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Photonics of liquid-crystal structures: A review

Abstract

The original results of studies of the electro-optical and laser effects which have been performed at the Laboratory of Liquid Crystals of the Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, over the last few years are reviewed. Cholesteric liquid crystals as vivid representatives of photonic structures and their behavior in an electric field are considered in detail. The formation of higher harmonics in the periodic distribution of the director field in a helical liquid crystal structure and, correspondingly, the new (anharmonic) mode of electro-optical effects are discussed. Another group of studies is devoted to bistable light switching by an electric field in chiral nematics. Polarization diffraction gratings controlled by an electric field are also considered. The results of studies devoted to microlasers on various photonic structures with cholesteric and nematic liquid crystals are considered in detail. Particular attention is given to the new regime: leaky-mode lasing. Designs of liquid crystal light amplifiers and their polarization, field, and spectral characteristics are considered in the last section.
Authors:
Palto, S. P., E-mail: palto@online.ru; Blinov, L M; Barnik, M I; Lazarev, V V; Umanskii, B A; Shtykov, N M [1] 
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Jul 15, 2011
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystallography Reports; Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2011 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMPLIFIERS; CHIRALITY; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; DIFFRACTION GRATINGS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRO-OPTICAL EFFECTS; HARMONICS; LIQUID CRYSTALS; POLARIZATION; REVIEWS
OSTI ID:
22054273
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 1063-7745; CODEN: CYSTE3; TRN: US12K1284014238
Submitting Site:
USN
Size:
page(s) 622-649
Announcement Date:
Feb 15, 2013

Citation Formats

Palto, S. P., E-mail: palto@online.ru, Blinov, L M, Barnik, M I, Lazarev, V V, Umanskii, B A, and Shtykov, N M. Photonics of liquid-crystal structures: A review. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1134/S106377451104016X.
Palto, S. P., E-mail: palto@online.ru, Blinov, L M, Barnik, M I, Lazarev, V V, Umanskii, B A, & Shtykov, N M. Photonics of liquid-crystal structures: A review. United States. doi:10.1134/S106377451104016X.
Palto, S. P., E-mail: palto@online.ru, Blinov, L M, Barnik, M I, Lazarev, V V, Umanskii, B A, and Shtykov, N M. 2011. "Photonics of liquid-crystal structures: A review." United States. doi:10.1134/S106377451104016X. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1134/S106377451104016X.
@misc{etde_22054273,
title = {Photonics of liquid-crystal structures: A review}
author = {Palto, S. P., E-mail: palto@online.ru, Blinov, L M, Barnik, M I, Lazarev, V V, Umanskii, B A, and Shtykov, N M}
abstractNote = {The original results of studies of the electro-optical and laser effects which have been performed at the Laboratory of Liquid Crystals of the Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, over the last few years are reviewed. Cholesteric liquid crystals as vivid representatives of photonic structures and their behavior in an electric field are considered in detail. The formation of higher harmonics in the periodic distribution of the director field in a helical liquid crystal structure and, correspondingly, the new (anharmonic) mode of electro-optical effects are discussed. Another group of studies is devoted to bistable light switching by an electric field in chiral nematics. Polarization diffraction gratings controlled by an electric field are also considered. The results of studies devoted to microlasers on various photonic structures with cholesteric and nematic liquid crystals are considered in detail. Particular attention is given to the new regime: leaky-mode lasing. Designs of liquid crystal light amplifiers and their polarization, field, and spectral characteristics are considered in the last section.}
doi = {10.1134/S106377451104016X}
journal = {Crystallography Reports}
issue = {4}
volume = {56}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {2011}
month = {Jul}
}