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Electrical characteristics of sphere-plane type spark counters; Caracteristiques electriques de compteurs a etincelles du type sphere-plan; Ehlektricheskie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov tipa shar-ploskost'; Caracteristicas electricas de los contadores de chispas del tipo esfera-plano

Abstract

The authors describe here the mechanical construction and operating characteristics of spark detectors using a small (0.30 mm) diameter sphere as anode, set opposite to a plane cathode and working by the ''corona'' effect, in air at atmospheric pressure. Counting characteristics are very similar to those of Rosenblum-type anode wire detectors. However, the sphere counter has a certain superiority over the Rosenblum counter inherent in its geometry : (a) there sidual current (background) is low and the release of ozone and nitrous oxides during the spark is not of great significance; (b) its self-capacity being very small, the detector gives a faster response; (c) unlike in the case of wire counters, efficiency is independent of particle incidence direction; (d) its sensitive volume, that of a solid of revolution around the axis of symmetry of the detector, amounts to a few cubic millimetres and, being very clearly defined, permits realization of accurate telescopic devices. (author) [French] Les auteurs decrivent la realisation mecanique et les caracteristiques de fonctionnement de detecteurs a etincelles utilisant comme anode une sphere de petit diametre (0,30 mm), disposee en regard d'une cathode plane, et fonctionnant en regime d'effet , dans l'air sous la pression atmospherique. Les caracteristiques  More>>
Authors:
Laborie, P; Blanc, D [1] 
  1. Centre de Physique Nucleaire, Faculte des Sciences de Toulouse (France)
Publication Date:
Apr 15, 1962
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference on Nuclear Electronics, Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia), 15-20 May 1961; Other Information: 9 figs, 7 refs; Related Information: In: Nuclear Electronics I. Proceedings of the Conference on Nuclear Electronics. Vol. I| 611 p.
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; AIR; ANODES; ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE; CATHODES; EFFICIENCY; GEOMETRY; NITROUS OXIDE; OZONE; PARTICLES; SPARK COUNTERS; SPHERES; WIRES
OSTI ID:
22028334
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 0074-1884; TRN: XA12N1957116600
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 327-333
Announcement Date:
Jan 18, 2013

Citation Formats

Laborie, P, and Blanc, D. Electrical characteristics of sphere-plane type spark counters; Caracteristiques electriques de compteurs a etincelles du type sphere-plan; Ehlektricheskie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov tipa shar-ploskost'; Caracteristicas electricas de los contadores de chispas del tipo esfera-plano. IAEA: N. p., 1962. Web.
Laborie, P, & Blanc, D. Electrical characteristics of sphere-plane type spark counters; Caracteristiques electriques de compteurs a etincelles du type sphere-plan; Ehlektricheskie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov tipa shar-ploskost'; Caracteristicas electricas de los contadores de chispas del tipo esfera-plano. IAEA.
Laborie, P, and Blanc, D. 1962. "Electrical characteristics of sphere-plane type spark counters; Caracteristiques electriques de compteurs a etincelles du type sphere-plan; Ehlektricheskie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov tipa shar-ploskost'; Caracteristicas electricas de los contadores de chispas del tipo esfera-plano." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22028334,
title = {Electrical characteristics of sphere-plane type spark counters; Caracteristiques electriques de compteurs a etincelles du type sphere-plan; Ehlektricheskie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov tipa shar-ploskost'; Caracteristicas electricas de los contadores de chispas del tipo esfera-plano}
author = {Laborie, P, and Blanc, D}
abstractNote = {The authors describe here the mechanical construction and operating characteristics of spark detectors using a small (0.30 mm) diameter sphere as anode, set opposite to a plane cathode and working by the ''corona'' effect, in air at atmospheric pressure. Counting characteristics are very similar to those of Rosenblum-type anode wire detectors. However, the sphere counter has a certain superiority over the Rosenblum counter inherent in its geometry : (a) there sidual current (background) is low and the release of ozone and nitrous oxides during the spark is not of great significance; (b) its self-capacity being very small, the detector gives a faster response; (c) unlike in the case of wire counters, efficiency is independent of particle incidence direction; (d) its sensitive volume, that of a solid of revolution around the axis of symmetry of the detector, amounts to a few cubic millimetres and, being very clearly defined, permits realization of accurate telescopic devices. (author) [French] Les auteurs decrivent la realisation mecanique et les caracteristiques de fonctionnement de detecteurs a etincelles utilisant comme anode une sphere de petit diametre (0,30 mm), disposee en regard d'une cathode plane, et fonctionnant en regime d'effet , dans l'air sous la pression atmospherique. Les caracteristiques de comptage sont voisines de celles des detecteurs a fil anodique, du type Rosenblum. Le compteur a sphere presente cependant sur le compteur de Rosenblum un certain nombre d'avantages lies a sa geometrie: a) le courant residuel (bruit de fond) est faible, et le degagement d'ozone et d'oxydes de l'azote lors des etincelles est peu considerable; b) sa capacite propre etant tres petite, le detecteur presente une reponse plus rapide; c) l'efficacite est independante de la direction d'incidence de la particule, contrairement a ce qui a lieu pour les compteurs a fil; d) le volume sensible de revolution autour de l'axe de symetrie du detecteur, qui est de quelques millimetres cubes, est tres bien defini, ce qui permet la construction de telescopes precis. (author) [Spanish] Los autores describen los detalles mecanicos y las caracteristicas de funcionamiento de unos detectores de chispas en que se utiliza como anodo una esfera de pequeno diametro (0,30 mm), dispuesta frente a un catodo plano y que funcionan en regimen de efecto , en aire a presion atmosferica. Las caracteristicas de contaje son semejantes a las de los detectores de anodo de alambre, de tipo Rosenblum. No obstante, el contador de esfera presenta, con respecto a dicho contador Rosenblum, cierto numero de ventajas derivadas de su geometria: a) la corriente residual (ruido de fondo) es debil y el desprendimiento de ozono y de oxidos de nitrogeno, con las chispas, es poco considerable; b) como su capacidad propia es muy pequena, el detector ofrece una respuesta mas rapida; c) la eficiencia es independiente de la direccion de incidencia de la particula, al reves de lo que ocurre con los contadores de alambre; d) el volumen sensible de revolucion en torno del eje de simetria del detector es de algunos milimetros cubicos y esta muy bien definido, lo que permite la construccion de telescopios de gran precision. (author) [Russian] Avtory opisyvayut mekhanicheskuyu konstruktsiyu i rabochie kharakteristiki iskrovykh schetchikov, v kotorykh v kachestve anoda ispol'zuetsya shar malogo diametra (0,30 mm), raspolozhennyj protiv ploskogo katoda. Ehti schetchiki rabotayut v rezhime ''kol'tsevogo'' yavleniya (''korony'') v vozdukhe pri atmosfernom davlenii. Schetnye kharakteristiki blizki k kharakteristikam schetchikov Rozenblyuma s anodnym provodom. Sharovoj schetchik imeet, odnako, nekotorye preimushchestva po sravneniyu so schetchikom Rozenblyuma, chto svyazano s ego geometriej: 1. ostatochnyj tok (fon) slabyj, a vydelenie ozona i okisi azota vo vremya iskreniya neznachitel'no. 2. Poskol'ku ego sobstvennaya emkost' ochen' mala, schetchik daet bolee bystryj otvet. 3. Ehffektivnost' ne zavisit ot napravleniya padeniya chastitsy v protivopolozhnost' tomu, chto kharakterno dlya provodnykh schetchikov. 4. Chuvstvitel'nyj ob'em vrashcheniya vokrug osi simmetrii schetchika ravnyaetsya neskol'kim kubicheskim millimetram; on ochen' tochno opredelen, chto pozvolyaet sooruzhat' tochnye teleskopy. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1962}
month = {Apr}
}