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Institutional effectiveness of energy efficiency national programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay cases; Eficacia institucional de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energetica: los casos del Brasil, Chile, Mexico y el Uruguay

Abstract

This work describes the experience of four Latin American countries in the area of energy efficiency (EE), with particular emphasis on the creation and effectiveness of institutional systems needed to develop policies, programs and mechanisms to promote EE. The wide variety of situations presented in the study of national cases in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay, as well as the wealth of their experiences may provide significant contributions to the promotion of EE in the region. Brazil stands out because of its long and rich history in the field of promoting EE, in particular, for work conducted in 1985 by PORCEL, a federal program with its base of operations at ELETROBRAS, which served as the national coordinator of EE activities in the electric sector during a large part of the period and was responsible for the successful implementation of activities to foster EE in various areas. While PROCEL and CONPET continue to fulfill an important role, other actors have become involved over time in the activities related to EE, with a gradual transfer over recent years of the activities of these programs to the primary agencies in the sector, particularly MME, ANEEL, ANP and EPE. Currently, Brazil has an extensive  More>>
Authors:
Ruchansky, Beno; [1]  De Buen Rodriguez, Odon; [2]  Januzzi, Gilberto; Romero, Andres
  1. Division de Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura de la CEPAL (Chile)
  2. Energia, Tecnologia y Educacion, S.C., ENTE, S.C. (Mexico)
Publication Date:
May 15, 2011
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ENERGY POLICY; NATIONAL ENERGY PLANS; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; MEXICO; CHILE; BRAZIL; URUGUAY; NUMERICAL DATA
OSTI ID:
22090365
Research Organizations:
Division de Recursos Naturales e Infraestructura de la CEPAL (Chile); Ministerio de Cooperacion Economica y Desarrollo de Alemania (Germany); Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internaionale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (Germany)
Country of Origin:
Mexico
Language:
Spanish
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: MX1300014
Availability:
Available from: http://www.eclac.org/publicaciones/xml/5/43705/Lcl3322e.pdf
Submitting Site:
MX
Size:
[77 page(s)]
Announcement Date:
Apr 25, 2013

Citation Formats

Ruchansky, Beno, De Buen Rodriguez, Odon, Januzzi, Gilberto, and Romero, Andres. Institutional effectiveness of energy efficiency national programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay cases; Eficacia institucional de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energetica: los casos del Brasil, Chile, Mexico y el Uruguay. Mexico: N. p., 2011. Web.
Ruchansky, Beno, De Buen Rodriguez, Odon, Januzzi, Gilberto, & Romero, Andres. Institutional effectiveness of energy efficiency national programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay cases; Eficacia institucional de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energetica: los casos del Brasil, Chile, Mexico y el Uruguay. Mexico.
Ruchansky, Beno, De Buen Rodriguez, Odon, Januzzi, Gilberto, and Romero, Andres. 2011. "Institutional effectiveness of energy efficiency national programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay cases; Eficacia institucional de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energetica: los casos del Brasil, Chile, Mexico y el Uruguay." Mexico.
@misc{etde_22090365,
title = {Institutional effectiveness of energy efficiency national programs: Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay cases; Eficacia institucional de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energetica: los casos del Brasil, Chile, Mexico y el Uruguay}
author = {Ruchansky, Beno, De Buen Rodriguez, Odon, Januzzi, Gilberto, and Romero, Andres}
abstractNote = {This work describes the experience of four Latin American countries in the area of energy efficiency (EE), with particular emphasis on the creation and effectiveness of institutional systems needed to develop policies, programs and mechanisms to promote EE. The wide variety of situations presented in the study of national cases in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay, as well as the wealth of their experiences may provide significant contributions to the promotion of EE in the region. Brazil stands out because of its long and rich history in the field of promoting EE, in particular, for work conducted in 1985 by PORCEL, a federal program with its base of operations at ELETROBRAS, which served as the national coordinator of EE activities in the electric sector during a large part of the period and was responsible for the successful implementation of activities to foster EE in various areas. While PROCEL and CONPET continue to fulfill an important role, other actors have become involved over time in the activities related to EE, with a gradual transfer over recent years of the activities of these programs to the primary agencies in the sector, particularly MME, ANEEL, ANP and EPE. Currently, Brazil has an extensive network of public and private institutions involved in the area of EE, as well as norms that encourage EE with sufficient resources and regulatory mechanisms to finance and guide these activities. Although a large variety of initiatives have been implemented, they do not yet constitute a national EE policy. Thus, the need is seen for greater institutional coordination that allows for improving the convergence of results, utilizing economies of scale and creating opportunities to develop a national EE policy. Along the lines of the perspective described, the development is underway of a National Energy Efficiency Plan (PNEf, Spanish acronym), coordinated by the MME, that should include the basic elements needed to define an EE policy. Chile has relatively recently begun to seriously and systematically address the issues concerning EE. In fact, as a result of their nomination to join the OCDE in 2005, it was decided to create the PPEE in response to an OCDE demand related to that nomination. The PPEE is a public-private program with special emphasis on the participatory nature of its actions. Its institutionalization was structured according to the actions of an Advisory Committee (consultant on EE policies) and an Operations Committee responsible for conducting follow-up on EE projects in the areas of housing, construction, transportation, industry and mining, among others. During its four years of operations, the PPEE has achieved implementation of an institutional arrangement in the terms of a project, organization and resources, able to successfully address cultural and information barriers and advance the creation of EE as a source of energy contributing to Chile's sustainable energy development. The removal of technical, institutional and financial barriers, which continue to exist, will require additional efforts to invest in human capital and strengthen the services and technologies markets. The decision to move from a transitory institutional arrangement such as a program to a permanent one such as an agency will contribute to providing to the long-term sustainability of EE. Mexico is one of the countries in Latin America with a longer tradition and greater impact from actions and programs for the efficient use of energy, particularly in the electric sector. During more than 25 years, it has been establishing institutions and programs whose adequate design, designation of resources, permanence and long periods of continuity in the management of institutions made it possible to achieve significant successes in the field. The legal framework in which EE is developed is primarily based on 3 laws: LFMN, taking effect in 1992 as part of the process to open Mexico's commercial market, with very significant impacts on economically improving EE; the LASE, effective in 2008, whose objective is to achieve the sustainable use of energy through its optimal utilization in all processes and activities and; LAERFTE, which establishes the SENER's obligation to design and issue the national strategy for sustainable energy use. The Comision Federal de Electricidad though several programs that were managed in the field (PRONUREE; PAESE; FIPATERM) is historically one of the key actors in Mexico's national efforts on EE. The CONUEE (formerly CONAE), part of the SENER, has stood out in the past for its contribution to the design and implementation of Mexican norms for EE, and is currently responsible for PRONASE. In addition to the successes attained, improvement is needed in the area of management, designation of resources and specific technical capacities, as well as certain legal modifications. Also of concern is putting politics before policy in a subject that should be developed with the broadest consensus. Recently, since 2005, the promotion of EE has become relevant in Uruguayan society, with the implementation of PEE-UY. In particular (going beyond specific activities aimed at palliating energy deficit situations), it is worth mentioning the efforts of the UTE in the plans of the DSM and DNE, as part of the RCP of Mercosur sub-commission. The institutional design of EE activities was shaped over time as a result of the activities of the PEE-UY, with the leadership of DNE and strong involvement by UTE. Most recently, the legal basis for the inclusion of EE in the national energy policy was established through the sanctioning of several laws to promote EE, the creation of the Inter-institutional EE Working Group (with the objective of developing a 15-year National EE Plan) and the inclusion of policies promoting EE in the Multi-party Agreement on Energy. While the results are encouraging, there is still much work to be done to create an institutionalization that permanently supports the implementation of mechanisms, programs and policies to promote EE. [Spanish] En este trabajo se aborda la experiencia de cuatro paises latinoamericanos en temas relacionados con la Eficiencia Energetica (EE), con especial enfasis en la creacion de la institucionalidad requerida para el desarrollo de politicas, programas y mecanismos de promocion de la EE, y su eficacia para el logro de tal fin. El amplio abanico de situaciones que presenta el estudio de los casos nacionales de Brasil, Chile, Mexico y Uruguay, asi como la riqueza de sus experiencias, pueden constituir un importante aporte para la promocion de la EE en la region. Brasil destaca por su larga y rica trayectoria en el campo de la promocion de la EE. Entre esos antecedentes sobresale la labor realizada desde 1985 por el PROCEL, un programa federal con base de operacion en ELETROBRAS, que oficio en gran parte del periodo como coordinador nacional de las actividades de EE en el sector electrico y fue responsable de la exitosa implementacion de actividades de fomento a la EE en multiples areas. Si bien el PROCEL y CONPET siguen cumpliendo un importante rol, a lo largo del tiempo, se han ido incorporando otros actores a las actividades relacionadas con la EE, constatandose en los ultimos anos un gradual traspaso de las actividades de dichos programas hacia las principales agencias del sector, particularmente MME, ANEEL, ANP y EPE. Actualmente Brasil presenta una extensa red de instituciones publicas y privadas que actuan en el ambito de la EE, asi como un marco normativo favorable al impulso de la EE, con recursos y mecanismos regulatorios adecuados para financiar y orientar dichas actividades. No obstante la multiplicidad de iniciativas implementadas, estas no constituyen aun una politica nacional de EE. En este sentido es perceptible la necesidad de una mayor coordinacion institucional que permita una mejor convergencia de resultados, aprovechamiento de las economias de escala y que genere oportunidades para la elaboracion de una politica nacional de EE. En la perspectiva delineada, esta en curso la elaboracion de un Plan Nacional de Eficiencia Energetica (PNEf), coordinado por el MME, que debera contar con los ingredientes basicos necesarios para definir una politica de EE. Es en fechas relativamente recientes que Chile ha comenzado a abordar de manera seria y sistematica los temas relacionados con la EE. De hecho, fue a partir de su postulacion a integrar la OCDE en 2005, que se decidio la creacion del PPEE, como respuesta a una exigencia de la OCDE para que pudiese continuar con su postulacion. El PPEE es un Programa de caracter publico-privado, en el que se ha puesto especial enfasis en el caracter participativo de sus acciones. Su institucionalidad se vertebro en torno a la actuacion de un Consejo Consultivo (asesor en materia de politicas de EE) y un Comite Operativo, cuyo cometido es realizar el seguimiento de proyectos de EE en las areas de vivienda, construccion, transporte, industria y mineria, entre otras. En cuatro anos de actuacion, el PPEE ha logrado implementar un arreglo institucional, en terminos de proyecto, organizacion y recursos, capaz de enfrentar con exito las barreras culturales e informativas y avanzar en la consolidacion de la EE como una fuente de energia que contribuya al desarrollo energetico sostenible de Chile. La remocion de las barreras tecnicas, institucionales y financieras, que aun persisten, requerira de esfuerzos adicionales de inversion en capital humano y en el fortalecimiento del mercado de servicios y tecnologias. La decision de transitar de una institucionalidad transitoria como un Programa, a una definitiva como una Agencia, contribuira a darle a la EE una sostenibilidad de largo plazo. Mexico es uno de los paises de America Latina con mayor tradicion e impacto en acciones y programas de uso eficiente de la energia, particularmente en el sector electrico. En el transcurso de mas de 25 anos se han ido estableciendo instituciones y programas cuyo adecuado diseno, asignacion de recursos, permanencia y largos periodos de continuidad en la direccion de sus instituciones, permitieron el logro de importantes exitos en la materia. El marco legal en el que se desenvuelve la EE descansa esencialmente en 3 leyes: la LFMN, expedida en 1992 como parte del proceso de apertura comercial de Mexico, con impactos muy significativos en la mejora de la EE de su economia; la LASE, sancionada en el 2008 con el objetivo de lograr un uso sostenible de la energia mediante su aprovechamiento optimo en todos los procesos y actividades; y la LAERFTE, que establece para la SENER la obligacion de disenar y expedir la estrategia nacional para el aprovechamiento sustentable de la energia. La CFE, a traves de varios programas que se manejaron en su ambito (PRONUREE, PAESE, FIPATERM) constituye uno de los actores historicamente claves en los esfuerzos nacionales de Mexico en materia de EE. Del mismo la CONUEE (ex CONAE), dependiente del SENER, se ha destacado en el pasado por su aporte al diseno e implementacion de las Normas Mexicanas de EE, en tanto es responsable en la actualidad del PRONASE. Mas alla de los exitos alcanzados, se requiere una mejora en los aspectos de coordinacion, asignacion de recursos y capacidad tecnica especifica, ademas de llevar a cabo algunas modificaciones legales. Preocupa tambien la preminencia del politics sobre el policy, en un tema que deberia desarrollarse en el mas amplio consenso. Es recien a partir del 2005, con la puesta en marcha del PEE-UY, que la promocion de la EE comienza a tomar relevancia en la sociedad uruguaya. Con anterioridad (mas alla de algunas actividades puntuales destinadas a paliar situaciones de deficit energetico), cabe mencionar la labor de UTE en el plano del DSM y de la DNE en el marco de la subcomision de RCP del Mercosur. El diseno institucional de las actividades de EE se fue moldeando como resultado de las actividades del PEE-UY, con el liderazgo de la DNE y el fuerte involucramiento de UTE. En este ultimo periodo, con la sancion de varias leyes de promocion de la EE, la creacion Grupo de Trabajo Interinstitucional de EE (con el objetivo de elaborar el Plan Nacional de EE con un horizonte de 15 anos) y la inclusion de las politicas de promocion de la EE en el Acuerdo Multipartidario sobre Energia, se asentaron las bases juridicas para la consolidacion de la EE como una componente de la politica energetica nacional. Si bien los resultados son alentadores, queda aun un camino por recorrer para la consolidacion de una institucionalidad que de soporte permanente a la implementacion de mecanismos, programas y politicas de promocion de la EE.}
place = {Mexico}
year = {2011}
month = {May}
}