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Geiger-Muller (GM) counters. Associated circuits and counting techniques; Les compteurs de Geiger-Muller (GM). Les circuits associes et techniques de comptage

Technical Report:

Abstract

This article presents the Geiger-Muller counters which present the great benefit of being simple and steady in comparison with other known sensors. The authors propose an overview of problems related to the use of Geiger-Muller counters (GM counters). They first describe their operation (discharge initiation, discharge propagation, collection of positive ions and current in the counter). They discuss their limitations which are related to the migration delay of primary electrons and positive ions. They describe the operation circuit for counters with organic vapour, and for counters associated with counters using halogens. They address the main properties of GM counters, and the different factors to be taken into account when using them to count radioactive sources. The main types of GM counters are then described (they are used to measure different types of radiation). Measurement techniques are discussed for beta radiation (relationship between the number of disintegrations and the noticed counting rate, case of backscattering, absorption and diffusion in the counter window and in the air, influence of absorption and backscattering in the source), for alpha radiation, and for gamma radiation.
Authors:
Benoit, A.; Picard, E. [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1954
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-0339
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 16 refs.; Pre-print of a paper published in the Aug-Sep 1954 issue of 'l'Onde Electrique' Journal; Available from the INIS Liaison Officer for France, see the 'INIS contacts' section of the INIS website for current contact and E-mail addresses: http://www.iaea.org/inis/Contacts/
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ALPHA PARTICLES; BETA PARTICLES; COUNTING TECHNIQUES; FLOW COUNTERS; GAMMA RADIATION; GEIGER-MUELLER COUNTERS; HALOGENS; MEASURING METHODS; MIGRATION LENGTH; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; RADIATION DETECTION; VAPORS
OSTI ID:
22240196
Research Organizations:
Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR1401089061293
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
14 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Jun 12, 2014

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Benoit, A., and Picard, E. Geiger-Muller (GM) counters. Associated circuits and counting techniques; Les compteurs de Geiger-Muller (GM). Les circuits associes et techniques de comptage. France: N. p., 1954. Web.
Benoit, A., & Picard, E. Geiger-Muller (GM) counters. Associated circuits and counting techniques; Les compteurs de Geiger-Muller (GM). Les circuits associes et techniques de comptage. France.
Benoit, A., and Picard, E. 1954. "Geiger-Muller (GM) counters. Associated circuits and counting techniques; Les compteurs de Geiger-Muller (GM). Les circuits associes et techniques de comptage." France.
@misc{etde_22240196,
title = {Geiger-Muller (GM) counters. Associated circuits and counting techniques; Les compteurs de Geiger-Muller (GM). Les circuits associes et techniques de comptage}
author = {Benoit, A., and Picard, E.}
abstractNote = {This article presents the Geiger-Muller counters which present the great benefit of being simple and steady in comparison with other known sensors. The authors propose an overview of problems related to the use of Geiger-Muller counters (GM counters). They first describe their operation (discharge initiation, discharge propagation, collection of positive ions and current in the counter). They discuss their limitations which are related to the migration delay of primary electrons and positive ions. They describe the operation circuit for counters with organic vapour, and for counters associated with counters using halogens. They address the main properties of GM counters, and the different factors to be taken into account when using them to count radioactive sources. The main types of GM counters are then described (they are used to measure different types of radiation). Measurement techniques are discussed for beta radiation (relationship between the number of disintegrations and the noticed counting rate, case of backscattering, absorption and diffusion in the counter window and in the air, influence of absorption and backscattering in the source), for alpha radiation, and for gamma radiation.}
place = {France}
year = {1954}
month = {Jul}
}