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United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad

Conference:

Abstract

Tests for wholesomeness carried out in the United Kingdom as a part of the food irradiation programme are described. Both short-term animal feeding studies in rats, chickens and pigs, and long-term studies in rats and mice, have failed to demonstrate any adverse effects attributable to the consumption of irradiated food by the animals. The animal feeding tests have been designed with specific irradiation processes in mind, and all of these processes have involved the use of low, or moderate radiation doses. Thus, grain treated with 20 000 and 200.000 rad gamma radiation, and frozen egg (irradiated-to kill Salmonellae) treated with 0.5 and 1.0 Mrad have been tested by feeding to animals. Ham, irradiated with 250 000 rad to prolong its shelf life, has been tested, and also ham irradiated with 2 Mrad. Currently long-term studies are in progress to investigate the wholesomeness of fish treated with 0.6 Mrad (the maximum dose likely to be used to provide extended refrigerated (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C) storage life). Short-term tests- have also been undertaken with potatoes (10000 rad) and horse flesh (0.65 Mrad). The nutritional quality of irradiated grain, egg, fish and some animal' feedings-stuffs has been investigated, using microbiological assay  More>>
Authors:
Hickman, J. R. [1] 
  1. Wantage Research Laboratory (A.E.R.E.), Wantage, Berks. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 1966
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-SM-73/34
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Symposium on Food Irradiation, Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany), 6-10 Jun 1966; Other Information: 34 refs., 1 tab.; Related Information: In: Food Irradiation. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Food Irradiation| 979 p.
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; CHICKENS; CONTROL; FOOD PROCESSING; GAMMA RADIATION; HORSES; IRRADIATION; MEAT; MICE; POTATOES; RADIATION DOSE UNITS; RADIATION DOSES; RATS; SENSITIVITY; STORAGE LIFE; SWINE; UNITED KINGDOM; WHOLESOMENESS
OSTI ID:
22118862
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome (Italy)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M2026075498
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 101-117
Announcement Date:
Aug 08, 2013

Conference:

Citation Formats

Hickman, J. R. United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad. IAEA: N. p., 1966. Web.
Hickman, J. R. United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad. IAEA.
Hickman, J. R. 1966. "United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22118862,
title = {United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad}
author = {Hickman, J. R.}
abstractNote = {Tests for wholesomeness carried out in the United Kingdom as a part of the food irradiation programme are described. Both short-term animal feeding studies in rats, chickens and pigs, and long-term studies in rats and mice, have failed to demonstrate any adverse effects attributable to the consumption of irradiated food by the animals. The animal feeding tests have been designed with specific irradiation processes in mind, and all of these processes have involved the use of low, or moderate radiation doses. Thus, grain treated with 20 000 and 200.000 rad gamma radiation, and frozen egg (irradiated-to kill Salmonellae) treated with 0.5 and 1.0 Mrad have been tested by feeding to animals. Ham, irradiated with 250 000 rad to prolong its shelf life, has been tested, and also ham irradiated with 2 Mrad. Currently long-term studies are in progress to investigate the wholesomeness of fish treated with 0.6 Mrad (the maximum dose likely to be used to provide extended refrigerated (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C) storage life). Short-term tests- have also been undertaken with potatoes (10000 rad) and horse flesh (0.65 Mrad). The nutritional quality of irradiated grain, egg, fish and some animal' feedings-stuffs has been investigated, using microbiological assay techniques. Losses in the B vitamins have been, found comparable with those reported by workers in the United States and are of the same order,of magnitude as losses occurring on heating, although differences were observed in the sensitivity of individual vitamins towards heat and irradiation. The losses in B vitamins occurring on irradiation and cpoking were found to be additive. No effects on the nutritional value of protein have been found. In 1962 the United Kingdom Ministry of Health set up a Working Party to review the effects of irradiation on food, and to report on the necessity-for official control. The report-pf the working party published in 1964, is discussed in relation to the wholesomeness tests carried out in the United-Kingdom. (author) [French] L'auteur decrit des examens de la comestibilite effectues au Royaume-Uni au titre du programme d'irradiation de produits alimentaires. Des etudes a court terme sur des rats, des poulets et des porcs, et des etudes a long terme sur des'rats et des souris n'ont permisse deceler aucun effet nuisible attribuable a la consommation par ces animaux.de nourritures irradiees. Les essais d'alimentation des animaux ont ete concus compte tenu de certains procedes,precis d'irradiation qui tous comportaient l'utilisation de doses d'irradiation faibles ou moderees. C'est ainsi que des. cereales traitees aux rayons gamma a 20 000.et 200 000 rad et des oeufs congeles (irradies pour detruire Salmonellae) traites a 0, 5 et 1 Mrad ont ete essayes. L'auteur a fait des essais avec du jambon irradie a 250 000 rad pour prolonger la duree de conservation et avec du jambon irradie a 2 Mrad. On procede, actuellement a des etudes a long terme, sur la comestibilite du poisson traite a 0,6.Mrad (dose maximale qui sera probablement utilisee pour augmenter la duree de conservation en refrigerateur (0 Degree-Sign / 4 Degree-Sign C)). L'auteur a egalement entrepris des essais a court terme sur les pommes de terre (10 000 rad) et la viande de cheval (0,65 Mrad). L'auteur a fait des recherches sur la qualite nutritive des cereales, des oeufs et.du poisson irradies et sur.quelques aliments pour animaux egalement irradies en reecurant a des procedes d'analyse microbiolo- gique. Il a constate que les pertes en vitamines B sont comparables a celles qu'ont indiquees des chercheurs des Etats-Unis et sont du meme ordre de grandeur que les pertes dues au traitement thermique bien que des differences aient ete observees dans la sensibilite de certaines vitamines a la chaleur et.aux rayonnements. Il a en outre constate que les pertes en vitamines B dues a l'irradiation et celles qui sont dues a la cuisson s'ajoutent. Il n'a constate aucun effet sur la valeur nutritive des proteines. En 1962, le Ministere de la sante publique du Royaume-Uni a cree un groupe de travail charge d'examiner les effets des rayonnements sur les produits alimentaires et de faire un rapport sur la necessite d'un controle officiel. L'auteur examine le rapport du groupe de travail, publie en 1964, en tenant compte ' des essais de comestibilite effectues au Royaume-Uni. (author) [Spanish] En la memoria se describen las pruebas de comestibilidad realizadas en el Reino. Unido como parte del programa de irradiacion de alimentos. Se han efectuado estudios a corto plazo con ratas, pollos y cerdos, y a largo plazo con ratas y ratones, y no se han observado efectos perniciosos que puedan atribuirse al consumo de alimentos irradiados por dichos animales. Estas pruebas se efectuaron pensando en procesos especificos de irradiacion con dosis bajas o moderadas. Se utilizaron, en efecto, cereales sometidos a 20 000 y 200 000 rad de rayos gamma y huevos congelados, irradiados con 0,5 y 1,0 Mrad para eliminar las Salmonellae. Ademas se han realizado pruebas con jamon tratado con dosis de 250 000 rad, para prolongar su periodo de almacenamiento, y con dosis de 2 Mrad. Se estan ejecutando estudios a largo plazo con el fin de investigar la comestibilidad del pescado tratado con 0,6 Mrad (la dosis maxima que probablemente se administrara para prolongar el periodo de almacenamiento en frigorifico (0 Degree-Sign -4 Degree-Sign C)). Tambien se han emprendido pruebas de corta duracion con patatas (10 000 rad) y carne de caballo (0,65 Mrad). Se han investigado, por analisis microbiologico, las.propiedades nutritivas de los cereales, los huevos, el pescado y algunos alimentos de consumo animal irradiados. Las perdidas de vitaminas B son analogas a las indicadas por investigadores de los Estados Unidos, y son del mismo orden de magnitud que las que ocasiona el tratamiento termico, aunque se ha observado que la sensibilidad d Inverted-Question-Mark determinadas vitaminas al calor y a la irradiacion es diferente. Las perdidas de vitaminas B producidas por irradiacion y cochura son acumulativas. No se ha observado efecto alguno en el valor nutritivo de las proteinas. En 1962, el Ministerio de Sanidad Publica del Reino Unido constituyo un Grupo de trabajo encargado de estudiar los efectos de las radiaciones en los alimentos y de presentar un informe sobre la necesidad de controles oficiales. En la memoria se examina el informe del Grupo de trabajo, publicado en 1964, en relacion con las pruebas de comestibilidad efectuadas en el Reino Unido. (author) [Russian] Daetsja opisanie ispytanij, provedennyh v Soedinennom Korolevstve, na sohranenie pishhevymi produktami vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv. Ispytanija velis' po programme obluchenija produktov pitanija. Kratkosrochnye issledovanija kormlenija krys, kur i svinej i dlitel'nye issledovanija kormlenija krys i myshej obluchennym kormom ne pokazali kakogo-libo vrednogo vlijanija jetogo korma na organizm. Opyty s kormleniem zhivotnyh byli prednaznacheny dlja vyjavlenija specificheskih processov obluchenija, i vse jeti processy ohvatyvajut ispol'zovanie nizkih ili umerennyh doz radiacii. Tak, zerno, obrabotannoe gamma-luchami dozoj v 20 000 i 200 000 rad, i zamorozhennye jajca (obluchennye dlja togo, chtoby ubit' salmonellae), obluchennye dozami 0,5 i 1,0 megarad, skarmlivali zhivotnym. Ispytyvalas' vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 250 000 rad dlja prodl nija srokov ee hranenija, a takzhe vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 2 megarada. V nastojashhee vremja provodjatsja dlitel'nye issledovanija po izucheniju voprosa sohranenija vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv ryby, obrabotannoj dozoj 0,6 megarada (maksimal'naja doza, kotoraja, verojatno, budet ispol'zovat'sja dlja obespechenija dlitel'nogo hranenija v zamorozhennom so- stojajii (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C)). Kratkosrochnye opyty provedeny takzhe s kartofelem (10 00O rad) i koninoj (0,65 megarada). Pitatel'nye kachestva obluchennogo zerna, jaic, ryby i nekotoryh kormov dlja zhivotnyh issledovalis' s ispol'zovaniem mikrobiologicheskih metodov analiza. Kak ustanovleno, poteri vitamina V sravnimy s poterjami, o kotoryh soobshhaetsja issledovateljami v Soedinennyh Shtatah, oni ravny poterjam pri nagrevanii, hotja nabljudalis' razlichija v chuvstvitel'nosti otdel'nyh vitaminov k nagrevaniju i oblucheniju. Ustanovleno, chto poteri vitamina V pri obluchenii i varke dopolnjajut drug druga. Ne ustanovleno vlijanie obluchenija na pitatel'nye kachestva proteina. V 1962 godu Ministerstvo zdravoohranenija Soedinennogo Korolevstva sozdalo rabochuju gruppu dlja sostavlenija obzora vlijanija obluchenija na produkty pitanija i podgotovki doklada o neobhodimosti oficial'nogo kontrolja. Doklad jetoj gruppy, opublikovannyj v 1964 godu, rassmatrivaetsja v svjazi s provodimymi v Soedinennom Korolevstve ispytanijami otnositel'no sohranenija vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv pishhevyh produktov. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1966}
month = {Nov}
}