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Evaluation of Dose: Comparative Effect of Fast Neutrons and other Types of Radiation on the Survival of E. Coli and S. Cerevisiae; Evaluation de la Dose Delivree et Actions Comparees des Neutrons Rapides et d'Autres Radiations sur la Survie de E. Coli et S. Cerevisiae; Otsenka dozy i sravnitel'noe vliyanie bystrykh nejtronov i drugikh vidov izlucheniya na vyzhivaemost' E. Coli i S. Cerevisiae; Evaluacion de la Dosis Suministrada y Comparacion de la Accion de los Neutrones Rapidos sobre la Supervivencia del E. Coli y del S. Cerevisiae con la de Otras Radiaciones

Conference:

Abstract

The EL-3 reactor is equipped with auranium converter by means of which fast neutrons can be obtained. A bank of fission chambers measures the flux and spectral distribution of the fast neutrons. These miniature detectors are placed at various points in the target zone and make possible the experimental evaluation of the absorbed tissue-dose. This apparatus and dosimetric technique can be used to compare the effect of fast neutrons and other types of ionizing radiation (e.g. X-rays) on unicellular organisms. The authors study the percentage of survivals and the frequency of a mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The survival curve for Escherichia coli is also determined for X-rays and neutrons. It is found that the RBE's of these various types of radiation depend not only on the species and the biological criterion adopted, but also on the irradiation dose-level at which the comparison is made. These experiments show the RBE to be also a function of dose. The effects of fast neutrons and X-rays are often brought about by differing radiobiological processes. It is arbitrary to establish linear relationships between the doses for these various types of radiation. (author) [French] Nous disposons aupres du reacteur EL3 d'un convertisseur a uranium permettant  More>>
Authors:
Arnaud, Y.; Bocquet, C. [1] 
  1. Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)
Publication Date:
May 15, 1964
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-SM-44/61
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on Biological Effects of Neutron Irradiations, Upton, NY (United States), 7-11 Dec 1963; Other Information: 13 refs., 5 figs; Related Information: In: Biological Effects of Neutron and Proton Irradiations. Vol. II. Proceedings of the Symposium on Biological Effects of Neutron Irradiations| 460 p.
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; ANIMAL TISSUES; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; EL-3 REACTOR; ESCHERICHIA COLI; FAST NEUTRONS; FISSION CHAMBERS; MUTATIONS; PLANT TISSUES; RADIATION DOSES; RBE; SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; SURVIVAL CURVES; X RADIATION
OSTI ID:
22141873
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M3475096474
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 311-320
Announcement Date:
Oct 24, 2013

Conference:

Citation Formats

Arnaud, Y., and Bocquet, C. Evaluation of Dose: Comparative Effect of Fast Neutrons and other Types of Radiation on the Survival of E. Coli and S. Cerevisiae; Evaluation de la Dose Delivree et Actions Comparees des Neutrons Rapides et d'Autres Radiations sur la Survie de E. Coli et S. Cerevisiae; Otsenka dozy i sravnitel'noe vliyanie bystrykh nejtronov i drugikh vidov izlucheniya na vyzhivaemost' E. Coli i S. Cerevisiae; Evaluacion de la Dosis Suministrada y Comparacion de la Accion de los Neutrones Rapidos sobre la Supervivencia del E. Coli y del S. Cerevisiae con la de Otras Radiaciones. IAEA: N. p., 1964. Web.
Arnaud, Y., & Bocquet, C. Evaluation of Dose: Comparative Effect of Fast Neutrons and other Types of Radiation on the Survival of E. Coli and S. Cerevisiae; Evaluation de la Dose Delivree et Actions Comparees des Neutrons Rapides et d'Autres Radiations sur la Survie de E. Coli et S. Cerevisiae; Otsenka dozy i sravnitel'noe vliyanie bystrykh nejtronov i drugikh vidov izlucheniya na vyzhivaemost' E. Coli i S. Cerevisiae; Evaluacion de la Dosis Suministrada y Comparacion de la Accion de los Neutrones Rapidos sobre la Supervivencia del E. Coli y del S. Cerevisiae con la de Otras Radiaciones. IAEA.
Arnaud, Y., and Bocquet, C. 1964. "Evaluation of Dose: Comparative Effect of Fast Neutrons and other Types of Radiation on the Survival of E. Coli and S. Cerevisiae; Evaluation de la Dose Delivree et Actions Comparees des Neutrons Rapides et d'Autres Radiations sur la Survie de E. Coli et S. Cerevisiae; Otsenka dozy i sravnitel'noe vliyanie bystrykh nejtronov i drugikh vidov izlucheniya na vyzhivaemost' E. Coli i S. Cerevisiae; Evaluacion de la Dosis Suministrada y Comparacion de la Accion de los Neutrones Rapidos sobre la Supervivencia del E. Coli y del S. Cerevisiae con la de Otras Radiaciones." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22141873,
title = {Evaluation of Dose: Comparative Effect of Fast Neutrons and other Types of Radiation on the Survival of E. Coli and S. Cerevisiae; Evaluation de la Dose Delivree et Actions Comparees des Neutrons Rapides et d'Autres Radiations sur la Survie de E. Coli et S. Cerevisiae; Otsenka dozy i sravnitel'noe vliyanie bystrykh nejtronov i drugikh vidov izlucheniya na vyzhivaemost' E. Coli i S. Cerevisiae; Evaluacion de la Dosis Suministrada y Comparacion de la Accion de los Neutrones Rapidos sobre la Supervivencia del E. Coli y del S. Cerevisiae con la de Otras Radiaciones}
author = {Arnaud, Y., and Bocquet, C.}
abstractNote = {The EL-3 reactor is equipped with auranium converter by means of which fast neutrons can be obtained. A bank of fission chambers measures the flux and spectral distribution of the fast neutrons. These miniature detectors are placed at various points in the target zone and make possible the experimental evaluation of the absorbed tissue-dose. This apparatus and dosimetric technique can be used to compare the effect of fast neutrons and other types of ionizing radiation (e.g. X-rays) on unicellular organisms. The authors study the percentage of survivals and the frequency of a mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The survival curve for Escherichia coli is also determined for X-rays and neutrons. It is found that the RBE's of these various types of radiation depend not only on the species and the biological criterion adopted, but also on the irradiation dose-level at which the comparison is made. These experiments show the RBE to be also a function of dose. The effects of fast neutrons and X-rays are often brought about by differing radiobiological processes. It is arbitrary to establish linear relationships between the doses for these various types of radiation. (author) [French] Nous disposons aupres du reacteur EL3 d'un convertisseur a uranium permettant d'obtenir des neutrons rapides. Une batterie de chambres a fission mesure le flux et la repartition spectrale des neutrons rapides. Ces detecteurs miniatures sont places en divers points du volume a irradier et permettent d'evaluer experimentalement la dose absorbee dans les tissus. Ce dispositif et cette dosimetrie nous servent a comparer l'action des neutrons rapides et d'autres radiations ionisantes (X, {gamma}) sur des organismes monocellulaires. Nous etudions ici le pourcentage de survie et la frequence d'une mutation morphologique chez Saccharomyces cerevisiae. La courbe de survie d'Escherichia coli est aussi etablie pour les rayons X et les neutrons. On observe que les effets biologiques relatifs de ces diverses radiations dependent de l'organisme vivant etudie, du critere biologique choisi, mais aussi de la dose d'irradiation avec laquelle on fait la comparaison. L'efficacite biologique relative apparait dans ces experiences comme etant egalement une fonction de la dose. L'action des neutrons rapides et des rayons X releve souvent de processus radiobiologique differents. Il est arbitraire de relier entre elles les doses de ces diverses radiations par des relations lineaires. (author) [Spanish] Junto al reactor EL3 se encuentra un convertidor de uranio que permite obtener neutrones rapidos. Con una bateria de camaras de fision se mide el flujo y la distribucion espectral de los neutrones rapidos. Estos micro- detectores estan colocados en diversos puntos del volumen que se ha de irradiar y permiten evaluar experimentalmente la dosis absorbida en los tejidos. Gracias a este dispositivo y a este sistema de dosimetria, los autores han podido comparar la accion de los neutrones rapidos con las de otras radiaciones ionizantes (rayos X, rayos y) sobre organismos unicelulares. En este trabajo, estudian el porcentaje de supervivencia y la frecuencia de una mutacion morfologica en el Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Tambien han trazado la curva de supervivencia del Escherichia coli, expuesto a rayos X y a neutrones. La observacion de los resultados indica que los efectos biologicos relativos de estas diversas radiaciones dependen del organismo vivo estudiado, del criterio biologico elegido y, ademas, de la dosis de irradiacion con que se realiza la comparacion. Tambien se deduce de estos experimentos que la eficacia biologica relativa es funcion de la dosis. A menudo, la accion de los neutrones rapidos y de los rayos X depende de diferentes procesos radiobiologicos. Seria arbitrario establecer relaciones lineales entre las dosis de dichas radiaciones. (author) [Russian] Na reaktore EL-3 imeetsja uranovyj preobrazovatel, pozvoljajushhij poluchat' bystrye nejtrony. Batareja kamer delenija proizvodit izmerenie potoka i spektral'nogo raspredelenija bystryh nejtronov. Jeti miniatjurnye detektory razmeshhajutsja v razlichnyh tochkah obluchaemogo obrazca i pozvoljajut jeksperimental'no ocenivat' pogloshhaemuju tkanjami dozu. Takaja ustanovka i dozimetrija dali vozmozhnost' sravnit' vlijanie bystryh nejtronov i drugih vidov ionizirujushhego izluchenija (rentgenovy luchi) na odnokletochnye organizmy. Izuchalsja procent vyzhivaemosti i chastota morfologicheskih mutacij u Saccharo- myces cerevisiae. Ustanovlena takzhe krivaja vyzhivaemosti Escherichia coli v otnoshenii rentgenovyh luchej i nejtronov. Otmechaetsja, chto OBJe jetih razlichnyh vidov izluchenija zavisit ot issleduemogo zhivogo organizma, ot izbrannogo biologicheskogo kriterija, a takzhe ot dozy obluchenija, pri kotoroj proizvoditsja sravnenie. V jetih uslovijah OBJe javljaetsja funkciej dozy. Dejstvie bystryh nejtronov i rentgenovyh luchej chasto zavisit ot razlichnyh radiobiologicheskih processov. Bylo by proizvol'no svjazyvat' mezhdu soboj dozy jetih razlichnyh izluchenij linejnymi otnoshenijami. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1964}
month = {May}
}