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The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414

Conference:

Abstract

The authors consider a situation in which there is a risk of the population being seriously exposed to radiation through the accidental entry of radioactive material into the environment. The specific features of the situation under consideration are such that the appropriate protective measures can only be effective if implemented in time, i.e. within the first few hours or days of the emergency. Hence a programme providing for protection of the population against radiation in an emergency should include (a) methods by which the dosimetric information required for a rapid evaluation of the potential radiation hazard can be promptly obtained, and (b) criteria for the . adoption of urgent measures, i.e., the levels of radioactive contamination or irradiation justifying or not justifying the need for the implementation of specific protective measures. The authors make recommendations (draft regulations) on which to base such decisions. The criterion for the decisions is based on two hazard levels (A and B) for each of the irradiation paths, potentially significant in the given situation: external and contact irradiation, inhalation, and contamination of foodstuffs. Decisions to adopt immediate protective measures should be based on a comparison between the evaluated (predicted) hazard levels and the critical levels,  More>>
Authors:
Dikobes, I. K.; Il'In, L. A.; Kozlov, V. M.; Moiseev, A. A.; [1]  Konstantinov, Ju. O.; Tarasov, S. I.; Shamov, V. P. [2] 
  1. Ministerstvo Zdravoohranenija SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)
  2. Nauchno-Issledovatel'skij Institut Radiacionnoj Gigieny Ministerstva Zdravoohranenija RSFSR, Leningrad, SSSR (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Oct 15, 1969
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-SM-119/48
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on the Handling of Radiation Accidents, Vienna (Austria), 19-23 May 1969; Other Information: 13 refs., 3 tabs.; Related Information: In: Handling of Radiation Accidents. Proceedings of a Symposium on the Handling of Radiation Accidents| 728 p.
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; CONTAMINATION; FOOD; IMPLEMENTATION; INHALATION; IRRADIATION; MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE LEVEL; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVITY; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; RECOMMENDATIONS
OSTI ID:
22208196
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
Russian
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M3906029108
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 547-558
Announcement Date:
Mar 22, 2014

Conference:

Citation Formats

Dikobes, I. K., Il'In, L. A., Kozlov, V. M., Moiseev, A. A., Konstantinov, Ju. O., Tarasov, S. I., and Shamov, V. P. The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414. IAEA: N. p., 1969. Web.
Dikobes, I. K., Il'In, L. A., Kozlov, V. M., Moiseev, A. A., Konstantinov, Ju. O., Tarasov, S. I., & Shamov, V. P. The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414. IAEA.
Dikobes, I. K., Il'In, L. A., Kozlov, V. M., Moiseev, A. A., Konstantinov, Ju. O., Tarasov, S. I., and Shamov, V. P. 1969. "The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22208196,
title = {The Adoption of Urgent Measures to Protect the Population in the Event of an Accidental Release of Radioactivity into the Environment; 041f 0420 0414}
author = {Dikobes, I. K., Il'In, L. A., Kozlov, V. M., Moiseev, A. A., Konstantinov, Ju. O., Tarasov, S. I., and Shamov, V. P.}
abstractNote = {The authors consider a situation in which there is a risk of the population being seriously exposed to radiation through the accidental entry of radioactive material into the environment. The specific features of the situation under consideration are such that the appropriate protective measures can only be effective if implemented in time, i.e. within the first few hours or days of the emergency. Hence a programme providing for protection of the population against radiation in an emergency should include (a) methods by which the dosimetric information required for a rapid evaluation of the potential radiation hazard can be promptly obtained, and (b) criteria for the . adoption of urgent measures, i.e., the levels of radioactive contamination or irradiation justifying or not justifying the need for the implementation of specific protective measures. The authors make recommendations (draft regulations) on which to base such decisions. The criterion for the decisions is based on two hazard levels (A and B) for each of the irradiation paths, potentially significant in the given situation: external and contact irradiation, inhalation, and contamination of foodstuffs. Decisions to adopt immediate protective measures should be based on a comparison between the evaluated (predicted) hazard levels and the critical levels, defined as those hazard levels at which implementation of the protective measures under consideration is (A) desirable or (B) obligatory, irrespective of the specific circumstances. Figures for the critical levels are chosen with regard to the specific nature of the situation and protective measures, maximum permissible levels for occupational exposure, and known information on the biological risk of certain exposure levels. (author) [Russian] Rassmatrivaetsja takaja situacija, kogda v rezul'tate avarijnogo postuplenija radioaktivnyh veshhestv vo vneshnjuju sredu sozdaetsja opasnost' sushhestvennogo obluchenija naselenija. Specifika rassmatrivaemoj situacii takova, chto sootvetstvujushhie mery zashhity jeffektivny lish' v tom sluchae, esli oni predprinimajutsja vovremja, v pervye chasy ili dni situacii. Pojetomu programma obespechenija radiacionnoj zashhity naselenija pri avarijnoj situacii dolzhna vkljuchat' (a) metody bystrogo poluchenija dozimetricheskoj informacii, neobhodimoj dlja jekstrennoj ocenki potencial'noj radiacionnoj opasnosti, (b) kriterij dlja prinjatija neotlozhnyh reshenij, t.e. urovni radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija ili obluchenija, argumentirujushhie neobhodimost' jekstrennogo vypolnenija konkretnyh mer zashhity ili otsutstvie takoj neobhodimosti. Privodjatsja rekomendacii (proekt ukazanij) po prinjatiju reshenij. Kriteriem dlja prinjatija reshenij sluzhat dva urovnja opasnosti (A i B) po kazhdomu iz putej obluchenija, potencial'no sushhestvennyh pri rassmatrivaemoj situacii: vneshnee i kontaktnoe obluchenie, ingaljacija, zagrjaznenie produktov pitanija. Reshenija ob jekstrennom vypolnenii mer zashhity sleduet prinimat' na osnovanii sravnenija ocenennyh (prognozirovannyh) urovnej opasnosti s urovnjami kriterija, kotorye opredeljajutsja kak takie urovni opasnosti, pri kotoryh vypolnenie sootvetstvujushhih mer zashhity zhelatel'no (A) ili objazatel'no, nezavisimo ot konkretnyh obstojatel'stv (B). Chislennye znachenija urovnej kriterija vybrany s uchetom specifiki situacii i mer zashhity, predel'no dopustimyh urovnej professional'nogo obluchenija i izvestnyh svedenij o biologicheskom riske opredelennyh urovnej obluchenija. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1969}
month = {Oct}
}