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Public health implications of urban air pollution in developing countries

Abstract

Exposure to air pollution is an almost inescapable part of urban life throughout the world. Ambient air pollutant levels in urban areas are generally a reflection of emissions. For sulphur dioxide, total suspended particulate matter and lead, ambient concentrations are declining in the industrialized western countries. For nitrogen dioxide, ambient levels in cities are generally constant, or slightly increasing. For carbon dioxide, they are variable, declining where controls are being applied. In a substantial number of cities, particularly in developing countries, WHO guidelines are being often exceeded for the compounds mentioned. Given the rate at which these cities are growing, the air pollution situation will probably worsen if environmental control measures are not implemented. As a consequence, the health and well-being of urban residents will further deteriorate with high ambient air pollutant concentrations causing increased mortality, morbidity, deficits on pulmonary functions and cardiovascular and neurobehavioural effects. (author)
Authors:
Schwela, D H [1] 
  1. World Health Organisation, Geneva (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-FI-290-Vol.3; CONF-9505322-Vol.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 560300; PA: FI-96:003630; EDB-96:137200; SN: 96001645619
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10. world clean air congress, Espoo (Finland), 28 May - 2 Jun 1995; Other Information: DN: Sponsored by the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (UIAPPA) and hosted by the Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society (FAPPS); PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 10th world clean air congress. Impacts and management; Kaemaeri, J.; Tolvanen, M.; Anttila, P.; Salonen, R.O. [eds.]; PB: 632 p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; AIR POLLUTION; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; EPIDEMIOLOGY; HEALTH HAZARDS; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
OSTI ID:
283540
Research Organizations:
Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society, Helsinki (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96777170; ISBN 952-90-6474-8; TRN: FI9603630
Availability:
OSTI as DE96777170
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. [4]
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Schwela, D H. Public health implications of urban air pollution in developing countries. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Schwela, D H. Public health implications of urban air pollution in developing countries. Finland.
Schwela, D H. 1995. "Public health implications of urban air pollution in developing countries." Finland.
@misc{etde_283540,
title = {Public health implications of urban air pollution in developing countries}
author = {Schwela, D H}
abstractNote = {Exposure to air pollution is an almost inescapable part of urban life throughout the world. Ambient air pollutant levels in urban areas are generally a reflection of emissions. For sulphur dioxide, total suspended particulate matter and lead, ambient concentrations are declining in the industrialized western countries. For nitrogen dioxide, ambient levels in cities are generally constant, or slightly increasing. For carbon dioxide, they are variable, declining where controls are being applied. In a substantial number of cities, particularly in developing countries, WHO guidelines are being often exceeded for the compounds mentioned. Given the rate at which these cities are growing, the air pollution situation will probably worsen if environmental control measures are not implemented. As a consequence, the health and well-being of urban residents will further deteriorate with high ambient air pollutant concentrations causing increased mortality, morbidity, deficits on pulmonary functions and cardiovascular and neurobehavioural effects. (author)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}