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Radiation Induced Preparation of Polymer Membranes Grafted with Basic and Acidic Monomers for Application in Wastewater Treatment

Abstract

Polymer membranes (PP and PE) had been grafted with basic and acidic functional groups using gamma radiation. Two binary mixtures had been used for the grafting reactions: acrylic acid/N-vinyl pyrrolidone, and acrylic acid/N-vinyl imidazole. The influence of different reaction parameters on the grafting yield had been investigated as: type of solvent and solvent composition, comonomer concentration and composition, addition of inhibitors, and dose. Water uptake with respect to the grafting yield had also been evaluated. The ability of PP films, grafted with acrylic acid/ vinyl pyrrolidone, to uptake heavy metal ions such as Hg{sup 2+}, Pb{sup 2+}, Cd{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+}, Ni{sup 2+} and Cu{sup 2+} was elaborated. The uptake of the metal ions increases with increasing the grafting yield. Furthermore, the Pb{sup +2} uptake was much higher than the uptake of the Hg{sup 2+} and Cd{sup 2+} ions. The membranes may be considered for the separation of Pb{sup 2+} ions from Hg{sup 2+} or Cd{sup 2+} ions. Also the ability of PE films, grafted with acrylic acid/ N-vinyl imidazole to uptake heavy metal ions such as Pb{sup 2+}, Cd{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 2+} was elaborated. An increase in the uptake of the metal ions was observed as  More>>
Authors:
Ajji, Z [1] 
  1. Polymer Technology Division, Radiation Technology Department, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria (AECS), 17th Nissan Street, Kafar Sousah, Damascus (Syrian Arab Republic)
Publication Date:
Sep 15, 2012
Product Type:
Book
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 31 figs, 11 refs; Related Information: In: Development of Novel Adsorbents and Membranes by Radiation-induced Grafting for Selective Separation in Environmental and Industrial Applications| 290 p.
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; ACRYLIC ACID; BINARY MIXTURES; CADMIUM IONS; COBALT IONS; COPPER IONS; DOSES; FILMS; GAMMA RADIATION; HEAVY METALS; LEAD IONS; MEMBRANES; MERCURY IONS; MONOMERS; NICKEL IONS; POLYMERS; PYRROLIDONES; SOLVENTS; UPTAKE; WASTE WATER
OSTI ID:
22012232
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Industrial Applications and Chemistry Section, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 2225-8833; ISBN 978-92-0-134010-8; TRN: XA12N1792099333
Availability:
Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/P1572_web.pdf; Enquiries should be addressed to IAEA, Marketing and Sales Unit, Publishing Section, E-mail: sales.publications@iaea.org; Web site: http://www.iaea.org/books
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 199-215
Announcement Date:
Jan 03, 2013

Citation Formats

Ajji, Z. Radiation Induced Preparation of Polymer Membranes Grafted with Basic and Acidic Monomers for Application in Wastewater Treatment. IAEA: N. p., 2012. Web.
Ajji, Z. Radiation Induced Preparation of Polymer Membranes Grafted with Basic and Acidic Monomers for Application in Wastewater Treatment. IAEA.
Ajji, Z. 2012. "Radiation Induced Preparation of Polymer Membranes Grafted with Basic and Acidic Monomers for Application in Wastewater Treatment." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22012232,
title = {Radiation Induced Preparation of Polymer Membranes Grafted with Basic and Acidic Monomers for Application in Wastewater Treatment}
author = {Ajji, Z}
abstractNote = {Polymer membranes (PP and PE) had been grafted with basic and acidic functional groups using gamma radiation. Two binary mixtures had been used for the grafting reactions: acrylic acid/N-vinyl pyrrolidone, and acrylic acid/N-vinyl imidazole. The influence of different reaction parameters on the grafting yield had been investigated as: type of solvent and solvent composition, comonomer concentration and composition, addition of inhibitors, and dose. Water uptake with respect to the grafting yield had also been evaluated. The ability of PP films, grafted with acrylic acid/ vinyl pyrrolidone, to uptake heavy metal ions such as Hg{sup 2+}, Pb{sup 2+}, Cd{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+}, Ni{sup 2+} and Cu{sup 2+} was elaborated. The uptake of the metal ions increases with increasing the grafting yield. Furthermore, the Pb{sup +2} uptake was much higher than the uptake of the Hg{sup 2+} and Cd{sup 2+} ions. The membranes may be considered for the separation of Pb{sup 2+} ions from Hg{sup 2+} or Cd{sup 2+} ions. Also the ability of PE films, grafted with acrylic acid/ N-vinyl imidazole to uptake heavy metal ions such as Pb{sup 2+}, Cd{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 2+} was elaborated. An increase in the uptake of the metal ions was observed as the grafting yield increased. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2012}
month = {Sep}
}