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Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial

Conference:

Abstract

A broad range of researches have been undertaken in the USAEC 'Process radiation development program'. The primary objective of these studies is to foster development of technology leading to the productive industrial use of ionizing radiation. Results of fourteen of these investigations are reported.some in outline in this paper and some in detail in these Proceedings. The subjects included are researches on: (1) Preparation of wood-plastic combinations using gamma radiation to induce polymerization. (2) Use of fission-product beta radiation for the hydrogenation of coal and coal products to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels. (3) Production of semi-conductor devices with the formation of predetermined spacial distribution impurity patterns via neutron transmutation doping. (4) Radiation-induced polymerization of ethylene and copolymers. (5) Basic studies in radiation-induced reaction mechanisms and kinetics. (6) Radiation chemistry involved in the fluorination of various aromatic compounds. (7) Use of polyfunctional monomers for enhanced radiation cross-linking of polyethylene, polypropylene, polyisobutylene and cellulose acetate. (8) Effect of swelling, strain and temperature on the physical and chemical properties of radiation produced polymers. (9) Radiation-induced changes in polymers leading to graft copolymerization as influenced by structural factors. (10) The utilization of nuclear radiation for the modification of textile materials. (11) Radiation-induced reactions utilizing  More>>
Authors:
Machurek, J. E.; Stein, M. H. [1] 
  1. Division of Isotopes Development, USAEC, Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 1963
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference on the Application of Large Radiation Sources in Industry, Salzburg (Austria), 27-31 May 1963; Other Information: 2 tabs., 15 refs.; Related Information: In: Industrial Use of Large Radiation Sources. Proceedings of a Conference on the Application of Large Radiation Sources in Industry. V. I| 436 p.
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; AROMATICS; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; COAL; COPOLYMERIZATION; COPOLYMERS; CROSS-LINKING; DOSIMETRY; GAMMA RADIATION; ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; POLYETHYLENES; POLYPROPYLENE; REACTION KINETICS; SOLAR CELLS
OSTI ID:
22100749
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA13R0322058797
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 15-39
Announcement Date:
Jun 06, 2013

Conference:

Citation Formats

Machurek, J. E., and Stein, M. H. Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial. IAEA: N. p., 1963. Web.
Machurek, J. E., & Stein, M. H. Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial. IAEA.
Machurek, J. E., and Stein, M. H. 1963. "Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22100749,
title = {Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial}
author = {Machurek, J. E., and Stein, M. H.}
abstractNote = {A broad range of researches have been undertaken in the USAEC 'Process radiation development program'. The primary objective of these studies is to foster development of technology leading to the productive industrial use of ionizing radiation. Results of fourteen of these investigations are reported.some in outline in this paper and some in detail in these Proceedings. The subjects included are researches on: (1) Preparation of wood-plastic combinations using gamma radiation to induce polymerization. (2) Use of fission-product beta radiation for the hydrogenation of coal and coal products to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels. (3) Production of semi-conductor devices with the formation of predetermined spacial distribution impurity patterns via neutron transmutation doping. (4) Radiation-induced polymerization of ethylene and copolymers. (5) Basic studies in radiation-induced reaction mechanisms and kinetics. (6) Radiation chemistry involved in the fluorination of various aromatic compounds. (7) Use of polyfunctional monomers for enhanced radiation cross-linking of polyethylene, polypropylene, polyisobutylene and cellulose acetate. (8) Effect of swelling, strain and temperature on the physical and chemical properties of radiation produced polymers. (9) Radiation-induced changes in polymers leading to graft copolymerization as influenced by structural factors. (10) The utilization of nuclear radiation for the modification of textile materials. (11) Radiation-induced reactions utilizing krypton-85. (12) The preparation of a ''Radiation Handbook''. (13) Use of the organometallic bond in high level gamma radiation dosimetry. (14) The development of a solar cell dosimeter. (author) [French] Des recherches tres diverses ont ete entreprises dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements execute par la CEA-EU. Ce programme a pour but essentiel de favoriser le developpement de la technologie en vue d'un emploi industriel productif des rayonnements ionisants. Les auteurs donnent les resultats de quatorze de ces travaux; certains sont decrits succinctement dans le memoire et d'autres sont exposes en detail dans les comptes rendus. Les sujets traites sont les suivants: 1. Preparation de produits bois-matiere plastique en utilisant des rayons gamma pour induire la polymerisation. 2. Emploi du rayonnement beta des produits de fission pour l'hydrogenation de la houille et de ses derives pour produire des hydrocarbures liquides. 3. Production de semi-conducteurs dans lesquels on repartit les impuretes selon un schema spatial fixe a l'avance, a l'aide de transmutations neutroniques. 4. Polymerisation radioinduite de l'ethylene et de ses copolymeres. 5. Etude fondamentale du mecanisme et de la cinetique des reactions radioinduites. 6. La. radiochimie dans la fluoration de divers composes aromatiques. 7. Emploi de monomeres polyfonctionnels pour augmenter la radioreticulation du polyethylene, du polypropylene, du polyisobutylene et de l'acetate de cellulose. 8. Effets du gonflement, des contraintes et d e la temperature sur les proprietes physiques et chimiques des polymeres produits au moyen des rayonnements. 9. Influence des facteurs structurels sur les modifications radioinduites dans les polymeres conduisant a la copolymerisation par greffage. 10. Utilisation des rayonnements pour modifier les proprietes de matieres textiles. 11. Reactions radioinduites utilisant le krypton-85. 12. Preparation d'un ''Manuel des rayonnements''. 13. Utilisation de la liaison organometallique en dosimetrie des rayons gamma intenses. 14. Mise au point d'un dosimetre a cellule solaire. (author) [Spanish] Dentro del marco de su programa de fomento de la irradiacion industrial, la Comision de Energia Atomica de los Estados Unidos ha emprendido una amplia serie de investigaciones cuyo objetivo principal es estimular un progreso tecnologico que facilite el empleo de las radiaciones ionizantes en la produccion industrial. Los autores comunican los resultados de catorce de esas investigaciones, resumiendo algunos en la monografia y dando mas detalles sobre otros en las actas respectivas. Los temas tratados son los siguientes: 1. Preparacion de combinaciones madera-materiales plasticos utilizando las radiaciones gamma para inducir la polimerizacion. 2. Empleo de las radiaciones beta emitidas por los productos de fision para la hidrogenacion del carbono y sus derivados con miras a la produccion de hidrocarburos liquidos combustibles. 3. Preparacion de semiconductores en los cuales las impurezas se distribuyen con arreglo a un esquema espacial predeterminado, con ayuda de transmutaciones neutronicas. 4. Polimerizacion radioinducida del etileno y sus copolimeroe. 5. Estudios basicos de los mecanismos y la cinetica de las reacciones radioinducidas. 6. Aspectos radioquimicos de la fluoracion de diversos compuestos aromaticos. 7. Empleo de monomeros polifuncionales para acrecentar la radiorreticulacion en el polietileno, el polipropileno, el poliisobutileno y el acetato de celulosa. 8. Efectos de la turgencia, tension y temperatura sobre las propiedades fisicas y quimicas de los polimeros producidos con ayuda de las radiaciones. 9. Influencia de los factores estructurales sobre las modificaciones radioinducidas en polimeros que conducen a la copolimerizacion por injerto. 10. Utilizacion de las radiaciones nucleares para modificar las propiedades de los materiales textiles. 11. Reacciones radioinducidas en las que se utiliza el cripton-85. 12. Preparacion de un ''Manual de Radiaciones''. 13. Empleo de enlaces organometalicos en la dosimetria de radiaciones gamma de elevada intensidad. 14. Preparacion de un dosimetro de celula solar. (author) [Russian] V sootvetstvii s programmoj issledovanij radiatsionnykh protsessov Komissii po atomnoj ehnergii SSHA byli provedeny obshirnye izyskaniya. Glavnaya tsel' ehtikh issledovanij sostoit v sodejstvii razrabotke tekhnologii, kotoraya obespechila by ehffektivnoe ispol'zovanie ioniziruyushchikh izluchenij v promyshlennosti. Provedeno chetyrnadtsat' takikh issledovanij, rezul'taty nekotorykh iz nikh izlozheny v obshchikh chertakh v dannoj rabote, ostal'nye izlagayutsya bolee podrobno - v drugikh stat'yakh trudov. Temy issledovanij vklyuchayut: 1. Prigotovlenie kombinatsij derevo-plastik, ispol'zuya gamma-izluchenie dlya indutsirovaniya polimerizatsii. 2. Ispol'zovanie beta-izlucheniya produktov deleniya dlya gidrogenizatsii uglya, i ego produktov s tsel'yu polucheniya zhidkogo uglevodorodnogo topliva. 3. Poluchenie poluprovodnikovykh priborov s formirovaniem zadannogo prostranstvennogo raspredeleniya primesej v zavisimosti ot legirovaniya putem nejtronnykh prevrashchenij. 4. Vyzvannaya izlucheniem polimerizatsiya ehtilena i sopolimerov. 5. Osnovnye issledovaniya mekhanizmov i kinetiki reaktsij, vyzvannykh izlucheniem. 6. Radiatsionno-khimicheskie protsessy pri ftorirovanii razlichnykh aromaticheskikh soedinenij. 7. Ispol'zovanie polifunktsional'nykh monomerov dlya intensifikatsii radiatsionnogo sshivaniya poliehtilena, polipropilena, poliizobutilena i atsetattsellyulozy. 8. Vliyanie nabukhaniya, deformatsii i temperatury na fizicheskie i khimicheskie svojstva polimerov, poluchennykh s pomoshch'yu radiatsii. 9. Vliyanie strukturnykh faktorov na radiatsionnye izmeneniya v polimerakh, privodyashchie k graftsopolimerizatsii. 10. Ispol'zovanie yadernykh izluchenij dlya modifikatstsii tekstil'nykh materialov. 11. Reaktsii, vyzvannye izlucheniem kriptona-85. 12. Podgotovka ''Spravochnika po radiatsii''. 13. Ispol'zovanie metalloorganicheskoj svyazi dlya gamma-dozimetrii pri bol'shikh moshchnostyakh dozy. 14. Razrabotka dozimetra s solnechnym ehlementom. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1963}
month = {Nov}
}