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Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emission and oil use in an EU context

Abstract

Swedish energy strategies for transportation, space heating and pulp industries were evaluated with a focus on bioenergy use. The aims were to 1) study trade-offs between reductions in CO{sub 2} emission and oil use and between Swedish reductions and EU reductions, 2) compare the potential contributions of individual reduction measures, 3) quantify the total CO{sub 2} emission and oil use reduction potentials. Swedish energy efficiency measures reduced EU CO{sub 2} emission by 45-59 Mt CO{sub 2}/a, at current biomass use and constant oil use. Doubling Swedish bioenergy use yielded an additional 40 Mt CO{sub 2}/a reduction. Oil use could be reduced, but 36-81 kt of reductions in CO{sub 2} emission would be lost per PJ of oil use reduction. Swedish fossil fuel use within the studied sectors could be nearly eliminated. The expansion of district heating and cogeneration of heat with a high electricity yield were important measures. Plug-in hybrid electric cars reduced CO{sub 2} emission compared with conventional cars, and the difference was larger with increasing oil scarcity. The introduction of black liquor gasification in pulp mills also gave large CO{sub 2} emission reduction. Motor fuel from biomass was found to be a feasible option when coal is the  More>>
Authors:
Joelsson, Jonas; [1]  Gustavsson, Leif [2] 
  1. Ecotechnology and Environmental Science, Mid Sweden University, SE-831 25 Oestersund (Sweden)
  2. Linnaeus University, SE-351 95 Vaexjoe (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Jul 15, 2012
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy (Oxford); Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 2. international meeting on cleaner combustion (CM0901-Detailed Chemical Models for Cleaner Combustion), Zaragoza (Spain), 7-9 Sep 2011; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; BIOMASS; CARBON DIOXIDE; COAL; COGENERATION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DISTRICT HEATING; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY POLICY; ENERGY SURPLUSES; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; GASIFICATION; LIMITING VALUES; OILS; POWER GENERATION; SLURRIES; SPACE HEATING; SPENT LIQUORS; SWEDEN
OSTI ID:
22203845
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-5442; CODEN: ENEYDS; Other: PII: S0360-5442(12)00253-8; TRN: GB12R5825024757
Availability:
Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.03.050
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 448-468
Announcement Date:
Mar 14, 2014

Citation Formats

Joelsson, Jonas, and Gustavsson, Leif. Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emission and oil use in an EU context. United Kingdom: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.050.
Joelsson, Jonas, & Gustavsson, Leif. Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emission and oil use in an EU context. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.050.
Joelsson, Jonas, and Gustavsson, Leif. 2012. "Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emission and oil use in an EU context." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.050. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.050.
@misc{etde_22203845,
title = {Swedish biomass strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emission and oil use in an EU context}
author = {Joelsson, Jonas, and Gustavsson, Leif}
abstractNote = {Swedish energy strategies for transportation, space heating and pulp industries were evaluated with a focus on bioenergy use. The aims were to 1) study trade-offs between reductions in CO{sub 2} emission and oil use and between Swedish reductions and EU reductions, 2) compare the potential contributions of individual reduction measures, 3) quantify the total CO{sub 2} emission and oil use reduction potentials. Swedish energy efficiency measures reduced EU CO{sub 2} emission by 45-59 Mt CO{sub 2}/a, at current biomass use and constant oil use. Doubling Swedish bioenergy use yielded an additional 40 Mt CO{sub 2}/a reduction. Oil use could be reduced, but 36-81 kt of reductions in CO{sub 2} emission would be lost per PJ of oil use reduction. Swedish fossil fuel use within the studied sectors could be nearly eliminated. The expansion of district heating and cogeneration of heat with a high electricity yield were important measures. Plug-in hybrid electric cars reduced CO{sub 2} emission compared with conventional cars, and the difference was larger with increasing oil scarcity. The introduction of black liquor gasification in pulp mills also gave large CO{sub 2} emission reduction. Motor fuel from biomass was found to be a feasible option when coal is the marginal fuel for fossil motor fuel production. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bioenergy is compared to optimized fossil fuel use under different oil availability constraints. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Swedish strategies are evaluated with respect to CO{sub 2} emission and oil use reduction within Sweden and the EU. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Efficiency measures give the largest reductions but increased bioenergy use is also important. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer District heating expansion, high electricity yield CHP, increased vehicle efficiency and PHEVs are important options. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The studied sectors in Sweden could become nearly fossil-fuel free and yield an energy surplus.}
doi = {10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.050}
journal = {Energy (Oxford)}
issue = {1}
volume = {43}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {2012}
month = {Jul}
}