop, E K; [8]  Karlsson, F; [9]  Khoury, H N; Salameh, E; [10]  Lagerblad, B; [11]  Longworth, G; [12]  Pitty, A F; [13]  Savage, D; [14]  Smellie, J A.T. [15] 
  1. Univ. of Berne (Switzerland). Institutes of Geology, Mineralogy and Petrology, Rock-Water Interaction Group (GGWW)
  2. Goeteborg Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of General and Marine Microbiology
  3. Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle (Germany)
  4. AEA Technology plc, Harwell (United Kingdom)
  5. British Geological Survey, Keyworth (United Kingdom)
  6. Univ. of Ottawa (Canada). Dept. of Geology
  7. Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). Dept. of Earth Sciences
  8. British Geological Survey, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  9. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm (Sweden)
  10. Univ. of Jordan, Amman (Jordan)
  11. Cement Inst., Stockholm (Sweden)
  12. Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). Dept. of Geology
  13. Private consultant, Norwich (United Kingdom)
  14. QuantiSci Ltd, Melton Mowbray (United Kingdom)
  15. ed.; Conterra AB, Uppsala (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1998
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SKB-TR-98-04(v.1)
Reference Number:
SCA: 540230; PA: AIX-30:029844; EDB-99:075714; SN: 99002115208
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: refs, figs, tabs. Appendices in volume 2; PBD: Dec 1998
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; COLLOIDS; GEOCHEMISTRY; GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES; GROUND WATER; HYDROLOGY; JORDAN; NATURAL ANALOGUE; SITE CHARACTERIZATION
OSTI ID:
364515
Research Organizations:
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0284-3757; Other: ON: DE99625926; TRN: SE9900227029844
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE99625926
Submitting Site:
SWDN
Size:
401 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Alexander, W R, Mazurek, M, Waber, H N, Arlinger, J, Erlandson, A C, Hallbeck, L, Pedersen, K, Boehlmann, W, Fritz, P, Geyer, S, Geyer, W, Hanschman, G, Kopinke, F D, Poerschmann, J, Chambers, A V, Haworth, A, Ilett, D, Linklater, C M, Tweed, C J, Chenery, S R.N., Kemp, S J, Milodowski, A E, Pearce, J M, Reeder, S, Rochelle, C A, Smith, B, Wetton, P D, Wragg, J, Clark, I D, Hodginson, E, Hughes, C R, Hyslop, E K, Karlsson, F, Khoury, H N, Salameh, E, Lagerblad, B, Longworth, G, Pitty, A F, Savage, D, and Smellie, J A.T. MAQARIN natural analogue study: phase III. Sweden: N. p., 1998. Web.
Alexander, W R, Mazurek, M, Waber, H N, Arlinger, J, Erlandson, A C, Hallbeck, L, Pedersen, K, Boehlmann, W, Fritz, P, Geyer, S, Geyer, W, Hanschman, G, Kopinke, F D, Poerschmann, J, Chambers, A V, Haworth, A, Ilett, D, Linklater, C M, Tweed, C J, Chenery, S R.N., Kemp, S J, Milodowski, A E, Pearce, J M, Reeder, S, Rochelle, C A, Smith, B, Wetton, P D, Wragg, J, Clark, I D, Hodginson, E, Hughes, C R, Hyslop, E K, Karlsson, F, Khoury, H N, Salameh, E, Lagerblad, B, Longworth, G, Pitty, A F, Savage, D, & Smellie, J A.T. MAQARIN natural analogue study: phase III. Sweden.
Alexander, W R, Mazurek, M, Waber, H N, Arlinger, J, Erlandson, A C, Hallbeck, L, Pedersen, K, Boehlmann, W, Fritz, P, Geyer, S, Geyer, W, Hanschman, G, Kopinke, F D, Poerschmann, J, Chambers, A V, Haworth, A, Ilett, D, Linklater, C M, Tweed, C J, Chenery, S R.N., Kemp, S J, Milodowski, A E, Pearce, J M, Reeder, S, Rochelle, C A, Smith, B, Wetton, P D, Wragg, J, Clark, I D, Hodginson, E, Hughes, C R, Hyslop, E K, Karlsson, F, Khoury, H N, Salameh, E, Lagerblad, B, Longworth, G, Pitty, A F, Savage, D, and Smellie, J A.T. 1998. "MAQARIN natural analogue study: phase III." Sweden.
@misc{etde_364515,
title = {MAQARIN natural analogue study: phase III}
author = {Alexander, W R, Mazurek, M, Waber, H N, Arlinger, J, Erlandson, A C, Hallbeck, L, Pedersen, K, Boehlmann, W, Fritz, P, Geyer, S, Geyer, W, Hanschman, G, Kopinke, F D, Poerschmann, J, Chambers, A V, Haworth, A, Ilett, D, Linklater, C M, Tweed, C J, Chenery, S R.N., Kemp, S J, Milodowski, A E, Pearce, J M, Reeder, S, Rochelle, C A, Smith, B, Wetton, P D, Wragg, J, Clark, I D, Hodginson, E, Hughes, C R, Hyslop, E K, Karlsson, F, Khoury, H N, Salameh, E, Lagerblad, B, Longworth, G, Pitty, A F, Savage, D, and Smellie, J A.T.}
abstractNote = {This report represents the conclusion to Phase III of the Maqarin Natural Analogue Study. The main thrust was to establish the origin and chemistry of the Western Springs hyper alkaline groundwaters (Na/K enriched Ca(OH){sub 2} type) and to study their interaction with rocks of different compositions, as natural analogues to key processes that might occur at an early stage within the `alkali disturbed zone` of cementitious repositories in different host rocks. Whilst earlier studies at Maqarin were very much site-specific and process-oriented, Phase III provided a regional perspective to the geological evolution of the Maqarin region. This was made possible by greater field access which allowed a more systematic structural and geomorphological study of the area. This has resulted in a greater understanding of the age and spatial relationships concerning formation of the cement zones through spontaneous combustion of the Bituminous Marls, and the subsequent formation of high pH groundwaters at the Eastern and Western Springs locations. At the Western Springs locality, hydrochemical and hydrogeological evaluation of new and published data (plus access to unpublished data), together with detailed mineralogical and geochemical studies, helped to clarify the very earliest stage of cement leachate/host rock interaction. The data were used also to test coupled flow/transport codes developed to assess the long-term evolution of a cementitious repository. Additional objectives addressed include: a) rock matrix diffusion, b) the occurrence and chemical controls on zeolite composition, e) the occurrence and chemical controls on clay stability, and d) the role of microbes, organics and colloids in trace element transport. The Maqarin site now provides a consistent picture explaining the origin of the hyperalkaline groundwaters, and is therefore a unique location for the examination of the mechanisms and processes associated with cementitious repositories. Application of these mechanisms and processes to repository performance assessment are listed and described refs, figs, tabs. Appendices in volume 2}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1998}
month = {Dec}
}