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Body Composition Assessment from Birth to Two Years of Age

Abstract

During infancy and early childhood, the pace and quality of growth mark the risk of ill health in the short and longer term. Measurements of body weight and its changes are frequently taken as indicators of growth, without adequate attention being paid to linear growth or body composition during this critical window of opportunity, as these measurements are more challenging to make. To better define and characterize healthy growth, there is a need for guidance on the use of standardized methodologies to assess body composition during early life to differentiate between nutrient partitioning to fat free mass and to fat mass in infants and young children. Given the necessity for an international consensus, in 2009 the IAEA initiated a review of body composition assessment techniques as the basis for efforts aimed at the standardization of body composition assessment from birth to 2 years of age. This initiative follows the IAEA's long standing tradition of providing guidance on the use of nuclear techniques in nutrition. This publication was developed by an international group of experts as an integral part of the IAEA's contribution to the transfer of technology and capacity building in this field to assist Member States in their efforts  More>>
Authors:
"NONE"
Publication Date:
Jun 15, 2013
Product Type:
Book
Report Number:
STI/PUB-1550
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 78 refs., 21 figs., 8 tabs; Related Information: Series: IAEA Human Health Series; no. 22
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BODY COMPOSITION; HAZARDS; IAEA; INFANTS; NUTRIENTS; NUTRITION; STABLE ISOTOPES; STANDARDIZATION
OSTI ID:
22118959
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Human Health, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-92-0-127710-7; ISSN 2075-3772; TRN: XA13R0654075595
Availability:
Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/Pub1550_web.pdf; Enquiries should be addressed to IAEA, Marketing and Sales Unit, Publishing Section, E-mail: sales.publications@iaea.org; Web site: http://www.iaea.org/books
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
76 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Aug 08, 2013

Citation Formats

Body Composition Assessment from Birth to Two Years of Age. IAEA: N. p., 2013. Web.
Body Composition Assessment from Birth to Two Years of Age. IAEA.
2013. "Body Composition Assessment from Birth to Two Years of Age." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22118959,
title = {Body Composition Assessment from Birth to Two Years of Age}
abstractNote = {During infancy and early childhood, the pace and quality of growth mark the risk of ill health in the short and longer term. Measurements of body weight and its changes are frequently taken as indicators of growth, without adequate attention being paid to linear growth or body composition during this critical window of opportunity, as these measurements are more challenging to make. To better define and characterize healthy growth, there is a need for guidance on the use of standardized methodologies to assess body composition during early life to differentiate between nutrient partitioning to fat free mass and to fat mass in infants and young children. Given the necessity for an international consensus, in 2009 the IAEA initiated a review of body composition assessment techniques as the basis for efforts aimed at the standardization of body composition assessment from birth to 2 years of age. This initiative follows the IAEA's long standing tradition of providing guidance on the use of nuclear techniques in nutrition. This publication was developed by an international group of experts as an integral part of the IAEA's contribution to the transfer of technology and capacity building in this field to assist Member States in their efforts to improve the nutrition and health of infants and young children, who are among the most vulnerable population groups. This publication provides practical information on the assessment of body composition from birth up to 2 years of age and is intended for nutritionists, paediatricians and other health professionals. The body composition assessment techniques included in this publication were considered the methodologies with the highest potential for standardization globally - based on considerations such as access to equipment, cost and the training needs of staff - and include stable isotope dilution for total body water assessment as well as dual energy X ray absorptiometry and air displacement plethysmography. In addition, the importance of the standardization of anthropometric measurements is highlighted in this book, as basic measurements of body weight and length are crucial for accurate body composition assessment.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2013}
month = {Jun}
}