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Strengthening DiD in Emergency Preparedness and Response by Pre-Establishing Tools and Criteria for the Effective Protection of the Public During a Severe Emergency at a Light Water Reactor or its Spent Fuel Pool

Abstract

Defence in depth can be divided into two parts: first, to prevent accidents and, second, if prevention fails, to limit their consequences and prevent any evolution to more serious conditions. This paper will cover the second part, by providing tools and criteria to be used during a severe emergency to limit the consequences to the public from a severe accident. Severe radiation-induced consequences among the public off-site are only possible if there is significant damage to fuel in the reactor core or spent fuel pools. Consequently, the tools and criteria have been specifically developed for individuals responsible for making and for acting on decisions to protect the public in the event of an emergency involving actual or projected severe damage to the fuel in the reactor core or spent fuel pool of a light water reactor (LWR). These tools and criteria, developed by the IAEA’s Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC), will facilitate the implementation of the ‘Emergency Response’ defence in depth concept. (author)
Authors:
Mckenna, T.; Welter, P. Vilar; Callen, J.; Buglova, E., E-mail: T.Mckenna@iaea.org [1] 
  1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Vienna (Austria)
Publication Date:
Oct 15, 2014
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-TECDOC-CD-1749
Resource Relation:
Conference: 5. International Conference on Topical Issues in Nuclear Installation Safety: Defence in Depth - Advances and Challenges for Nuclear Installation Safety, Vienna (Austria), 21-24 Oct 2013; Other Information: 16 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.; Related Information: In: International Conference on Topical Issues in Nuclear Installation Safety: Defence in Depth — Advances and Challenges for Nuclear Installation Safety. Proceedings of an International Conference held in Vienna, Austria, 21-24 October 2013| 353 p.
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; DAMAGE; EMERGENCY PLANS; FUEL ELEMENT FAILURE; IAEA; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; RADIATION PROTECTION; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; REACTOR CORES; SPENT FUEL STORAGE; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS
OSTI ID:
22318521
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Safety Assessment Section, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-92-0-158214-0; ISSN 1684-2073; TRN: XA14M7037024718
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/TE-1749_CD_web.pdf and on 1 CD-ROM from IAEA, Marketing and Sales Unit, Publishing Section, E-mail: sales.publications@iaea.org; Web site: http://www.iaea.org/books
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 136-142
Announcement Date:
Mar 21, 2015

Citation Formats

Mckenna, T., Welter, P. Vilar, Callen, J., and Buglova, E., E-mail: T.Mckenna@iaea.org. Strengthening DiD in Emergency Preparedness and Response by Pre-Establishing Tools and Criteria for the Effective Protection of the Public During a Severe Emergency at a Light Water Reactor or its Spent Fuel Pool. IAEA: N. p., 2014. Web.
Mckenna, T., Welter, P. Vilar, Callen, J., & Buglova, E., E-mail: T.Mckenna@iaea.org. Strengthening DiD in Emergency Preparedness and Response by Pre-Establishing Tools and Criteria for the Effective Protection of the Public During a Severe Emergency at a Light Water Reactor or its Spent Fuel Pool. IAEA.
Mckenna, T., Welter, P. Vilar, Callen, J., and Buglova, E., E-mail: T.Mckenna@iaea.org. 2014. "Strengthening DiD in Emergency Preparedness and Response by Pre-Establishing Tools and Criteria for the Effective Protection of the Public During a Severe Emergency at a Light Water Reactor or its Spent Fuel Pool." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22318521,
title = {Strengthening DiD in Emergency Preparedness and Response by Pre-Establishing Tools and Criteria for the Effective Protection of the Public During a Severe Emergency at a Light Water Reactor or its Spent Fuel Pool}
author = {Mckenna, T., Welter, P. Vilar, Callen, J., and Buglova, E., E-mail: T.Mckenna@iaea.org}
abstractNote = {Defence in depth can be divided into two parts: first, to prevent accidents and, second, if prevention fails, to limit their consequences and prevent any evolution to more serious conditions. This paper will cover the second part, by providing tools and criteria to be used during a severe emergency to limit the consequences to the public from a severe accident. Severe radiation-induced consequences among the public off-site are only possible if there is significant damage to fuel in the reactor core or spent fuel pools. Consequently, the tools and criteria have been specifically developed for individuals responsible for making and for acting on decisions to protect the public in the event of an emergency involving actual or projected severe damage to the fuel in the reactor core or spent fuel pool of a light water reactor (LWR). These tools and criteria, developed by the IAEA’s Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC), will facilitate the implementation of the ‘Emergency Response’ defence in depth concept. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2014}
month = {Oct}
}