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Beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on insulin signaling cascade, dyslipidemia, and body adiposity of diet-induced obese rats

Abstract

Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) has been indicated as an efficient medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. It remains unclear if its effects are due to an improvement of the insulin signaling cascade, especially in obese subjects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of GbE on insulin tolerance, food intake, body adiposity, lipid profile, fasting insulin, and muscle levels of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B), and protein kinase B (Akt), as well as Akt phosphorylation, in diet-induced obese rats. Rats were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or a normal fat diet (NFD) for 8 weeks. After that, the HFD group was divided into two groups: rats gavaged with a saline vehicle (HFD+V), and rats gavaged with 500 mg/kg of GbE diluted in the saline vehicle (HFD+Gb). NFD rats were gavaged with the saline vehicle only. At the end of the treatment, the rats were anesthetized, insulin was injected into the portal vein, and after 90s, the gastrocnemius muscle was removed. The quantification of IRS-1, Akt, and Akt phosphorylation was performed using Western blotting. Serum levels of fasting insulin and glucose, triacylglycerols and total cholesterol, and LDL and  More>>
Authors:
Banin, R. M.; Hirata, B. K.S.; [1]  Andrade, I. S.; Zemdegs, J. C.S.; [2]  Clemente, A. P.G.; [3]  Dornellas, A. P.S.; Boldarine, V. T.; [2]  Estadella, D.; [4]  Albuquerque, K. T.; [5]  Oyama, L. M.; Ribeiro, E. B.; [2]  Telles, M. M. [1] 
  1. Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Diadema, SP (Brazil)
  2. Disciplina de Fisiologia da Nutrição, Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
  3. Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, AL (Brazil)
  4. Departamento de Biociências, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Baixada Santista, SP (Brazil)
  5. Curso de Nutrição, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Macaé, RJ (Brazil)
Publication Date:
Jul 25, 2014
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: PMCID: PMC4143206; PMID: 25075573; OAI: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:4143206; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; DIABETES MELLITUS; DRUGS; FOOD; GLUCOSE; METABOLIC DISEASES; MUSCLES; PHOSPHORYLATION; RATS; SENSITIVITY; TOLERANCE
OSTI ID:
22437111
Country of Origin:
Brazil
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0100-879X; TRN: BR15$0379006645
Availability:
Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20142983; Available from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4143206
Submitting Site:
BRN
Size:
page(s) 780-788
Announcement Date:
Mar 05, 2016

Citation Formats

Banin, R. M., Hirata, B. K.S., Andrade, I. S., Zemdegs, J. C.S., Clemente, A. P.G., Dornellas, A. P.S., Boldarine, V. T., Estadella, D., Albuquerque, K. T., Oyama, L. M., Ribeiro, E. B., and Telles, M. M. Beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on insulin signaling cascade, dyslipidemia, and body adiposity of diet-induced obese rats. Brazil: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1590/1414-431X20142983.
Banin, R. M., Hirata, B. K.S., Andrade, I. S., Zemdegs, J. C.S., Clemente, A. P.G., Dornellas, A. P.S., Boldarine, V. T., Estadella, D., Albuquerque, K. T., Oyama, L. M., Ribeiro, E. B., & Telles, M. M. Beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on insulin signaling cascade, dyslipidemia, and body adiposity of diet-induced obese rats. Brazil. doi:10.1590/1414-431X20142983.
Banin, R. M., Hirata, B. K.S., Andrade, I. S., Zemdegs, J. C.S., Clemente, A. P.G., Dornellas, A. P.S., Boldarine, V. T., Estadella, D., Albuquerque, K. T., Oyama, L. M., Ribeiro, E. B., and Telles, M. M. 2014. "Beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on insulin signaling cascade, dyslipidemia, and body adiposity of diet-induced obese rats." Brazil. doi:10.1590/1414-431X20142983. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1590/1414-431X20142983.
@misc{etde_22437111,
title = {Beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on insulin signaling cascade, dyslipidemia, and body adiposity of diet-induced obese rats}
author = {Banin, R. M., Hirata, B. K.S., Andrade, I. S., Zemdegs, J. C.S., Clemente, A. P.G., Dornellas, A. P.S., Boldarine, V. T., Estadella, D., Albuquerque, K. T., Oyama, L. M., Ribeiro, E. B., and Telles, M. M.}
abstractNote = {Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) has been indicated as an efficient medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. It remains unclear if its effects are due to an improvement of the insulin signaling cascade, especially in obese subjects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of GbE on insulin tolerance, food intake, body adiposity, lipid profile, fasting insulin, and muscle levels of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B), and protein kinase B (Akt), as well as Akt phosphorylation, in diet-induced obese rats. Rats were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or a normal fat diet (NFD) for 8 weeks. After that, the HFD group was divided into two groups: rats gavaged with a saline vehicle (HFD+V), and rats gavaged with 500 mg/kg of GbE diluted in the saline vehicle (HFD+Gb). NFD rats were gavaged with the saline vehicle only. At the end of the treatment, the rats were anesthetized, insulin was injected into the portal vein, and after 90s, the gastrocnemius muscle was removed. The quantification of IRS-1, Akt, and Akt phosphorylation was performed using Western blotting. Serum levels of fasting insulin and glucose, triacylglycerols and total cholesterol, and LDL and HDL fractions were measured. An insulin tolerance test was also performed. Ingestion of a hyperlipidic diet promoted loss of insulin sensitivity and also resulted in a significant increase in body adiposity, plasma triacylglycerol, and glucose levels. In addition, GbE treatment significantly reduced food intake and body adiposity while it protected against hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in diet-induced obesity rats. It also enhanced insulin sensitivity in comparison to HFD+V rats, while it restored insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation, increased IRS-1, and reduced PTP-1B levels in gastrocnemius muscle. The present findings suggest that G. biloba might be efficient in preventing and treating obesity-induced insulin signaling impairment.}
doi = {10.1590/1414-431X20142983}
journal = {Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research}
issue = {9}
volume = {47}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Brazil}
year = {2014}
month = {Jul}
}