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Pricing hazardous substance emissions

Abstract

This report discusses pricing of emissions to air of several harmful substances. It combines ranking indices for environmentally harmful substances with economic valuation data to yield price estimates. The ranking methods are discussed and a relative index established. Given the relative ranking of the substances, they all become valued by assigning a value to one of them, the `anchor` substance, for which lead is selected. Valuations are provided for 19 hazardous substances that are often subject to environmental regulations. They include dioxins, TBT, etc. The study concludes with a discussion of other categories of substances as well as uncertainties and possible refinements. When the valuations are related to CO, NOx, SOx and PM 10, the index system undervalues these pollutants as compared to other studies. The scope is limited to the outdoor environment and does not include global warming and eutrophication. The indices are based on toxicity and so do not apply to CO{sub 2} or other substances that are biologically harmless. The index values are not necessarily valid for all countries and should be considered as preliminary. 18 refs., 6 tabs.
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1997
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ECON-63/97
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; PA: NW-98:005418; EDB-99:008792; SN: 98002039607
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1997
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; ENVIRONMENT; POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION; PRICES; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; TOXIC MATERIALS; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; TOXICITY; ECONOMICS; DIOXIN; CARBON MONOXIDE; NITROGEN OXIDES; SULFUR OXIDES; PARTICULATES
OSTI ID:
293477
Research Organizations:
Senter for Oekonomisk Analyse (ECON), Oslo (Norway)
Country of Origin:
Norway
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE99717393; ISBN 82-7645-216-7; TRN: NO9805418
Availability:
OSTI as DE99717393
Submitting Site:
NW
Size:
49 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Staring, Knut, and Vennemo, Haakon. Pricing hazardous substance emissions. Norway: N. p., 1997. Web.
Staring, Knut, & Vennemo, Haakon. Pricing hazardous substance emissions. Norway.
Staring, Knut, and Vennemo, Haakon. 1997. "Pricing hazardous substance emissions." Norway.
@misc{etde_293477,
title = {Pricing hazardous substance emissions}
author = {Staring, Knut, and Vennemo, Haakon}
abstractNote = {This report discusses pricing of emissions to air of several harmful substances. It combines ranking indices for environmentally harmful substances with economic valuation data to yield price estimates. The ranking methods are discussed and a relative index established. Given the relative ranking of the substances, they all become valued by assigning a value to one of them, the `anchor` substance, for which lead is selected. Valuations are provided for 19 hazardous substances that are often subject to environmental regulations. They include dioxins, TBT, etc. The study concludes with a discussion of other categories of substances as well as uncertainties and possible refinements. When the valuations are related to CO, NOx, SOx and PM 10, the index system undervalues these pollutants as compared to other studies. The scope is limited to the outdoor environment and does not include global warming and eutrophication. The indices are based on toxicity and so do not apply to CO{sub 2} or other substances that are biologically harmless. The index values are not necessarily valid for all countries and should be considered as preliminary. 18 refs., 6 tabs.}
place = {Norway}
year = {1997}
month = {Dec}
}