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Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding

Abstract

This publication focuses on the health and safety issues of the supply chain of solid biofuels with the objective to highlight commonly used mitigation methodologies to promote a better working environment when dealing with solid biofuels. It has been compiled as a joint effort by experts active in Tasks 32, 36, 37 and 40 of the IEA Bioenergy Agreement, with their own specific fields of expertise. Only through this cooperation, it was possible to touch upon the full range of issues in one publication that one may come across when developing projects in which solid biomass fuels are produced, traded or used. The properties of a biomass material and the intended use determine how the material should be safely transported and stored. Selfheating, off-gassing and dust explosions are significant challenges for the industry that have already resulted in significant losses of capital investments and even tragic loss of life. Likewise, exposure to biologically active material, such as moulds and spores may form a serious hazard for the health of workers involved. With the growth of the bioenergy sector, it is important not only that opportunities for bioenergy are implemented in an efficient and economic manner, but also safely.
Authors:
Koppejan, J.; [1]  Loennermark, A.; Persson, H.; Larsson, I.; Blomqvist, P.; [2]  Arshadi, M.; Valencia-Reyes, E.; [3]  Melin, S.; [4]  Howes, Pat; [5]  Wheeler, P.; [6]  Baxter, D.; [7]  Nikolaisen, L. [8] 
  1. Procede Biomass, Enschede (Netherlands)
  2. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Boraas (Sweden)
  3. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)
  4. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada)
  5. AEA Group, London (United Kingdom)
  6. Lend Lease, Sydney (Australia)
  7. Joint Research Institute JRC, European Commission EC, Brussels (Belgium)
  8. Danish Technological Institute, Taastrup (Denmark)
Publication Date:
May 15, 2013
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Produced by IEA Bioenergy Task 32, 36, 37 and 40
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; BIOFUELS; PUBLIC HEALTH; SAFETY; STORAGE; TRANSPORT; FEEDING; WORKING CONDITIONS; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; HEATING; OFF-GAS SYSTEMS; DUSTS; EXPLOSIONS; INJURIES; FIRE HAZARDS; SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION
OSTI ID:
22174929
Research Organizations:
IEA Bioenergy, p/a NL Agency, Utrecht (Netherlands)
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: NL13E0779
Availability:
Available at http://www.ieabioenergy.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Health-and-Safety-Aspects-of-Solid-Biomass-Storage-Transportation-and-Feeding.pdf
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
100 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Dec 19, 2013

Citation Formats

Koppejan, J., Loennermark, A., Persson, H., Larsson, I., Blomqvist, P., Arshadi, M., Valencia-Reyes, E., Melin, S., Howes, Pat, Wheeler, P., Baxter, D., and Nikolaisen, L. Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding. Netherlands: N. p., 2013. Web.
Koppejan, J., Loennermark, A., Persson, H., Larsson, I., Blomqvist, P., Arshadi, M., Valencia-Reyes, E., Melin, S., Howes, Pat, Wheeler, P., Baxter, D., & Nikolaisen, L. Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding. Netherlands.
Koppejan, J., Loennermark, A., Persson, H., Larsson, I., Blomqvist, P., Arshadi, M., Valencia-Reyes, E., Melin, S., Howes, Pat, Wheeler, P., Baxter, D., and Nikolaisen, L. 2013. "Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_22174929,
title = {Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding}
author = {Koppejan, J., Loennermark, A., Persson, H., Larsson, I., Blomqvist, P., Arshadi, M., Valencia-Reyes, E., Melin, S., Howes, Pat, Wheeler, P., Baxter, D., and Nikolaisen, L.}
abstractNote = {This publication focuses on the health and safety issues of the supply chain of solid biofuels with the objective to highlight commonly used mitigation methodologies to promote a better working environment when dealing with solid biofuels. It has been compiled as a joint effort by experts active in Tasks 32, 36, 37 and 40 of the IEA Bioenergy Agreement, with their own specific fields of expertise. Only through this cooperation, it was possible to touch upon the full range of issues in one publication that one may come across when developing projects in which solid biomass fuels are produced, traded or used. The properties of a biomass material and the intended use determine how the material should be safely transported and stored. Selfheating, off-gassing and dust explosions are significant challenges for the industry that have already resulted in significant losses of capital investments and even tragic loss of life. Likewise, exposure to biologically active material, such as moulds and spores may form a serious hazard for the health of workers involved. With the growth of the bioenergy sector, it is important not only that opportunities for bioenergy are implemented in an efficient and economic manner, but also safely.}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {2013}
month = {May}
}