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A new model for commercially sustainable renewable energy-based rural electrification in Indonesia

Abstract

Rapidly increasing demands and requirements for access to electricity throughout the remote areas of Indonesia coupled with annual subsidies in excess of $500 million of dollars for rural electrification have forced the Government of Indonesia to search for alternatives to the conventional utility model for rural electrification. In 1992-1993 a study was conducted in collaboration with the Government of Indonesia`s Agency Application and Assessment of Technology (BPPT) and the national power utility, PLN to support the search for sustainable solutions for electrification of remote communities. This study produced a New commercial model for electrification of off-grid rural communities in Indonesia with utility quality electricity services. This new model is characterized by the use of new technologies for power generation, distribution, and sales of electricity. Key to the success of the new model are renewable energy-based hybrid power plants and the use of flexible, on-demand electricity dispensing meters. Estimated fees for electricity service are based on the current amounts now being paid by rural households for kerosene, candles and battery services at different income levels. The study showed that most rural households are willing and able to pay additional amounts for reliable, utility grade electricity for valuable services, such as better  More>>
Authors:
Walt, Robb [1] 
  1. Integrated Power Corporation-Indonesia, (United states)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
CONF-9505427-
Reference Number:
SCA: 290100; PA: MX-99:000023; EDB-99:045144; SN: 99002055345
Resource Relation:
Conference: Photovoltaic rural electrification and the electric power utility, Cocoyoc (Mexico), 8-12 May 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Photovoltaic rural electrification and the electric power utility. Workshop. [Selected Papers]; Huacuz, J. M.; Villasenor, F.; Urrutia, M. [eds.] [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)]; PB: 292 p.
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; POWER GENERATION; COMMERCIALIZATION; RURAL AREAS; RURAL POPULATIONS; RURAL ENERGY CENTERS; ENERGY POLICY; INDONESIA; PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER PLANTS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; TECHNOLOGY IMPACTS; NUMERICAL DATA; USA
OSTI ID:
334194
Research Organizations:
Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), (Mexico); Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), (United States)
Country of Origin:
Mexico
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE99725448; ISBN 968-6114-10-6; TRN: MX9900023
Availability:
OSTI as DE99725448
Submitting Site:
MX
Size:
pp. 175-200
Announcement Date:
May 10, 1999

Citation Formats

Walt, Robb. A new model for commercially sustainable renewable energy-based rural electrification in Indonesia. Mexico: N. p., 1995. Web.
Walt, Robb. A new model for commercially sustainable renewable energy-based rural electrification in Indonesia. Mexico.
Walt, Robb. 1995. "A new model for commercially sustainable renewable energy-based rural electrification in Indonesia." Mexico.
@misc{etde_334194,
title = {A new model for commercially sustainable renewable energy-based rural electrification in Indonesia}
author = {Walt, Robb}
abstractNote = {Rapidly increasing demands and requirements for access to electricity throughout the remote areas of Indonesia coupled with annual subsidies in excess of $500 million of dollars for rural electrification have forced the Government of Indonesia to search for alternatives to the conventional utility model for rural electrification. In 1992-1993 a study was conducted in collaboration with the Government of Indonesia`s Agency Application and Assessment of Technology (BPPT) and the national power utility, PLN to support the search for sustainable solutions for electrification of remote communities. This study produced a New commercial model for electrification of off-grid rural communities in Indonesia with utility quality electricity services. This new model is characterized by the use of new technologies for power generation, distribution, and sales of electricity. Key to the success of the new model are renewable energy-based hybrid power plants and the use of flexible, on-demand electricity dispensing meters. Estimated fees for electricity service are based on the current amounts now being paid by rural households for kerosene, candles and battery services at different income levels. The study showed that most rural households are willing and able to pay additional amounts for reliable, utility grade electricity for valuable services, such as better lighting, TV entertainment and for productive (economic) uses during daytime hours. A financial assessment was conducted for investments in hybrid power systems for off-grid communities with revenues generated on the basis of market fees, and collected through new technology for electricity purchase and prepayment on a commodity basis. The assessment demonstrates that this approach would provide superior electricity services on a full-time basis, with little or no subsidy required during the three- to five-year commercialization phase, and with profitability as an achievable goal in the full commercial phase. [Espanol] Las rapidas crecientes demandas y los requerimientos de acceso a la electricidad por todas las areas remotas de Indonesia juntamente con los subsidios de mas de $500 millones de dolares para la electrificacion rural han forzado al gobierno de Indonesia a buscar alternativas al modelo convencional de empresa de servicios electricos para la electrificacion rural. En 1992-1993 se llevo a cabo un estudio en colaboracion con la Agencia para la Aplicacion y la Evaluacion de Tecnologia (BPPT)del Gobierno de Indonesia y la Empresa Nacional de Energia Electrica (PLN) para apoyar la busqueda de soluciones sustentables para la electrificacion de comunidades remotas. Este estudio produjo un Nuevo Modelo comercial para la electrificacion de comunidades rurales fuera de la red en Indonesia con servicios de la calidad de empresa electrica. Este nuevo modelo esta caracterizado por el uso de nuevas tecnologias para la generacion, distribucion y ventas de electricidad. La clave del exito del nuevo modelo son las plantas electricas hibridas basadas en energia renovable y en el uso de medidores flexibles suministradores de energia bajo demanda. Las tarifas estimadas para el servicio de electricidad estan basadas en las cantidades que actualmente se pagan por los propietarios de casas rurales por keroseno, velas y servicios de baterias a diferentes niveles de ingreso. El estudio mostro que la mayor parte de los propietarios de casa estan deseosos y tienen la capacidad para pagar cantidades adicionales por valiosos servicios confiables de electricidad del grado de empresa de servicios electricos, tales como mejor alumbrado, entretenimiento de television y para usos productivos (economicos) durante las horas diurnas. Se llevo a cabo una evaluacion financiera en sistemas hibridos de energia electrica en comunidades fuera de la red con ganancias generadas en base a las tarifas del mercado y cobradas mediante nueva tecnologia para la compra de electricidad y pago anticipado en base a un servicio. El avaluo demuestra que esta opcion proporcionara servicios superiores de electricidad en una base de tiempo completo, Sin requerir poco o ningun subsidio durante los tres o cinco anos de la fase de comercializacion y con ganancias como una meta alcanzable en la plena fase comercial.}
place = {Mexico}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}