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European study protocol: `Effect of short-term changes in urban air pollution on the respiratory health of children with chronic respiratory symptoms. The PEACE project, Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe

Abstract

Over the last decades, concentrations of air pollution components such as SO{sub 2} and airborne, coarse particulates have decreased in many areas in Europe. This decrease can be ascribed to emission abatement measures and changes in energy production for industrial processes and space heating. Levels of other pollutants such as NO{sub 2} have increased during the same period, mostly due to higher intensity of motor vehicle traffic. Older epidemiologic studies on health effects of air pollution used indicator pollutants such as SO{sub 2}, Total Suspended Particulate matter (TSP) and Black Smoke at extremely high levels. More recent studies using the same and other indicators such as PM10 (particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of 10 {mu}m) have shown effects of air pollution on mortality and morbidity at lower levels, even sometimes lower than current WHO air quality guidelines for Europe. These findings suggest that due to the changing composition of air pollution, effects of air pollution can be seen below levels of exposure which were thought to be safe. Another reason is that the recent studies are conducted at levels which were hard to find in earlier days. Therefore new, quantitative data are needed to evaluate the current guidelines and  More>>
Authors:
Roemer, W; Hoek, G; Brunekreef, B [1] 
  1. Wageningen Univ. (Netherlands). Dept. of Epidemiology and Public Health; and others
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-FI-290-Vol.3; CONF-9505322-Vol.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 560300; PA: FI-96:003622; EDB-96:137191; SN: 96001645611
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10. world clean air congress, Espoo (Finland), 28 May - 2 Jun 1995; Other Information: DN: Sponsored by the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (UIAPPA) and hosted by the Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society (FAPPS); PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 10th world clean air congress. Impacts and management; Kaemaeri, J.; Tolvanen, M.; Anttila, P.; Salonen, R.O. [eds.]; PB: 632 p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; AIR POLLUTION; EPIDEMIOLOGY; URBAN AREAS; COORDINATED RESEARCH PROGRAMS; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; CHILDREN; HEALTH HAZARDS
OSTI ID:
283532
Research Organizations:
Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society, Helsinki (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96777170; ISBN 952-90-6474-8; TRN: FI9603622
Availability:
OSTI as DE96777170
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. [5]
Announcement Date:
Sep 20, 1996

Citation Formats

Roemer, W, Hoek, G, and Brunekreef, B. European study protocol: `Effect of short-term changes in urban air pollution on the respiratory health of children with chronic respiratory symptoms. The PEACE project, Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Roemer, W, Hoek, G, & Brunekreef, B. European study protocol: `Effect of short-term changes in urban air pollution on the respiratory health of children with chronic respiratory symptoms. The PEACE project, Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe. Finland.
Roemer, W, Hoek, G, and Brunekreef, B. 1995. "European study protocol: `Effect of short-term changes in urban air pollution on the respiratory health of children with chronic respiratory symptoms. The PEACE project, Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe." Finland.
@misc{etde_283532,
title = {European study protocol: `Effect of short-term changes in urban air pollution on the respiratory health of children with chronic respiratory symptoms. The PEACE project, Pollution Effects on Asthmatic Children in Europe}
author = {Roemer, W, Hoek, G, and Brunekreef, B}
abstractNote = {Over the last decades, concentrations of air pollution components such as SO{sub 2} and airborne, coarse particulates have decreased in many areas in Europe. This decrease can be ascribed to emission abatement measures and changes in energy production for industrial processes and space heating. Levels of other pollutants such as NO{sub 2} have increased during the same period, mostly due to higher intensity of motor vehicle traffic. Older epidemiologic studies on health effects of air pollution used indicator pollutants such as SO{sub 2}, Total Suspended Particulate matter (TSP) and Black Smoke at extremely high levels. More recent studies using the same and other indicators such as PM10 (particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of 10 {mu}m) have shown effects of air pollution on mortality and morbidity at lower levels, even sometimes lower than current WHO air quality guidelines for Europe. These findings suggest that due to the changing composition of air pollution, effects of air pollution can be seen below levels of exposure which were thought to be safe. Another reason is that the recent studies are conducted at levels which were hard to find in earlier days. Therefore new, quantitative data are needed to evaluate the current guidelines and standards. In order to achieve this, standardization of methodology as well as the execution of epidemiologic studies using such standardized methodology is needed. In the framework of the ENVIRONMENT Research Programme of the Commission of the European Communities, a collaborative study was funded that sought to develop a standardized methodology for epidemiologic studies of effects short-term changes in air pollution on the respiratory system}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}