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The Public Health Problems of Nuclear Waste Disposal; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs et la Sante Publique; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Presenta para la Salud Publica la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos

Conference:

Abstract

The fundamental bases of the control of public health problems in connexion with the disposal of radioactive wastes are the Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. These Recommendations cannot be applied directly to the disposal of waste because the released radioactivity rarely reaches man in a direct manner. The setting of maximum permissible discharge rates, therefore, involves a knowledge not only of man's utilization of his environment but also of the diverse processes which govern the behaviour of radioactive materials in that environment. As an example of the way in which the United Kingdom has dealt with these problems the paper discusses the discharge of low-activity liquid wastes into the sea, and refers briefly to the similar problems of assessing discharges into rivers and disposal into the ground or the deep sea. The paper concludes that it is possible to demonstrate without difficulty the safety of most proposed waste-disposal operations but that meticulous investigation and control are necessary whenever substantial amounts of radioactivity are to be released to man's environment. (author) [French] Les donnees de base relatives aux mesure de sante publique touchant l'elimination des dechets radioactifs sont fournies par les recommandations de la Commission internationale de protection  More>>
Authors:
Dunster, H. J. [1] 
  1. United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Health and Safety Branch (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1960
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Monaco (Monaco), 16-21 Nov 1959; Other Information: 2 refs., 1 tab.; Related Information: In: Disposal of Radioactive Wastes. Vol. I. Proceedings of the Scientific Conference on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes| 615 p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION; LIQUID WASTES; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RADIOACTIVE WASTE FACILITIES; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOACTIVITY; RECOMMENDATIONS; RIVERS; SEAS
OSTI ID:
22192391
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris (France); Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (Italy)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M3515016880
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 543-549
Announcement Date:
Feb 20, 2014

Conference:

Citation Formats

Dunster, H. J. The Public Health Problems of Nuclear Waste Disposal; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs et la Sante Publique; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Presenta para la Salud Publica la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos. IAEA: N. p., 1960. Web.
Dunster, H. J. The Public Health Problems of Nuclear Waste Disposal; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs et la Sante Publique; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Presenta para la Salud Publica la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos. IAEA.
Dunster, H. J. 1960. "The Public Health Problems of Nuclear Waste Disposal; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs et la Sante Publique; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Presenta para la Salud Publica la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22192391,
title = {The Public Health Problems of Nuclear Waste Disposal; L'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs et la Sante Publique; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Problemas que Presenta para la Salud Publica la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos}
author = {Dunster, H. J.}
abstractNote = {The fundamental bases of the control of public health problems in connexion with the disposal of radioactive wastes are the Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. These Recommendations cannot be applied directly to the disposal of waste because the released radioactivity rarely reaches man in a direct manner. The setting of maximum permissible discharge rates, therefore, involves a knowledge not only of man's utilization of his environment but also of the diverse processes which govern the behaviour of radioactive materials in that environment. As an example of the way in which the United Kingdom has dealt with these problems the paper discusses the discharge of low-activity liquid wastes into the sea, and refers briefly to the similar problems of assessing discharges into rivers and disposal into the ground or the deep sea. The paper concludes that it is possible to demonstrate without difficulty the safety of most proposed waste-disposal operations but that meticulous investigation and control are necessary whenever substantial amounts of radioactivity are to be released to man's environment. (author) [French] Les donnees de base relatives aux mesure de sante publique touchant l'elimination des dechets radioactifs sont fournies par les recommandations de la Commission internationale de protection radiologique. Mais ces recommandations ne peuvent pas etre directement appliquees a l'elimination des dechets, car il est rare que l'homme se trouve directement expose aux radiations emises. Pour pouvoir fixer, en matiere d'elimination de dechets, un taux maximum admissible, il faut donc connaitre non seulement le comportement de l'homme dans le milieu considere, mais aussi les processus suivant lesquels les matieres radioactives agissent sur ce milieu. Prenant comme exemple ce qui est fait au Royaume-Uni, l'auteur etudie la question de l'evacuation dans la mer de dechets liquides de faible radioactivite et il donne un apercu des problemes que pose la fixation d'un taux maximum en ce qui concerne l'evacuation des dechets dans les rivieres, leur enfouissement' dans le sol ou leur immersion dans les eaux profondes de la mer. L'auteur conclut qu'il est possible de demontrer sans difficulte que la plupart des solutions proposees offrent toutes les garanties de securite voulues, mais qu'une enquete et un controle rigoureux sont necessaires lorsque des doses substantiefles de radioactivite peuvent se repandre dans une zone d'habitat humain. (author) [Spanish] Los principios en que se base la solucion de los problemas que presenta para la salud publica la evacuacion de desechos radiactivos son las recomendaciones de la Comision Internacional para la Proteccion Radiologica. Estas recomendaciones no pueden ser aplicadas directamente a Ja evacuacion de desechos debido a que la radiactividad producida no alcanza casi nunca al hombre en forma directa. Asi pues, para establecer las cifras maximas de descarga radiactiva admisibles es preciso conocer no solamente la forma en que el hombre emplea el medio que le rodea sino tambien los distintos procesos que rigen el comportamiento de las materias radiactivas en ese medio precisamente. Como ejemplo de la forma en que el Reino Unido ha tratado estos problemas, el autor de la memoria hace un estudio de la descarga de desechos liquidos de baja actividad en el mar y se refiere brevemente a los problemas similares que plantea el control de las descargas en rios y de la evacuacion en el suelo o en alta mar. Llega a la conclusion de que es posible demostrar sin dificultad el grado de seguridad de la mayoria de las operaciones propuestas para evacuacion de desechos, pero que es necesaria una investigacion y un control meticulosos siempre que haya que evacuar desechos de alto nivel radiactivo en las proximidades de habitaciones humanas. (author) [Russian] Rekomendacii Mezhdunarodnoj komissii po zashhite ot radioaktivnogo obluchenija javljajutsja fundamental'noj osnovoj kontrolja, kotoryj svjazan s problemami ohrany zdorov'ja. Jeti rekomendacii nel'zja primenjat' neposredstvenno k udaleniju othodov, tak kak vysvobozhdennaja radioaktivnost' v redkih sluchajah okazyvaet neposredstvennoe vozdejstvie na cheloveka. Pojetomu ustanovlenie maksimal'no vozmozhnoj skorosti sbrosa trebuet znanija ne tol'ko togo, kak chelovek ispol'zuet okruzhajushhuju ego sredu, no takzhe razlichnyh processov, kotorye upravljajut povedeniem radioaktivnyh materialov v jetoj okruzhajushhej srede. V kachestve primera togo, kak reshajut jeti problemy v Soedinennom Korolevstve, v doklade rassmatrivaetsja sbros v more zhidkih othodov s nizkoj radioaktivnost'ju i kratko razbirajutsja podobnye problemy otvoda othodov v reki i zahoronenija ih v grunt ili v glubiny morej. V dokumente delaetsja vyvod, chto bez osobogo truda mozhno prodemonstrirovat' bezopasnost' bol'shinstva predlozhennyh operacij po udaleniju othodov, no neobhodimo tshhatel'noe issledovanie i kontrol' v teh sluchajah, kogda v okruzhajushhuju cheloveka sredu otvoditsja znachitel'noe kolichestvo radioaktivnyh materialov. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1960}
month = {Jul}
}