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Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos

Conference:

Abstract

In the United Kingdom authorizations to discharge radioactive wastes are granted by the Minister of Housing and Local Government, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and by the Secretary of State for Scotland. The hazards arising from contamination of aquatic animals and plants concern the Department of Fisheries ; before authorizations to discharge liquid wastes have been given, the Department has made independent forecasts of permissible levels of discharge based on extensive studies carried out in its research vessels and radiobiological laboratory: for example, where fish have been affected this has meant studies of fish populations and fish migration: uptake of radioactivity by fish : public consumption of fish : commercial distribution of affected fish: L.D.{sub 50}: effects of radiation on tissue, etc. In the course of such work there has been close consultation with the Atomic Energy Authority, and agreement with the Atomic Energy Authority about the safety factor to be incorporated during the first two years of discharge. During these two years, monitoring data collected by the Atomic Energy Authority and the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food enable checks and revisions of the original estimates to be made, and at the end of that time formal  More>>
Authors:
Morgan, F. [1] 
  1. Fisheries Radiobiological Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1960
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Monaco (Monaco), 16-21 Nov 1959; Other Information: 3 refs.; Related Information: In: Disposal of Radioactive Wastes. Vol. II. Proceedings of the Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes| 586 p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; AGRICULTURE; ANIMAL TISSUES; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; FISHERIES; FOOD; LIQUID WASTES; LOCAL GOVERNMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOBIOLOGY; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; UNITED KINGDOM
OSTI ID:
22192398
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris (France); Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (Italy)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M3522016887
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 17-24
Announcement Date:
Feb 20, 2014

Conference:

Citation Formats

Morgan, F. Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos. IAEA: N. p., 1960. Web.
Morgan, F. Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos. IAEA.
Morgan, F. 1960. "Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22192398,
title = {Fisheries Radiobiology and the Discharge of Radioactive Wastes; Radiobiologie des Pecheries et Evacuation des Dechets Radioactifs; 041f 0420 0418 014 ; Radiobiologia de las Pesquerias y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos}
author = {Morgan, F.}
abstractNote = {In the United Kingdom authorizations to discharge radioactive wastes are granted by the Minister of Housing and Local Government, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and by the Secretary of State for Scotland. The hazards arising from contamination of aquatic animals and plants concern the Department of Fisheries ; before authorizations to discharge liquid wastes have been given, the Department has made independent forecasts of permissible levels of discharge based on extensive studies carried out in its research vessels and radiobiological laboratory: for example, where fish have been affected this has meant studies of fish populations and fish migration: uptake of radioactivity by fish : public consumption of fish : commercial distribution of affected fish: L.D.{sub 50}: effects of radiation on tissue, etc. In the course of such work there has been close consultation with the Atomic Energy Authority, and agreement with the Atomic Energy Authority about the safety factor to be incorporated during the first two years of discharge. During these two years, monitoring data collected by the Atomic Energy Authority and the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food enable checks and revisions of the original estimates to be made, and at the end of that time formal authorizations, based on operating experience, are issued. (author) [French] Au Royaume-Uni, les autorisations d'evacuer des dechets radioactifs sont accordees par le Ministre du logement et de l'administration locale, par le Ministre de l'agriculture, des pecheries et de l'alimentation et par le Secretaire d'Etat pour l'Ecosse. Les risques dus a la contamination des animaux et des plantes aquatiques relevent du Departement des pecheries; avant d'accorder des autorisations d'evacuer des dechets liquides, le Departement a evalue lui-meme les quantites dont l'evacuation pourrait etre admise, en se fondant sur des etudes approfondies qui sont faites dans ses bateaux de recherche et son laboratoire de radiobiologie. Par exemple, dans les cas mettant en cause des poissons, on a etudie les bancs de poissons et leurs migrations, la dose de radioactivite absorbee par les poissons, la consommation de poissons par le public, la repartition dans le commerce du poisson atteint, la D.L.{sub 50} les effets des rayonnements sur les tissus, etc. Pendant ces etudes, le Departement est reste en consultation etroite avec 1'Atomic Energy Authority, et s'est mis d'accord avec cet organisme sur le coefficient de securite a respecter pendant les deux premieres annees d'evacuation. Au cours de ces deux annees, les donnees recueillies grace aux controles effectues par l'Atomic Energy Authority et le Ministere de l'agriculture, des pecheries et de l'alimentation, permettent de verifier et de reviser les evaluations initiales. A l'expiration de cette periode, des autorisations formelles, fondees sur une experience concrete, sont accordees. (author) [Spanish] En el Reino Unido otorgan autorizaciones para la evacuacion de desechos radiactivos el Ministerio de la Vivienda y de Administracion Local, el Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesquerias y Alimentacion y el Secretario de Estado para Escocia. Los riesgos originados por la contaminacion de animales y plantas acuaticos caen dentro de la esfera del Departamento de Pesquerias; antes de que se concedan autorizaciones para descargar desechos liquidos, el Departamento realiza distintos calculos de los niveles de descarga admisibles, basados en amplios estudios llevados a cabo en sus buques destinados a trabajos de investigacion y en su laboratorio radiobiologico : por ejemplo, en los casos en que ha habido contaminacion de peces, se han realizado estudios sobre la poblacion y las migraciones de los peces, la absorcion de radiaciones por los mismos, el consumo de pescado, la distribucion comercial del pescado contaminado, la DL{sub 50}, los efectos de la irradiacion en los tejidos, etc. En el desarrollo de esta labor se ha mantenido estrecho contacto con la Autoridad de Energia Atomica, y se ha llegado a un acuerdo con la misma por lo que respecta al grado de seguridad que conviene establecer durante los dos primeros anos de descarga. Durante esos dos anos, los datos relativos al moni- toraje reunidos por la Autoridad de Energia Atomica y por el Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesquerias y Alimentacion permiten cotejar, y modificar cuando es necesario, los calculos iniciales; al acabar ese periodo se conceden autorizaciones oficiales, basadas en la experiencia practica adquirida. (author) [Russian] V Soedinennom Korolevstve razreshenija na udalenie radioaktivnyh othodov predostavljajutsja ministrom zhilishhnogo stroitel'stva i mestnogo upravlenija, ministrom sel'skogo hozjajstva, rybolovstva i pishhevyh produktov i gosudarstvennym sekretarem po delam Shotlandii. Upravlenie po rybolovstvu zanimaetsja voprosami, svjazannymi s opasnost'ju, proishodjashhej vsledstvie zarazhenija vodjanyh rastenij i zhivotnyh, zhivushhih v vode. Do vydachi razreshenij na udalenie zhidkih othodov jeto Upravlenie provodit nezavisimuju ocenku na nekotoryj period vremeni v budushhem dopustimyh urovnej udalenija othodov. Jeta ocenka osnovyvaetsja na obshhirnyh issledovanijah, provodimyh v radiobiologicheskoj laboratorii Upravlenija i v ego laboratorijah, razmeshhennyh na sudnah; naprimer, obnaruzhenie zarazhennoj ryby v nekotoryh opredelennyh mestah oznachaet izuchenie voprosov, svjazannyh s kolichestvom ryby, ee raspredeleniem i peredvizheniem, pogloshheniem i rasprostraneniem radioaktivnosti s pomoshh'ju ryb, voprosov obshhestvennogo potreblenija ryby, rasprostranenija zarazhennoj ryby, dozy obluchenija, privodjashhej cherez opredelennyj promezhutok vremeni k smerti 50% obluchennyh, vozdejstvija radiacii na tkani i t.d. V hode takogo roda raboty provodilis' tesnye konsul'tacii s Upravleniem po voprosam atomnoj jenergii, i soglashenie po voprosam tehniki bezopasnosti s jetim Upravleniem budet zakljucheno vo vremja pervyh dvuh let provedenija meroprijatij po udaleniju othodov. Na protjazhenii jetih dvuh let dannye ot nabljudenij, sobrannye Upravleniem po voprosam atomnoj jenergii i Ministerstvom sel'skogo hozjajstva, rybolovstva i pishhevyh produktov, pozvoljat proverit' i peresmotret' pervonachal'nye ocenki, i v konce jetogo perioda budut dany oficial'nye razreshenija na udalenie othodov, korye ubudut osnovany na poluchennom opyte. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1960}
month = {Jul}
}