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European Union [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy]

Abstract

The European Union comprises highly industrialized countries with extended urban agglomerations, and therefore needs to rely on a secure and economically competitive supply of energy. As of 2007 the European Union, with 7.5% (or 496 million) of the world population, consumed 15% (1757 Mtoe) of the total energy and 18% (3325 TW-h) of the total electricity, and was responsible for 14% (4100 million t) of the total CO{sub 2} emissions. Primary energy by fuel share is 19% coal (down from 28% in 1990), 35% oil, 25% natural gas, 14% nuclear and 8% renewables. The respective electricity shares are 31% coal, 28% nuclear, 22% natural gas, 9% hydro, 6% other renewables and 3% oil. The production of oil and natural gas in the European Union has been decreasing for a few years. The situation in the European Union as projected for the next 30 years is characterized by a growing demand for energy by 2 %/a and, at the same time (after 2010), decreasing domestic energy production. In 2030, if no additional measures are taken, 70% of the energy demand will have to be covered by imports. In addition, this development will push CO{sub 2} emissions up 14% compared to the  More>>
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 2013
Product Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 3 figs.; Related Information: In: Hydrogen Production Using Nuclear Energy| by Verfondern, K. (comp.) [Research Centre Juelich (Germany)]| 400 p.
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 08 HYDROGEN; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; CARBON DIOXIDE; COAL; DECISION MAKING; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; ECONOMICS; ELECTRICITY; ENERGY DEMAND; ENERGY POLICY; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; EUROPEAN UNION; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; NATURAL GAS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
OSTI ID:
22117383
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Nuclear Power, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1995-7807; ISBN 978-92-0-135110-4; TRN: XA13R0572074004
Availability:
Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/Pub1577_web.pdf; Enquiries should be addressed to IAEA, Marketing and Sales Unit, Publishing Section, E-mail: sales.publications@iaea.org; Web site: http://www.iaea.org/books
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 17-24
Announcement Date:
Aug 01, 2013

Citation Formats

None. European Union [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy]. IAEA: N. p., 2013. Web.
None. European Union [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy]. IAEA.
None. 2013. "European Union [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy]." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22117383,
title = {European Union [National and regional programmes on the production of hydrogen using nuclear energy]}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {The European Union comprises highly industrialized countries with extended urban agglomerations, and therefore needs to rely on a secure and economically competitive supply of energy. As of 2007 the European Union, with 7.5% (or 496 million) of the world population, consumed 15% (1757 Mtoe) of the total energy and 18% (3325 TW-h) of the total electricity, and was responsible for 14% (4100 million t) of the total CO{sub 2} emissions. Primary energy by fuel share is 19% coal (down from 28% in 1990), 35% oil, 25% natural gas, 14% nuclear and 8% renewables. The respective electricity shares are 31% coal, 28% nuclear, 22% natural gas, 9% hydro, 6% other renewables and 3% oil. The production of oil and natural gas in the European Union has been decreasing for a few years. The situation in the European Union as projected for the next 30 years is characterized by a growing demand for energy by 2 %/a and, at the same time (after 2010), decreasing domestic energy production. In 2030, if no additional measures are taken, 70% of the energy demand will have to be covered by imports. In addition, this development will push CO{sub 2} emissions up 14% compared to the 1990 level, far off the Kyoto commitment of an 8% reduction. For these reasons, all energy options should be left open for the future. In 2007, principal energy and climate policy targets for the European Union were redefined by the European Council (the decision making organ of the European Union) to be attained by the year 2020, which are characterized by the 'three twenties': - A 20% reduction of GHGs compared to the 1990 level; - A 20% share of renewable energies of end use (compared to 8.5% at present); - A 20% efficiency of energy use.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2013}
month = {Mar}
}