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Coarse Grained Transport Model for Neutrals in Turbulent SOL Plasmas

Abstract

Full text: Edge plasmas of magnetic fusion devices exhibit strong intermittent turbulence, which governs perpendicular transport of particles and heat. Turbulent fluxes result from the coarse graining procedure used to derive the transport equation, which entails time averaging of the underlying equations governing the turbulent evolution of the electron and ion fluids. In previous works, we have pointed out that this averaging is not carried out on the Boltzmann equation that describes the transport of neutral particles (atoms, molecules) in current edge code suites (such as SOLPS). Since fluctuations in the far SOL are of order unity, calculating the transport of neutral particles, hence the source terms in plasma fluid equations, in the average plasma background might lead to misleading results. In particular, retaining the effects of fluctuations could affect the estimation of the importance of main chamber recycling, hence first wall sputtering by charge exchange atoms, as well as main chamber impurity contamination and transport. In this contribution, we obtain an exact coarse-grained equation for the average neutral density, assuming that density fluctuations are described by multivariate Gamma statistics. This equation is a scattering free Boltzmann equation, where the ionization rate has been renormalized to account for fluctuations. The  More>>
Authors:
Marandet, Y.; Mekkaoui, A.; Genesio, P.; Rosato, J.; Capes, H.; Godbert-Mouret, L.; Koubiti, M.; Stamm, R., E-mail: yannick.marandet@univ-amu.fr; [1]  Reiter, D.; Boerner, P. [2] 
  1. PIIM, CNRS/Aix-Marseille University, Marseille (France)
  2. IEK4, FZJ, Juelich (Germany)
Publication Date:
Sep 15, 2012
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-CN-197; TH/P4-22
Resource Relation:
Conference: FEC 2012: 24. IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, San Diego, CA (United States), 8-13 Oct 2012; Related Information: In: 24. IAEA Fusion Energy Conference. Programme and Book of Abstracts| 789 p.
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BOLTZMANN EQUATION; CHARGE EXCHANGE; FIRST WALL; FLUCTUATIONS; FLUIDS; IMPURITIES; ITER TOKAMAK; MOLECULES; MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS; NEUTRAL PARTICLES; PLASMA; PLASMA FLUID EQUATIONS; PLASMA SCRAPE-OFF LAYER; RECYCLING; RENORMALIZATION; SOURCE TERMS; TRANSPORT THEORY; TURBULENCE
OSTI ID:
22140525
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA13S0429095077
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Meetings/PDFplus/2012/cn197/cn197_Programme.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 369
Announcement Date:
Oct 17, 2013

Citation Formats

Marandet, Y., Mekkaoui, A., Genesio, P., Rosato, J., Capes, H., Godbert-Mouret, L., Koubiti, M., Stamm, R., E-mail: yannick.marandet@univ-amu.fr, Reiter, D., and Boerner, P. Coarse Grained Transport Model for Neutrals in Turbulent SOL Plasmas. IAEA: N. p., 2012. Web.
Marandet, Y., Mekkaoui, A., Genesio, P., Rosato, J., Capes, H., Godbert-Mouret, L., Koubiti, M., Stamm, R., E-mail: yannick.marandet@univ-amu.fr, Reiter, D., & Boerner, P. Coarse Grained Transport Model for Neutrals in Turbulent SOL Plasmas. IAEA.
Marandet, Y., Mekkaoui, A., Genesio, P., Rosato, J., Capes, H., Godbert-Mouret, L., Koubiti, M., Stamm, R., E-mail: yannick.marandet@univ-amu.fr, Reiter, D., and Boerner, P. 2012. "Coarse Grained Transport Model for Neutrals in Turbulent SOL Plasmas." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22140525,
title = {Coarse Grained Transport Model for Neutrals in Turbulent SOL Plasmas}
author = {Marandet, Y., Mekkaoui, A., Genesio, P., Rosato, J., Capes, H., Godbert-Mouret, L., Koubiti, M., Stamm, R., E-mail: yannick.marandet@univ-amu.fr, Reiter, D., and Boerner, P.}
abstractNote = {Full text: Edge plasmas of magnetic fusion devices exhibit strong intermittent turbulence, which governs perpendicular transport of particles and heat. Turbulent fluxes result from the coarse graining procedure used to derive the transport equation, which entails time averaging of the underlying equations governing the turbulent evolution of the electron and ion fluids. In previous works, we have pointed out that this averaging is not carried out on the Boltzmann equation that describes the transport of neutral particles (atoms, molecules) in current edge code suites (such as SOLPS). Since fluctuations in the far SOL are of order unity, calculating the transport of neutral particles, hence the source terms in plasma fluid equations, in the average plasma background might lead to misleading results. In particular, retaining the effects of fluctuations could affect the estimation of the importance of main chamber recycling, hence first wall sputtering by charge exchange atoms, as well as main chamber impurity contamination and transport. In this contribution, we obtain an exact coarse-grained equation for the average neutral density, assuming that density fluctuations are described by multivariate Gamma statistics. This equation is a scattering free Boltzmann equation, where the ionization rate has been renormalized to account for fluctuations. The coarse grained transport model for neutrals has been implemented in the EIRENE code, and applications in 2D geometry with ITER relevant plasma parameters are presented. Our results open the way for the implementation of the effects of turbulent fluctuations on the transport of neutral particles in coupled plasma/neutral edge codes like B2-EIRENE. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2012}
month = {Sep}
}