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Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas

Abstract

Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.
Authors:
Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Jae Hoon; Gwak, Kyung Hyun; [1]  Choe, Kun Hyung [2] 
  1. Hong Ik University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul, 121-791 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Korea Gas Corporation, Incheon, 406-130 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
Jan 29, 2014
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1573; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Cryogenic engineering conference, Anchorage, AK (United States), 17-21 Jun 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CAPACITY; EFFICIENCY; HEAT EXCHANGERS; LIQUEFACTION; NATURAL GAS; NITROGEN; PROPANE; REFRIGERANTS; REFRIGERATION; REGENERATION; SIMULATION
OSTI ID:
22262752
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X; CODEN: APCPCS; TRN: US14A7011083979
Submitting Site:
USN
Size:
page(s) 1652-1657
Announcement Date:
Sep 16, 2014

Citation Formats

Chang, Ho-Myung, Park, Jae Hoon, Gwak, Kyung Hyun, and Choe, Kun Hyung. Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4860905.
Chang, Ho-Myung, Park, Jae Hoon, Gwak, Kyung Hyun, & Choe, Kun Hyung. Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4860905.
Chang, Ho-Myung, Park, Jae Hoon, Gwak, Kyung Hyun, and Choe, Kun Hyung. 2014. "Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas." United States. doi:10.1063/1.4860905. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1063/1.4860905.
@misc{etde_22262752,
title = {Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas}
author = {Chang, Ho-Myung, Park, Jae Hoon, Gwak, Kyung Hyun, and Choe, Kun Hyung}
abstractNote = {Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.}
doi = {10.1063/1.4860905}
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings}
issue = {1}
volume = {1573}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {2014}
month = {Jan}
}