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Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and oil use by DME (di-methyl ether) and FT (Fischer-Tropsch) diesel production in chemical pulp mills

Abstract

Using energy systems analysis, we examine the potential to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and oil use by integrating motor biofuel production with pulp mills. BLG-DME (black liquor gasification with di-methyl ether production) is compared with solid biomass gasification with BIG-FT (solid biomass gasification with Fischer-Tropsch fuel production). The studied systems are expanded with stand-alone production of biomass-based electricity and motor fuel so that they yield the same functional unit in terms of motor fuel and electricity as well as pulp or paper product, in order to facilitate comparison. More motor biofuel can be produced in integration with the studied mills with BLG-DME than with BIG-FT because the black liquor flow is large compared with other fuel streams in the mill and the integration potential for BIG-FT is limited by the mill's heat demand. When both systems are required to produce the same functional unit, the BLG-DME system achieves higher system efficiency and larger reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions and oil use per unit of biomass consumed. In general, integration of motor biofuel production with a pulp mill is more efficient than stand-alone motor biofuel production. Larger reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions or oil use can, however, be achieved if biomass  More>>
Authors:
Joelsson, Jonas M., E-mail: joelsson.jonas@hotmail.com; [1]  Gustavsson, Leif [2] 
  1. Ecotechnology and Environmental Science, Mid Sweden University, SE-831 25 Oestersund (Sweden)
  2. Linnaeus University, SE- 351 95 Vaexjoe (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 2012
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy (Oxford); Journal Volume: 39; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; BIOFUELS; BIOMASS; CARBON DIOXIDE; COAL; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DME; ELECTRICITY; ENERGY DEMAND; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY SYSTEMS; GASIFICATION; GREENHOUSE GASES; METHYL ETHER; OILS; SLURRIES; SPENT LIQUORS
OSTI ID:
22203757
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-5442; CODEN: ENEYDS; Other: PII: S0360-5442(12)00006-0; TRN: GB12R5737024669
Availability:
Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.01.001
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 363-374
Announcement Date:
Mar 14, 2014

Citation Formats

Joelsson, Jonas M., E-mail: joelsson.jonas@hotmail.com, and Gustavsson, Leif. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and oil use by DME (di-methyl ether) and FT (Fischer-Tropsch) diesel production in chemical pulp mills. United Kingdom: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.01.001.
Joelsson, Jonas M., E-mail: joelsson.jonas@hotmail.com, & Gustavsson, Leif. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and oil use by DME (di-methyl ether) and FT (Fischer-Tropsch) diesel production in chemical pulp mills. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.01.001.
Joelsson, Jonas M., E-mail: joelsson.jonas@hotmail.com, and Gustavsson, Leif. 2012. "Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and oil use by DME (di-methyl ether) and FT (Fischer-Tropsch) diesel production in chemical pulp mills." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.01.001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.01.001.
@misc{etde_22203757,
title = {Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and oil use by DME (di-methyl ether) and FT (Fischer-Tropsch) diesel production in chemical pulp mills}
author = {Joelsson, Jonas M., E-mail: joelsson.jonas@hotmail.com, and Gustavsson, Leif}
abstractNote = {Using energy systems analysis, we examine the potential to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and oil use by integrating motor biofuel production with pulp mills. BLG-DME (black liquor gasification with di-methyl ether production) is compared with solid biomass gasification with BIG-FT (solid biomass gasification with Fischer-Tropsch fuel production). The studied systems are expanded with stand-alone production of biomass-based electricity and motor fuel so that they yield the same functional unit in terms of motor fuel and electricity as well as pulp or paper product, in order to facilitate comparison. More motor biofuel can be produced in integration with the studied mills with BLG-DME than with BIG-FT because the black liquor flow is large compared with other fuel streams in the mill and the integration potential for BIG-FT is limited by the mill's heat demand. When both systems are required to produce the same functional unit, the BLG-DME system achieves higher system efficiency and larger reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions and oil use per unit of biomass consumed. In general, integration of motor biofuel production with a pulp mill is more efficient than stand-alone motor biofuel production. Larger reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions or oil use can, however, be achieved if biomass replaces coal or oil in stationary applications. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CO{sub 2} emission and oil use reductions quantified for pulp mill-based biorefineries. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Black liquor gasification gives larger reductions than solid biomass gasification. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lower mill steam demand increases the black liquor gasification advantage. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Biomass directly replacing coal or oil in stationary plants gives larger reductions.}
doi = {10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.01.001}
journal = {Energy (Oxford)}
issue = {1}
volume = {39}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {2012}
month = {Mar}
}