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The flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in plants: function and evolution

Journal Article:

Abstract

Flavonoids are a class of low molecular weight phenolic compounds that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom. They exhibit a diverse spectrum of biological functions and play an important role in the interaction between plants and their environment. Flavonoids not only protect the plant from the harmful effects of UV irradiation but also play a crucial role in the sexual reproduction process. A special class of flavonoid polymers, the tannins, plays a structural role in the plant. Yet other classes of flavonoids, flavonols and anthocyanins, have been implicated in the attraction of pollinators. Certain flavonoids participate in the interaction between plants and other organisms such as symbiotic bacteria and parasites. This raises the intriguing question as to how these different compounds arose and evolved. Based on taxonomy and molecular analysis of gene expression patterns it is possible to deduce a putative sequence of acquisition of the different branches of the biosynthetic pathway and their regulators. (author)
Authors:
Koes, R. E.; Quattrocchio, F.; Mol, J. N.M. [1] 
  1. Department of Genetics, Institute for Molecular Biological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, BioCentrum Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081HV, Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1994
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: BioEssays; Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: FAO/AGRIS record; ARN: GB9415171; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BACTERIA; BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS; BIOSYNTHESIS; FLAVONOIDS; GENES; IRRADIATION; MOLECULAR WEIGHT; PARASITES; PIGMENTS; PLANTS; POLYMERS; REPRODUCTION; TANNIC ACID
OSTI ID:
22403632
Country of Origin:
FAO
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0265-9247; TRN: XF15A4396109389
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 123-132
Announcement Date:
Nov 11, 2015

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Koes, R. E., Quattrocchio, F., and Mol, J. N.M. The flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in plants: function and evolution. FAO: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.1002/bies.950160209.
Koes, R. E., Quattrocchio, F., & Mol, J. N.M. The flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in plants: function and evolution. FAO. doi:10.1002/bies.950160209.
Koes, R. E., Quattrocchio, F., and Mol, J. N.M. 1994. "The flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in plants: function and evolution." FAO. doi:10.1002/bies.950160209. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1002/bies.950160209.
@misc{etde_22403632,
title = {The flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in plants: function and evolution}
author = {Koes, R. E., Quattrocchio, F., and Mol, J. N.M.}
abstractNote = {Flavonoids are a class of low molecular weight phenolic compounds that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom. They exhibit a diverse spectrum of biological functions and play an important role in the interaction between plants and their environment. Flavonoids not only protect the plant from the harmful effects of UV irradiation but also play a crucial role in the sexual reproduction process. A special class of flavonoid polymers, the tannins, plays a structural role in the plant. Yet other classes of flavonoids, flavonols and anthocyanins, have been implicated in the attraction of pollinators. Certain flavonoids participate in the interaction between plants and other organisms such as symbiotic bacteria and parasites. This raises the intriguing question as to how these different compounds arose and evolved. Based on taxonomy and molecular analysis of gene expression patterns it is possible to deduce a putative sequence of acquisition of the different branches of the biosynthetic pathway and their regulators. (author)}
doi = {10.1002/bies.950160209}
journal = {BioEssays}
issue = {2}
volume = {16}
journal type = {AC}
place = {FAO}
year = {1994}
month = {Jul}
}