You need JavaScript to view this

Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey

Abstract

This paper presents here the results of a survey conducted in summer 1992 at Guadalajara and Monterrey homes. The survey main objective was to examine the potential of the replacement of incandescent bulbs for fluorescent compact bulbs (FCBs) to save electricity. Additionally it was determined the saturation level of other electric home appliances. Considering the physical restrictions of lanterns, during the evening demand peak hours a maximum of about 3.6 million of FCBs can be introduced into the electric network between 8:00 and 9:00 Pm, economizing about 207 MW. It was found that the importance of lighting, the potential of FCBs and the equipment with electric home appliances varies significantly in accordance with the electricity consumption at home. Lighting represents at least about 22% and 14% of the total electricity consumption in the homes of Guadalajara and Monterrey, respectively. This percentage is higher among low electricity consumption users. The saturation in electrical home appliances demonstrated the importance of the refrigerators, TV sets, and air conditioning units (these ones only for Monterrey). In both cities about 1.5 TV sets and 0.96 refrigerators per home were reported. In Monterrey 0.4 air conditioning units and 1.6 electric fans per home were reported. In  More>>
Authors:
Friedmann, Rafael; Nixon, Michael [1] 
  1. University of California, Berkeley, CA. (United States)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1994
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
CONF-9411350-
Reference Number:
SCA: 320106; PA: MX-98:000078; EDB-99:041438; SN: 98002000342
Resource Relation:
Conference: 15. national seminar on the rational use of the energy and exposition of equipment and services, 15. seminario nacional sobre el uso racional de la energia y exposicion de equipos y servicios, Mexico (Mexico), Nov 1994; Other Information: PBD: 1994; Related Information: Is Part Of 15. national seminar on the rational use of the energy and exposition of equipment and services. Transactions; PB: 800 p.; 15. seminario nacional sobre el uso racional de la energia y exposicion de equipos y servicios. Memoria tecnica
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; LIGHTING SYSTEMS; FLUORESCENT LAMPS; NUMERICAL DATA; MONTERREY; GUADALAJARA
OSTI ID:
331594
Country of Origin:
Mexico
Language:
Spanish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE99717746; TRN: MX9800078
Availability:
Available from Asociacion de Tecnicos y Profesionistas en Aplicacion Energetica (ATPAE), Av. Revolucion 728, Oficina 15, Col. Nonoalco Mixcoac, C.P. 03700, Mexico D. F. (Mexico), Tel./Fax: (5) 611 9280; OSTI as DE99717746
Submitting Site:
MX
Size:
pp. 771-782
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Friedmann, Rafael, and Nixon, Michael. Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey. Mexico: N. p., 1994. Web.
Friedmann, Rafael, & Nixon, Michael. Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey. Mexico.
Friedmann, Rafael, and Nixon, Michael. 1994. "Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey." Mexico.
@misc{etde_331594,
title = {Results of a survey on the electricity end uses conducted in Guadalajara and Monterrey homes; Resultados de una encuesta de usos finales de electricidad en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey}
author = {Friedmann, Rafael, and Nixon, Michael}
abstractNote = {This paper presents here the results of a survey conducted in summer 1992 at Guadalajara and Monterrey homes. The survey main objective was to examine the potential of the replacement of incandescent bulbs for fluorescent compact bulbs (FCBs) to save electricity. Additionally it was determined the saturation level of other electric home appliances. Considering the physical restrictions of lanterns, during the evening demand peak hours a maximum of about 3.6 million of FCBs can be introduced into the electric network between 8:00 and 9:00 Pm, economizing about 207 MW. It was found that the importance of lighting, the potential of FCBs and the equipment with electric home appliances varies significantly in accordance with the electricity consumption at home. Lighting represents at least about 22% and 14% of the total electricity consumption in the homes of Guadalajara and Monterrey, respectively. This percentage is higher among low electricity consumption users. The saturation in electrical home appliances demonstrated the importance of the refrigerators, TV sets, and air conditioning units (these ones only for Monterrey). In both cities about 1.5 TV sets and 0.96 refrigerators per home were reported. In Monterrey 0.4 air conditioning units and 1.6 electric fans per home were reported. In Guadalajara only about 0.5 fans per home were reported. The results of this survey show the importance of promoting programs to increase the energy efficiency to cover the lighting and refrigeration needs in both cities and air conditioning in Monterrey. [Espanol] Se muestran los resultados de una encuesta realizada en el verano de 1992 en los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey. La encuesta tenia como objetivo principal examinar el potencial de reemplazo de focos incandescentes con focos compactos fluorescentes (FCFs) para ahorrar electricidad. Ademas se determino el nivel de saturacion de otros enseres electricos en los hogares. Tomando en cuenta restricciones fisicas de luminarias, durante las horas pico de demanda vespertina se pueden introducir un maximo de unos 3.6 millones de FCFs (entre las 20 a 21 horas), ahorrandose unos 207 MW. Se encontro que la importancia de la iluminacion, el potencial de FCFs, y el equipamiento con electrodomesticos varia significativamente segun el consumo electrico del hogar. La iluminacion representa al menos un 22% y 14% del total del consumo electrico de los hogares de Guadalajara y Monterrey, respectivamente. Este porcentaje es mas grande entre los usuarios de bajos consumos electricos. La saturacion de electrodomesticos demostro la importancia de los refrigeradores, televisores, y equipos de aire acondicionado (este ultimo solo para Monterrey). En ambas ciudades se reportaron cerca de 1.5 televisores y 0.96 refrigeradores por hogar. En Monterrey tambien se reportaron unos 0.4 equipos de aire acondicionado y 1.6 ventiladores por hogar. En Guadalajara solo se reportaron unos 0.5 ventiladores por hogar. Los resultados de la encuesta muestran la importancia de promover programas para incrementar la eficiencia energetica para cubrir las necesidades de iluminacion y refrigeracion en ambas ciudades, y aire acondicionado en Monterrey.}
place = {Mexico}
year = {1994}
month = {Dec}
}