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Problems Arising from Disposal of Low-Activity Radioactive Waste in the Coastal Waters of the Netherlands; Problemes Poses par l'Evacuation des dechets de Faible Radioactivite dans les Eaux Cotieres des Pays-Bas; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Plantea la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos de Baja Actividad en las Aguas Costeras de los Paises Bajos

Abstract

Low-activity waste discharged in coastal waters will find its way into the marine food chain in two entirely different ways: 1. Adsorption to the surface of plankton organisms and adsorption to silt particles. In the latter case, fish and other creatures may ingest the loaded particles with their regular food. If the elements under consideration are not of primary biological importance to the organisms concerned, accumulation will not increase geometrically. Much of the radioactive material attached to ingested silt particles will leave the organisms later. 2. Accumulation through active uptake of elements collected in dissolved state by shell-bearing organisms. Copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt and the like are accumulated very strongly by shell-forming creatures like molluscs, and are stored in the connective tissues. If a part worth mentioning of these elements is of a radioactive nature, accumulation could attain alarming levels. Shrimps, Dover soles, plaice, and mussels being the main fishery products in the vicinity of the pipeline planned for the Netherlands centre for reactor research, noticeable accumulation of radioactive waste in these organisms should be prevented. The special international position of the Netherlands fish market requires extra care, and migration of fishes and shrimps makes it impossible to avoid a  More>>
Authors:
Korringa, P. [1] 
  1. Netherlands Institute for Fishery Investigations, Ijmuiden (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1960
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Monaco (Monaco), 16-21 Nov 1959; Related Information: In: Disposal of Radioactive Wastes. Vol. II. Proceedings of the Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes| 586 p.
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ADSORPTION; BUILDUP; COASTAL WATERS; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; FOOD CHAINS; MUSSELS; PLAICE; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SHRIMP
OSTI ID:
22192402
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris (France); Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (Italy)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M3526016891
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 51-56
Announcement Date:
Feb 20, 2014

Citation Formats

Korringa, P. Problems Arising from Disposal of Low-Activity Radioactive Waste in the Coastal Waters of the Netherlands; Problemes Poses par l'Evacuation des dechets de Faible Radioactivite dans les Eaux Cotieres des Pays-Bas; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Plantea la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos de Baja Actividad en las Aguas Costeras de los Paises Bajos. IAEA: N. p., 1960. Web.
Korringa, P. Problems Arising from Disposal of Low-Activity Radioactive Waste in the Coastal Waters of the Netherlands; Problemes Poses par l'Evacuation des dechets de Faible Radioactivite dans les Eaux Cotieres des Pays-Bas; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Plantea la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos de Baja Actividad en las Aguas Costeras de los Paises Bajos. IAEA.
Korringa, P. 1960. "Problems Arising from Disposal of Low-Activity Radioactive Waste in the Coastal Waters of the Netherlands; Problemes Poses par l'Evacuation des dechets de Faible Radioactivite dans les Eaux Cotieres des Pays-Bas; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Plantea la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos de Baja Actividad en las Aguas Costeras de los Paises Bajos." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22192402,
title = {Problems Arising from Disposal of Low-Activity Radioactive Waste in the Coastal Waters of the Netherlands; Problemes Poses par l'Evacuation des dechets de Faible Radioactivite dans les Eaux Cotieres des Pays-Bas; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Plantea la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos de Baja Actividad en las Aguas Costeras de los Paises Bajos}
author = {Korringa, P.}
abstractNote = {Low-activity waste discharged in coastal waters will find its way into the marine food chain in two entirely different ways: 1. Adsorption to the surface of plankton organisms and adsorption to silt particles. In the latter case, fish and other creatures may ingest the loaded particles with their regular food. If the elements under consideration are not of primary biological importance to the organisms concerned, accumulation will not increase geometrically. Much of the radioactive material attached to ingested silt particles will leave the organisms later. 2. Accumulation through active uptake of elements collected in dissolved state by shell-bearing organisms. Copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt and the like are accumulated very strongly by shell-forming creatures like molluscs, and are stored in the connective tissues. If a part worth mentioning of these elements is of a radioactive nature, accumulation could attain alarming levels. Shrimps, Dover soles, plaice, and mussels being the main fishery products in the vicinity of the pipeline planned for the Netherlands centre for reactor research, noticeable accumulation of radioactive waste in these organisms should be prevented. The special international position of the Netherlands fish market requires extra care, and migration of fishes and shrimps makes it impossible to avoid a contaminated area. (author) [French] Les dechets de faible radioactivite evacues dans les eaux cotieres atteindront le milieu biologique marin par deux voies totalement distinctes: 1. Adsorption par le plancton et adsorption par les particules sedimentaires. Dans ce dernier cas, les poissons et autres animaux peuvent ingerer les particules chargees avec leur nourriture habituelle. Si les elements en question ne presentent pas pour ces organismes une grande importance biologique, la quantite accumulee ne croitra pas dans une proportion geometrique. Une grande partie des produits radioactifs fixes sur les particules sedimentaires ingerees sera par la suite eliminee. 2. Accumulation a la suite de l'absorption d'elements dissous par les testa- ces et crustaces. Le cuivre, le zinc, le manganese, le cobalt, etc., sont fortement accumules par les testaces tels que les mollusques et emmagasines dans les tissus cellulaires conjonctifs. Si une partie tant soit peu importante de ces elements est de nature radioactive, son accumulation peut atteindre des niveaux alarmants. Comme les crevettes, soles, plies et moules constituent le principal produit de la peche a proximite du tuyau d'ecoulement du Centre de recherche neerlandais sur les reacteurs, il faudrait empecher une accumulation sensible de dechets radioactifs dans ces organismes. La position internationale particuliere qu'occupe le marche du poisson neerlandais exige des precautions speciales ; en raison de la migration des poissons et crevettes, il est impossible d'eviter la zone contaminee. (author) [Spanish] Los desechos radiactivos de baja actividad que se evacuan en las aguas costeras entraran en el 'ciclo marino de alimentacion' de dos maneras completamente distintas. 1. Adsorcion a la superficie de los organismos del plankton y adsorcion a las particulas de fango. En este ultimo caso los peces y demas animales ingeriran posiblemente las particulas cargadas al alimentarse. Si los elementos en cuestion no son de importancia biologica primaria para sus organismos, la acumulacion no se incrementara en proporcion geometrica. Gran parte de los productos radiactivos unidos a las particulas de fango ingeridas saldran mas tarde de sus organismos. 2. Acumulacion por asimilacion de elementos captados, cuando estaban disueltos, por organismos provistos de caparazon. El cobre, el zinc, el manganeso, el cobalto y otros metales se acumulan en elevado grado de concentracion en los caparazones fabricados por algunos animales, como los moluscos, y quedan almacenados en su tejido conjunctivo. Si una parte apreciable de estos elementos es de caracter radiactivo, la acumulacion puede alcanzar niveles alarmantes. Dado que los principales productos de pesqueria que se obtienen en las proximidades de la conduccion de descarga proyectada para el centro holandes de investigacion sobre reactores son los camarones, lenguados platijas y mejillones, habria que evitar que se produjese una acumulacion apreciable de desechos radiactivos en estos animales. La peculiar situacion internacional del mercado pesquero de los Paises Bajos exige particular cuidado, y la migracion de peces y camarones impide el evitar que exista una zona contaminada. (author) [Russian] Radioaktivnye othody s nizkoj aktivnost'ju, otvedennye v pribrezhnye vody, budut vkljuchat'sja v morskoj ''pishhevoj obmen'' dvumja sovershenno razlichnymi putjami. 1. Adsorbcija na poverhnosti planktonovyh organizmov i adsorbcija na chasticy ila. V poslednem sluchae ryby i drugie sushhestva mogut zaglotit' zagrjaznennye chastichki so svoej obychnoj pishhej. V tom sluchae, kogda rassmatrivaemye jelementy ne igrajut pervostepennoj biologicheskoj roli dlja dannyh organizmov, akkumuljacija ne budet vozrastat' v geometricheskoj progressij. Bol'shaja chast' radioaktivnogo materiala, proglochennogo vmeste s chasticami ila, pozdnee pokinet organizm. 2. Akkumuljacija cherez aktivnoe usvoenie jelementov, sobiraemyh v sostojanii rastvora organizmami, kotorye nosjat na sebe obolochki. Med', cink, marganec, kobal't i t.p. jelementy akkumulirujutsja v znachitel'noj stepeni sushhestvami, kotorye sozdajut sebe pokrytie, takimi kak moljuski, i sohranjajutsja v soedinitel'nyh tkanjah. Esli chast' takih jelementov javljaetsja radioaktivnoj, akkumuljacija mozhet dostignut' opasnyh predelov. Krevetki, morskie jazyki, kambala i dvustvorchatye rakoviny, javljajutsja osnovnym rybnym produktom v rajone, prilegajushhem k planiruemomu truboprovodu Datskogo centra po issledovaniju reaktorov, i sleduet predotvratit' znachitel'nuju akkumuljaciju radioaktivnyh othodov v jetih organizmah. Osoboe mezhdunarodnoe polozhenie niderlandskogo rybnogo rynka trebuet chrezvychajnoj ostorozhnosti, a migracija ryby i krevetok ne pozvoljaet izbegat' zagrjaznjaemogo rajona. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1960}
month = {Jul}
}