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Economic and industrial development. EID - EMPLOY. Final report. Task 1. Review of approaches for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment

Abstract

The objective of this study is to provide an overview of existing impact assessment studies that analyse employment impacts of renewable energy (RE) deployment and to show which methodological approaches are best suitable to assess employment effect in the field of RE- electricity. A first review shows a large variety of impact assessment studies in the field of energy deployment applying a rather broad array of methodological approaches. Bounding the studies to RE-electricity considerably reduces the number of studies, but not necessarily the number of approaches. Due to different approaches the questions answered by the impact assessment studies cover a wide range that captures e.g. limited impacts in the RE industry as well as overarching employment impacts in the overall economy. First, based on the research focus of the studies and their impacts (Figure 0-1), we classify the assessed studies on employment impacts into two groups: gross employment studies and net employment studies. They aim to answer different policy questions and capture different effects: - Gross employment studies focus on the economic relevance of the RE industry in terms of employment, thus on the number of jobs provided in the RE industry and the structural analysis of employment in the  More>>
Authors:
Breitschopf, Barbara; [1]  Nathani, Carsten; Resch, Gustav
  1. Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 2011
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; EVALUATION; POWER GENERATION; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; RESOURCE ASSESSMENT
OSTI ID:
22007277
Research Organizations:
Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany); Ruetter and Partner, Rueschlikon (Switzerland); Vienna Univ. (Austria). Energy Economics Group
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: DE12GC662
Availability:
Available from: http://www.eusew.eu/upload/events/3011_6377_review_report_eid_final2.pdf
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
107 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Dec 27, 2012

Citation Formats

Breitschopf, Barbara, Nathani, Carsten, and Resch, Gustav. Economic and industrial development. EID - EMPLOY. Final report. Task 1. Review of approaches for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment. Germany: N. p., 2011. Web.
Breitschopf, Barbara, Nathani, Carsten, & Resch, Gustav. Economic and industrial development. EID - EMPLOY. Final report. Task 1. Review of approaches for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment. Germany.
Breitschopf, Barbara, Nathani, Carsten, and Resch, Gustav. 2011. "Economic and industrial development. EID - EMPLOY. Final report. Task 1. Review of approaches for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment." Germany.
@misc{etde_22007277,
title = {Economic and industrial development. EID - EMPLOY. Final report. Task 1. Review of approaches for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment}
author = {Breitschopf, Barbara, Nathani, Carsten, and Resch, Gustav}
abstractNote = {The objective of this study is to provide an overview of existing impact assessment studies that analyse employment impacts of renewable energy (RE) deployment and to show which methodological approaches are best suitable to assess employment effect in the field of RE- electricity. A first review shows a large variety of impact assessment studies in the field of energy deployment applying a rather broad array of methodological approaches. Bounding the studies to RE-electricity considerably reduces the number of studies, but not necessarily the number of approaches. Due to different approaches the questions answered by the impact assessment studies cover a wide range that captures e.g. limited impacts in the RE industry as well as overarching employment impacts in the overall economy. First, based on the research focus of the studies and their impacts (Figure 0-1), we classify the assessed studies on employment impacts into two groups: gross employment studies and net employment studies. They aim to answer different policy questions and capture different effects: - Gross employment studies focus on the economic relevance of the RE industry in terms of employment, thus on the number of jobs provided in the RE industry and the structural analysis of employment in the RE industry. Furthermore employment in supplying industries are also included as indirect or induced impacts. The aim is to provide transparency on employment in an industry that is in the public interest but not adequately represented in official statistics, and, furthermore, enabling monitoring of this industry in the course of RE promotion. Gross studies take into account positive effects of RE deployment. - Net employment impact studies aim to assess the overall economic impact of promoting RE deployment, thus the change of the number of jobs in the total economy. For this, they take into account negative and positive effects of RE deployment on employment in all economic sectors and hence provide a full picture of the impacts of RE deployment on the total economy - covering all economic activities like production, service and consumption (industries, households). To get the number of additional jobs caused by RE deployment, they compare a situation without RE (baseline or counterfactual) to a situation under a strong RE deployment. In a second step, we characterize the studies inter alia by their scope, activities and impacts and show the relevant positive and negative effects that are included in gross or net impact assessment studies. The effects are briefly described in Table 0-1. While gross studies mainly include the positive effects listed here, net studies in general include positive and negative effects. Third, we distinguish between methodological approaches assessing impacts. We observe that the more effects are incorporated in the approach, the more data are needed, the more complex and demanding the methodological approach becomes and the more the impacts capture effects of and in the whole economy - representing net impacts. A simple approach requires a few data and allows answering simple questions concerning the impact on the RE-industry - representing gross impacts. We identify six main approaches, three for gross and three for net impacts. They are depicted in Figure 0-2. The methodological approaches are characterized by their effects captured, the complexity of model and additional data requirement (besides data on RE investments, capacities and generation) as well as by their depicted impacts reflecting the economic comprehensiveness. A detailed overview of the diverse studies in table form is given in the Annex to this report. Finally, we suggest to elaborate guidelines for the simple EF-approach, the gross IO-modelling and net IO-modelling approach. The first approach enables policy makers to do a quick assessment on gross effects, while the second is a more sophisticated approach for gross effects. The third approach builds on the gross IO modelling approach and provides a rough assessment of net impacts without detailed macroeconomic modelling. For the full economic assessment approach we suggest to briefly sketch the main relevant elements, but do not provide data, methods or calculations.}
place = {Germany}
year = {2011}
month = {Nov}
}