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A small-scale eruption leading to a blowout macrospicule jet in an on-disk coronal hole

Abstract

We examine the three-dimensional magnetic structure and dynamics of a solar EUV-macrospicule jet that occurred on 2011 February 27 in an on-disk coronal hole. The observations are from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and the SDO Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI). The observations reveal that in this event, closed-field-carrying cool absorbing plasma, as in an erupting mini-filament, erupted and opened, forming a blowout jet. Contrary to some jet models, there was no substantial recently emerged, closed, bipolar-magnetic field in the base of the jet. Instead, over several hours, flux convergence and cancellation at the polarity inversion line inside an evolved arcade in the base apparently destabilized the entire arcade, including its cool-plasma-carrying core field, to undergo a blowout eruption in the manner of many standard-sized, arcade-blowout eruptions that produce a flare and coronal mass ejection. Internal reconnection made bright 'flare' loops over the polarity inversion line inside the blowing-out arcade field, and external reconnection of the blowing-out arcade field with an ambient open field made longer and dimmer EUV loops on the outside of the blowing-out arcade. That the loops made by the external reconnection were much larger than the loops made by the internal reconnection  More>>
Authors:
Adams, Mitzi; Sterling, Alphonse C.; Moore, Ronald L.; [1]  Gary, G. Allen, E-mail: mitzi.adams@nasa.gov, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: gag0002@uah.edu [2] 
  1. Space Science Office, ZP13, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)
  2. Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35805, USA. (United States)
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 2014
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 783; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CHROMOSPHERE; CONVERGENCE; ERUPTION; FILAMENTS; IMAGES; JET MODEL; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLASMA; SUN; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
OSTI ID:
22351374
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X; CODEN: ASJOAB; TRN: US15I0598057715
Availability:
Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11
Submitting Site:
USN
Size:
[13 page(s)]
Announcement Date:
Jul 17, 2015

Citation Formats

Adams, Mitzi, Sterling, Alphonse C., Moore, Ronald L., and Gary, G. Allen, E-mail: mitzi.adams@nasa.gov, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: gag0002@uah.edu. A small-scale eruption leading to a blowout macrospicule jet in an on-disk coronal hole. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11.
Adams, Mitzi, Sterling, Alphonse C., Moore, Ronald L., & Gary, G. Allen, E-mail: mitzi.adams@nasa.gov, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: gag0002@uah.edu. A small-scale eruption leading to a blowout macrospicule jet in an on-disk coronal hole. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11.
Adams, Mitzi, Sterling, Alphonse C., Moore, Ronald L., and Gary, G. Allen, E-mail: mitzi.adams@nasa.gov, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: gag0002@uah.edu. 2014. "A small-scale eruption leading to a blowout macrospicule jet in an on-disk coronal hole." United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11.
@misc{etde_22351374,
title = {A small-scale eruption leading to a blowout macrospicule jet in an on-disk coronal hole}
author = {Adams, Mitzi, Sterling, Alphonse C., Moore, Ronald L., and Gary, G. Allen, E-mail: mitzi.adams@nasa.gov, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: gag0002@uah.edu}
abstractNote = {We examine the three-dimensional magnetic structure and dynamics of a solar EUV-macrospicule jet that occurred on 2011 February 27 in an on-disk coronal hole. The observations are from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and the SDO Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI). The observations reveal that in this event, closed-field-carrying cool absorbing plasma, as in an erupting mini-filament, erupted and opened, forming a blowout jet. Contrary to some jet models, there was no substantial recently emerged, closed, bipolar-magnetic field in the base of the jet. Instead, over several hours, flux convergence and cancellation at the polarity inversion line inside an evolved arcade in the base apparently destabilized the entire arcade, including its cool-plasma-carrying core field, to undergo a blowout eruption in the manner of many standard-sized, arcade-blowout eruptions that produce a flare and coronal mass ejection. Internal reconnection made bright 'flare' loops over the polarity inversion line inside the blowing-out arcade field, and external reconnection of the blowing-out arcade field with an ambient open field made longer and dimmer EUV loops on the outside of the blowing-out arcade. That the loops made by the external reconnection were much larger than the loops made by the internal reconnection makes this event a new variety of blowout jet, a variety not recognized in previous observations and models of blowout jets.}
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/783/1/11}
journal = {Astrophysical Journal}
issue = {1}
volume = {783}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {2014}
month = {Mar}
}