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Site of the First Spanish Nuclear Power Stations; Los Emplazamientos de las Primeras Centrales Nucleares Espanolas

Abstract

The authors analyse and describe the sites of three Spanish nuclear power stations: the Zorita station (153 M W (e )) with a pressurized water reactor and single containment; the Santa Marfa de Garofia station (380 MW (e)), with a boiling water reactor and containment by steam condensation; and the Vandellos station (480 MW(e)), with a graphite-moderated gas-cooled reactor and integrated design of the EDF-4 type. The first two are located in the interior of the country and the third on the Mediterranean coast. The paper discusses the normal criteria and the safety considerations governing the choice of site, and points out the influence of Spanish orography on the transport of heavy equipment and hence its repercussions on the selection of power station sites. Reference is made to the experience acquired in transporting equipment for the Z-orita plant, and an analysis of the practical difficulties encountered in applying particular safety standards to the sites of stations of different types and designs is included. As the type of reactor and its containment system affect the practical value of applying particular standards which, moreover, have to be adapted to the special features of each country, safety standards for assessing power station sites  More>>
Authors:
Pascual, F.; Alonso, A.; Norena, S.; Sevilla, A. [1] 
  1. Junta de Energia Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)
Publication Date:
Sep 15, 1967
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-SM-89/3
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on the Containment and Siting of Nuclear Power Plants, Vienna (Austria), 3-7 Apr 1967; Other Information: 10 refs., 2 figs.; Related Information: In: Containment and Siting of Nuclear Power Plants. Proceedings of a Symposium on the Containment and Siting of Nuclear Power Plants| 836 p.
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BWR TYPE REACTORS; CONTAINMENT SYSTEMS; GCR TYPE REACTORS; METEOROLOGY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PWR TYPE REACTORS; SAFETY STANDARDS; SHORES; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; SITE SELECTION; SPAIN; WEATHER
OSTI ID:
22121076
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
Spanish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M1303077169
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 93-104
Announcement Date:
Aug 16, 2013

Citation Formats

Pascual, F., Alonso, A., Norena, S., and Sevilla, A. Site of the First Spanish Nuclear Power Stations; Los Emplazamientos de las Primeras Centrales Nucleares Espanolas. IAEA: N. p., 1967. Web.
Pascual, F., Alonso, A., Norena, S., & Sevilla, A. Site of the First Spanish Nuclear Power Stations; Los Emplazamientos de las Primeras Centrales Nucleares Espanolas. IAEA.
Pascual, F., Alonso, A., Norena, S., and Sevilla, A. 1967. "Site of the First Spanish Nuclear Power Stations; Los Emplazamientos de las Primeras Centrales Nucleares Espanolas." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22121076,
title = {Site of the First Spanish Nuclear Power Stations; Los Emplazamientos de las Primeras Centrales Nucleares Espanolas}
author = {Pascual, F., Alonso, A., Norena, S., and Sevilla, A.}
abstractNote = {The authors analyse and describe the sites of three Spanish nuclear power stations: the Zorita station (153 M W (e )) with a pressurized water reactor and single containment; the Santa Marfa de Garofia station (380 MW (e)), with a boiling water reactor and containment by steam condensation; and the Vandellos station (480 MW(e)), with a graphite-moderated gas-cooled reactor and integrated design of the EDF-4 type. The first two are located in the interior of the country and the third on the Mediterranean coast. The paper discusses the normal criteria and the safety considerations governing the choice of site, and points out the influence of Spanish orography on the transport of heavy equipment and hence its repercussions on the selection of power station sites. Reference is made to the experience acquired in transporting equipment for the Z-orita plant, and an analysis of the practical difficulties encountered in applying particular safety standards to the sites of stations of different types and designs is included. As the type of reactor and its containment system affect the practical value of applying particular standards which, moreover, have to be adapted to the special features of each country, safety standards for assessing power station sites should be applied in an appropriate and flexible manner. The paper describes the geological and meteorological features of the three sites and summarizes the studies carried out in these fields. It refers particularly to the hydrological studies carried out at Zorita and Santa Maria de Garofia and describes the weather stations set up at both sites, the diffusion experiments with neutcal-buoyancy balloons at Santa Maria de Garofia, and the results of these investigations. (author) [Spanish] Se analizan y describen los emplazamientos de tres centrales nucleares espanolas: la central de Zorita, de 153 MW(e), con reactor de agua a presion y sistema de contencion simple; la central de Santa Maria de Garofia, de 380 MW(e), con reactor de agua en ebullicion y contencion por condensacion de vapor, y la central de Vandellos, de 480 MW(e), con reactor grafito-gas y diseno integrado del tipo EDF-4. Los dos primeros estan situados en el interior del pais, el tercero en la costa mediterranea. Se discuten los criterios convencionales y los relacionados con la seguridad, que se han utilizado en la seleccion. Se pone de relieve la influencia de la orografia espanola en el transporte del equipo pesado y su repercusion en la seleccion de emplazamientos para centrales nucleares. Se hace referencia a la experiencia obtenida en el transporte del equipo de la central de Zorita. Se analizan las dificultades practicas encontradas al aplicar unas determinadas normas de seguridad a emplazamientos de centrales de tipo y caracteristicas de diseno diferentes. Ya que el tipo de reactor y su sistema de contencion influyen en el valor practico de la aplicacion de unas determinadas normas que, ademas, han de adaptarse a las caracteristicas peculiares de cada nacion, se indica la conveniencia de utilizar de forma adecuada y flexible las normas de seguridad para el analisis de los emplazamientos de centrales nucleares. Se describen las caracteristicas geologicas y meteorologicas de los tres emplazamientos y se resumen los trabajos e investigaciones realizados en estos campos. En especial, se destacan los estudios de hidrologia realizados en el caso de Zorita y Santa Maria de Garofia, y se describen las estaciones meteorologicas montadas en ambos emplazamientos, los experimentos de difusion con globos equilibrados realizados en el caso de Santa Maria de Garofia y los resultados de estas investigaciones. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1967}
month = {Sep}
}