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Stable carbon isotope composition (δ{sup 13}C), water use efficiency, and biomass productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon pennellii, and the F{sub 1} hybrid

Abstract

Three tomatoes, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv UC82B, a droughttolerant wild related species, Lycopersicon pennellii (Cor.) D'Arcy, and their F{sub 1}, hybrid, were grown in containers maintained at three levels of soil moisture. Season-long water use was obtained by summing over the season daily weight losses of each container corrected for soil evaporation. Plant biomass was determined by harvesting and weighing entire dried plants. Season-long water use efficiency (gram dry weight/kilogram H{sub 2}O) was calculated by dividing the dry biomass by the season-long water use. The season-long water use efficiency was greatest in the wild parent, poorest in the domestic parent, and intermediate (but closer to the wild parent) in the F, hybrid. Instantaneous water-use efficiency (micromole CO{sub 2}/millimole H{sub 2}O) determined by gas exchange measurements on individual leaves was poorly correlated with season-long water use efficiency. However, the relative abundance of stable carbon isotopes of leaf tissue samples was strongly correlated with the season-long water use efficiency. Also, the isotopic composition and the season-long water use efficiency of each genotype alone were strongly negatively correlated with plant dry weight when the dry weight varied as a function of soil moisture. (author)
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1988
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plant Physiology; Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: FAO/AGRIS record; ARN: US8861067; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ABUNDANCE; ANIMAL TISSUES; BIOMASS; CARBON; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBON ISOTOPES; EVAPORATION; FUNCTIONS; GENOTYPE; HARVESTING; HYBRIDIZATION; ISOTOPE RATIO; LEAVES; MOISTURE; PLANT TISSUES; PLANTS; PRODUCTIVITY; RADIOISOTOPES; SOILS; TOMATOES; WATER; WATER USE
OSTI ID:
22345484
Country of Origin:
FAO
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0032-0889; TRN: XF15A0830051818
Availability:
Also available on-line: http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/88/1/213.full.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 213-217
Announcement Date:
Jun 20, 2015

Citation Formats

Martin, B., and Thorstenson, Y. R. Stable carbon isotope composition (δ{sup 13}C), water use efficiency, and biomass productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon pennellii, and the F{sub 1} hybrid. FAO: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.1104/pp.88.1.213.
Martin, B., & Thorstenson, Y. R. Stable carbon isotope composition (δ{sup 13}C), water use efficiency, and biomass productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon pennellii, and the F{sub 1} hybrid. FAO. doi:10.1104/pp.88.1.213.
Martin, B., and Thorstenson, Y. R. 1988. "Stable carbon isotope composition (δ{sup 13}C), water use efficiency, and biomass productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon pennellii, and the F{sub 1} hybrid." FAO. doi:10.1104/pp.88.1.213. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1104/pp.88.1.213.
@misc{etde_22345484,
title = {Stable carbon isotope composition (δ{sup 13}C), water use efficiency, and biomass productivity of Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon pennellii, and the F{sub 1} hybrid}
author = {Martin, B., and Thorstenson, Y. R.}
abstractNote = {Three tomatoes, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv UC82B, a droughttolerant wild related species, Lycopersicon pennellii (Cor.) D'Arcy, and their F{sub 1}, hybrid, were grown in containers maintained at three levels of soil moisture. Season-long water use was obtained by summing over the season daily weight losses of each container corrected for soil evaporation. Plant biomass was determined by harvesting and weighing entire dried plants. Season-long water use efficiency (gram dry weight/kilogram H{sub 2}O) was calculated by dividing the dry biomass by the season-long water use. The season-long water use efficiency was greatest in the wild parent, poorest in the domestic parent, and intermediate (but closer to the wild parent) in the F, hybrid. Instantaneous water-use efficiency (micromole CO{sub 2}/millimole H{sub 2}O) determined by gas exchange measurements on individual leaves was poorly correlated with season-long water use efficiency. However, the relative abundance of stable carbon isotopes of leaf tissue samples was strongly correlated with the season-long water use efficiency. Also, the isotopic composition and the season-long water use efficiency of each genotype alone were strongly negatively correlated with plant dry weight when the dry weight varied as a function of soil moisture. (author)}
doi = {10.1104/pp.88.1.213}
journal = {Plant Physiology}
issue = {1}
volume = {88}
journal type = {AC}
place = {FAO}
year = {1988}
month = {Sep}
}