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Urban air pollution and respiratory health among children with respiratory symptoms in Finland

Abstract

Many recent studies suggest that urban air pollution, especially thoracic particles (PM{sub 10}), are associated with increased respiratory, mortality and morbidity at lower levels than what has previously been known. During the Finnish winter, the dust formed from asphalt ware by studded auto tyres, street sanding and combustion processes is accumulated on the snow. In the spring, when the snow melts from the streets, part of this dust is resuspended by traffic and wind. This creates spring dust episodes, during which TSP and PM{sub 10} levels exceed air quality guidelines in most Finnish cities. The mechanisms through which PM{sub 10} produces its health effects are largely unknown. It has been suggested that the number of particles, especially that of very small particles in the nanometer range, would be as important as the mass or the chemical composition of the particles. In most previous studies, the particles measured have mostly composed of combustion products. There are only sparse data on the size distribution of particles in the Finnish spring dust episode and no studies on it`s possible health effects. The aim of the PEACE project was to develop a common protocol for research on the short-term relationship between respiratory health and  More>>
Authors:
Pekkanen, J; Timonen, K L; Salonen, R O; Alm, S; Reponen, A; Jantunen, M; Vahteristo, M; [1]  Ruuskanen, J; [2]  Paerjaelae, E [3] 
  1. National Public Health Inst., Kuopio (Finland)
  2. Kuopio Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Environmental Sciences
  3. City of Kuopio (Finland)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-FI-290-Vol.3; CONF-9505322-Vol.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 560300; PA: FI-96:003626; EDB-96:137190; SN: 96001645615
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10. world clean air congress, Espoo (Finland), 28 May - 2 Jun 1995; Other Information: DN: Sponsored by the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (UIAPPA) and hosted by the Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society (FAPPS); PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 10th world clean air congress. Impacts and management; Kaemaeri, J.; Tolvanen, M.; Anttila, P.; Salonen, R.O. [eds.]; PB: 632 p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; AIR POLLUTION; HEALTH HAZARDS; CHILDREN; URBAN AREAS; FINLAND; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES
OSTI ID:
283536
Research Organizations:
Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society, Helsinki (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96777170; ISBN 952-90-6474-8; TRN: FI9603626
Availability:
OSTI as DE96777170
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. [4]
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Pekkanen, J, Timonen, K L, Salonen, R O, Alm, S, Reponen, A, Jantunen, M, Vahteristo, M, Ruuskanen, J, and Paerjaelae, E. Urban air pollution and respiratory health among children with respiratory symptoms in Finland. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Pekkanen, J, Timonen, K L, Salonen, R O, Alm, S, Reponen, A, Jantunen, M, Vahteristo, M, Ruuskanen, J, & Paerjaelae, E. Urban air pollution and respiratory health among children with respiratory symptoms in Finland. Finland.
Pekkanen, J, Timonen, K L, Salonen, R O, Alm, S, Reponen, A, Jantunen, M, Vahteristo, M, Ruuskanen, J, and Paerjaelae, E. 1995. "Urban air pollution and respiratory health among children with respiratory symptoms in Finland." Finland.
@misc{etde_283536,
title = {Urban air pollution and respiratory health among children with respiratory symptoms in Finland}
author = {Pekkanen, J, Timonen, K L, Salonen, R O, Alm, S, Reponen, A, Jantunen, M, Vahteristo, M, Ruuskanen, J, and Paerjaelae, E}
abstractNote = {Many recent studies suggest that urban air pollution, especially thoracic particles (PM{sub 10}), are associated with increased respiratory, mortality and morbidity at lower levels than what has previously been known. During the Finnish winter, the dust formed from asphalt ware by studded auto tyres, street sanding and combustion processes is accumulated on the snow. In the spring, when the snow melts from the streets, part of this dust is resuspended by traffic and wind. This creates spring dust episodes, during which TSP and PM{sub 10} levels exceed air quality guidelines in most Finnish cities. The mechanisms through which PM{sub 10} produces its health effects are largely unknown. It has been suggested that the number of particles, especially that of very small particles in the nanometer range, would be as important as the mass or the chemical composition of the particles. In most previous studies, the particles measured have mostly composed of combustion products. There are only sparse data on the size distribution of particles in the Finnish spring dust episode and no studies on it`s possible health effects. The aim of the PEACE project was to develop a common protocol for research on the short-term relationship between respiratory health and changes in air pollution levels. The present report describes the design and preliminary results of Finnish field work of the PEACE study that was carried out in Kuopio, Eastern Finland. (author)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}