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Prospects for the Use of Plutonium in Reactors; Prospective d'Utilisation du Plutonium dans les Reacteurs

Conference:

Abstract

The introduction, at an increasing rate, of power reactors using slightly enriched uranium will inevitably lead to the production of considerable quantities of plutonium over the next decade. Fast reactors will not be capable of absorbing this material before 1980. The question thus arises of whether one should store the plutonium far future use in fast reactors, recycle it in existing thermal reactors, or try to sell it. The problem has been studied for an electric power generating system that does not foresee selling the plutonium produced by its reactors and does not buy plutonium outside, which enables a good approximation to be made and eliminates the major unknown quantity represented by the future market price of plutonium. Assuming within this system a programme that provides for the construction of power reactors of a given type and capacity at specific dates, the utilization of the plutonium produced can be optimized by linear programming techniques so as to minimize the discounted total cost of the power generated over a given period. A later stage consists in optimizing, by various techniques, not only the utilization but also the production of plutonium by appropriate selection of the power reactor types to be constructed.  More>>
Authors:
Fossoul, E.; Haubert, P.; [1]  Hirschberg, D.; Morlet, E. [2] 
  1. BELGONUCLEAIRE (Belgium)
  2. International Business Machines of Belgium, Bruxelles (Belgium)
Publication Date:
Sep 15, 1967
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-SM-88/18
Resource Relation:
Conference: Symposium on the Use of Plutonium as a Reactor Fuel, Brussels (Belgium), 13-17 Mar 1967; Other Information: 2 refs., 23 figs., 2 tabs.; Related Information: In: Plutonium as a Reactor Fuel. Proceedings of a Symposium on the Use of Plutonium as a Reactor Fuel| 876 p.
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; APPROXIMATIONS; COST; ELECTRIC POWER; FAST REACTORS; LINEAR PROGRAMMING; MARKET; OPTIMIZATION; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM RECYCLE; POWER REACTORS; SLIGHTLY ENRICHED URANIUM; THERMAL REACTORS
OSTI ID:
22117166
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13M1398073787
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 767-776
Announcement Date:
Aug 01, 2013

Conference:

Citation Formats

Fossoul, E., Haubert, P., Hirschberg, D., and Morlet, E. Prospects for the Use of Plutonium in Reactors; Prospective d'Utilisation du Plutonium dans les Reacteurs. IAEA: N. p., 1967. Web.
Fossoul, E., Haubert, P., Hirschberg, D., & Morlet, E. Prospects for the Use of Plutonium in Reactors; Prospective d'Utilisation du Plutonium dans les Reacteurs. IAEA.
Fossoul, E., Haubert, P., Hirschberg, D., and Morlet, E. 1967. "Prospects for the Use of Plutonium in Reactors; Prospective d'Utilisation du Plutonium dans les Reacteurs." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22117166,
title = {Prospects for the Use of Plutonium in Reactors; Prospective d'Utilisation du Plutonium dans les Reacteurs}
author = {Fossoul, E., Haubert, P., Hirschberg, D., and Morlet, E.}
abstractNote = {The introduction, at an increasing rate, of power reactors using slightly enriched uranium will inevitably lead to the production of considerable quantities of plutonium over the next decade. Fast reactors will not be capable of absorbing this material before 1980. The question thus arises of whether one should store the plutonium far future use in fast reactors, recycle it in existing thermal reactors, or try to sell it. The problem has been studied for an electric power generating system that does not foresee selling the plutonium produced by its reactors and does not buy plutonium outside, which enables a good approximation to be made and eliminates the major unknown quantity represented by the future market price of plutonium. Assuming within this system a programme that provides for the construction of power reactors of a given type and capacity at specific dates, the utilization of the plutonium produced can be optimized by linear programming techniques so as to minimize the discounted total cost of the power generated over a given period. A later stage consists in optimizing, by various techniques, not only the utilization but also the production of plutonium by appropriate selection of the power reactor types to be constructed. (author) [French] L'implantation, a un rythme croissant, de centrales nucleaires a uranium legerement enrichi entrainera la production ineluctable d'une quantite importante de plutonium au cours de la prochaine decennie. Les reacteurs a neutrons rapides ne seront capables d'absorber cette production qu'apres 1980. La question se pose donc de savoir s'il est preferable de stocker le plutonium en vue de son utilisation ulterieure dans les reacteurs a neutrons rapides plutot que de le recycler dans les reacteurs actuels a neutrons thermiques ou d'essayer de le vendre. Ce probleme a ete etudie dans le cadre d'un systeme de production d'energie electrique qui ne prevoirait pas la vente du plutonium produit par ses reacteurs nucleaires ni son acquisition a l'exterieur, ce qui permet de faire une bonne approximation et d'eliminer la grande inconnue du prix de marche du plutonium dans les decennies a venir. Etant donne pour ce systeme une politique d'implantation de centrales nucleaires, c'est-a-dire un ensemble de decisions d'installer des centrales de type et de puissance donnes a des dates donnees, les techniques de programmation lineaire permettent d'optimiser l'utilisation du plutonium produit de facon a minimiser le cout total actualise de la production cumulee d'energie electrique pendant une periode determinee. Une etape ulterieure est l'optimisation, par des techniques differentes, non seulement de l'utilisation mais aussi de la production de plutonium, et cela en choisissant les types de reacteurs a installer dans les differentes centrales. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1967}
month = {Sep}
}