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Air pollution control policy in Switzerland

Abstract

The legal basis of the Swiss air pollution control policy is set by the Federal Law on the Protection of the Environment, which came into force in 1985. It aims to protect human beings, animals and plants, their biological communities and habitats against harmful effects or nuisances and to maintain the fertility of the soil. The law is source-oriented (by emission standards) as well as effect-oriented (by ambient air quality standards). To link both elements a two-stage approach is applied. In the first stage preventive measures are taken at the emitting sources, irrespective of existing air pollution levels. Emissions have to be limited by early preventive measures as much as technical and operational conditions allow and as far as economically acceptable (prevention principle). By this, air pollution shall be kept as low as possible as a matter of principle, without the environment having to be in danger first. In a second stage the measures are strengthened or backed up by additional measures if ambient air quality standards laid down in the Ordinance on Air Pollution Control are exceeded. At this second stage, protection of man and his environment has priority over economic considerations. (author)
Authors:
Leutert, G [1] 
  1. Forests and Landscape, Berne (Switzerland). Federal Office of Environment
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1995
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-FI-290-Vol.3; CONF-9505322-Vol.3
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; PA: FI-96:003598; EDB-96:134580; SN: 96001645587
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10. world clean air congress, Espoo (Finland), 28 May - 2 Jun 1995; Other Information: DN: Sponsored by the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (UIAPPA) and hosted by the Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society (FAPPS); PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 10th world clean air congress. Impacts and management; Kaemaeri, J.; Tolvanen, M.; Anttila, P.; Salonen, R.O. [eds.]; PB: 632 p.
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; SWITZERLAND; AIR QUALITY; ENFORCEMENT; LAWS; POLLUTION REGULATIONS
OSTI ID:
283506
Research Organizations:
Finnish Air Pollution Prevention Society, Helsinki (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96777170; ISBN 952-90-6474-8; TRN: FI9603598
Availability:
OSTI as DE96777170
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
pp. [5]
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Leutert, G. Air pollution control policy in Switzerland. Finland: N. p., 1995. Web.
Leutert, G. Air pollution control policy in Switzerland. Finland.
Leutert, G. 1995. "Air pollution control policy in Switzerland." Finland.
@misc{etde_283506,
title = {Air pollution control policy in Switzerland}
author = {Leutert, G}
abstractNote = {The legal basis of the Swiss air pollution control policy is set by the Federal Law on the Protection of the Environment, which came into force in 1985. It aims to protect human beings, animals and plants, their biological communities and habitats against harmful effects or nuisances and to maintain the fertility of the soil. The law is source-oriented (by emission standards) as well as effect-oriented (by ambient air quality standards). To link both elements a two-stage approach is applied. In the first stage preventive measures are taken at the emitting sources, irrespective of existing air pollution levels. Emissions have to be limited by early preventive measures as much as technical and operational conditions allow and as far as economically acceptable (prevention principle). By this, air pollution shall be kept as low as possible as a matter of principle, without the environment having to be in danger first. In a second stage the measures are strengthened or backed up by additional measures if ambient air quality standards laid down in the Ordinance on Air Pollution Control are exceeded. At this second stage, protection of man and his environment has priority over economic considerations. (author)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1995}
month = {Dec}
}