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Investigation of nuclear safety regulation and emergency preparedness for other countries

Abstract

This investigation was carried out on organization and a role of nuclear regulatory body in the U.S., France, Germany, the U.K., Korea and Canada. In addition, nuclear emergency preparedness in these countries was investigated. A summary of this investigation is shown below. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission in the U.S. and the Nuclear Safety Authority in France have respectively headquarters and regional offices. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has 4 regional offices and the Nuclear Safety Authority has 11 regional office. These regional offices are responsible primarily for the inspection of nuclear facilities. In Germany, the Federal Ministry of the Environment has delegated its regulatory authority to state governments, and the relevant department of each state government is in charge of inspection, oversight and approval of nuclear installations. In addition, in Korea, the U.S., and the U.K., the resident inspectors placed in each nuclear facility have the directed nuclear facilities. Meanwhile, Korea had changed its nuclear regulatory regime during this study period. The Nuclear Safety and Security Commission was newly established and took over from the Nuclear Safety Division of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. Regarding nuclear emergency preparedness system, it is secured that the public will be protected at  More>>
Authors:
Uematsu, Hitoshi; Kakuta, Akio; Yasuda, Makoto; [1]  Funahashi, Toshihiro [2] 
  1. Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Policy Planning and Coordination Department, Tokyo (Japan)
  2. Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Nuclear Emergency Response and Prepardness Department, Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Oct 15, 2012
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
JNES-RE-2012-0017
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 11 refs., 26 figs., 2 tabs.
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; CANADA; EMERGENCY PLANS; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; FRANCE; REACTOR SAFETY; REGULATIONS; REPUBLIC OF KOREA; UNITED KINGDOM; USA
OSTI ID:
22318577
Research Organizations:
Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: JP1500528024774
Availability:
Available from the Internet at URL http://www.nsr.go.jp/archive/jnes/content/000123748.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
136 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Apr 06, 2015

Citation Formats

Uematsu, Hitoshi, Kakuta, Akio, Yasuda, Makoto, and Funahashi, Toshihiro. Investigation of nuclear safety regulation and emergency preparedness for other countries. Japan: N. p., 2012. Web.
Uematsu, Hitoshi, Kakuta, Akio, Yasuda, Makoto, & Funahashi, Toshihiro. Investigation of nuclear safety regulation and emergency preparedness for other countries. Japan.
Uematsu, Hitoshi, Kakuta, Akio, Yasuda, Makoto, and Funahashi, Toshihiro. 2012. "Investigation of nuclear safety regulation and emergency preparedness for other countries." Japan.
@misc{etde_22318577,
title = {Investigation of nuclear safety regulation and emergency preparedness for other countries}
author = {Uematsu, Hitoshi, Kakuta, Akio, Yasuda, Makoto, and Funahashi, Toshihiro}
abstractNote = {This investigation was carried out on organization and a role of nuclear regulatory body in the U.S., France, Germany, the U.K., Korea and Canada. In addition, nuclear emergency preparedness in these countries was investigated. A summary of this investigation is shown below. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission in the U.S. and the Nuclear Safety Authority in France have respectively headquarters and regional offices. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has 4 regional offices and the Nuclear Safety Authority has 11 regional office. These regional offices are responsible primarily for the inspection of nuclear facilities. In Germany, the Federal Ministry of the Environment has delegated its regulatory authority to state governments, and the relevant department of each state government is in charge of inspection, oversight and approval of nuclear installations. In addition, in Korea, the U.S., and the U.K., the resident inspectors placed in each nuclear facility have the directed nuclear facilities. Meanwhile, Korea had changed its nuclear regulatory regime during this study period. The Nuclear Safety and Security Commission was newly established and took over from the Nuclear Safety Division of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. Regarding nuclear emergency preparedness system, it is secured that the public will be protected at the national level. And also the responding scheme and roles of regulatory agencies, operators, and the relevant ministries and agencies are identified. In addition, the licensee's responsibilities are defined. In France, existing organizations such as government organizations, governor who is appointed by the government and licensees respond to nuclear emergency. In Korea and the U.K., an emergency organization which consists of existing organizations are established and coped with nuclear emergency. In the U.S., Germany and Canada that have a federal system, the roles of state governments and the federal government are identified, in the emergency, state governments are respond to the public protection. In the U.S., the role of the responding of large-scale disasters including terrorist attacks, are defined by National Response Framework (NRF) and National Incident Management System (NIMS), Nuclear Regulatory Commission, performs the responding advice to licensee and state government in the nuclear emergency. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) supports of state government activities. In the case of the damage extending to several states, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) mainly exercises jurisdiction over the whole of responding. In the case of Canada, the Health Canada and the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission take responsibility for the control of responding to nuclear emergency. On the other hand, state government basically cope with nuclear emergency in Germany, but if the nuclear emergency affects multiple states, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety controls designated state agencies. (author)}
place = {Japan}
year = {2012}
month = {Oct}
}