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International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). 2011 Progress Report. Enhancing Global Nuclear Energy Sustainability

Abstract

When INPRO was established in 2000, some key characteristics and main objectives for the project were determined and remain basically unchanged to this day: to help ensure that nuclear energy is available to contribute to satisfying energy needs in the 21st century in a sustainable manner and to bring together technology holders, technology users and other stakeholders to consider jointly the national and international actions required to achieve desired innovations in nuclear reactors and fuel cycles. I wish to use the occasion of this INPRO Progress Report to review some of the key highlights of the past year and share with you my views and vision of INPRO's future. The ''Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami'' and the resulting accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred on 11 March 2011. In response to this accident and at the request of its Member States, the IAEA drafted an Action Plan which defines a programme of work o strengthen the global nuclear safety framework. The activities proposed in the Action Plan are meant to be implemented in the near term, to assess the safety of operating nuclear power plants n the light of lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi accident.  More>>
Publication Date:
May 15, 2012
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
IAEA-INPRO-2011
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 28 figs.
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; DESIGN; DESIGN BASIS ACCIDENTS; EARTHQUAKES; EMERGENCY PLANS; ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION; FISSION PRODUCT RELEASE; FUEL CYCLE; IAEA; JAPAN; MECHANICAL TESTS; MEMBER STATES; MITIGATION; NUCLEAR POWER; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PROGRESS REPORT; REACTOR SAFETY; RECOMMENDATIONS; RISK ASSESSMENT; SAFETY CULTURE; SAFETY STANDARDS
OSTI ID:
22004992
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles, (INPRO), Department of Nuclear Energy, Division of Nuclear Power, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA12R0131095114
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/INPRO/publications/INPRO_Progress_Report_2011.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
60 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Dec 23, 2012

Citation Formats

None. International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). 2011 Progress Report. Enhancing Global Nuclear Energy Sustainability. IAEA: N. p., 2012. Web.
None. International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). 2011 Progress Report. Enhancing Global Nuclear Energy Sustainability. IAEA.
None. 2012. "International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). 2011 Progress Report. Enhancing Global Nuclear Energy Sustainability." IAEA.
@misc{etde_22004992,
title = {International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). 2011 Progress Report. Enhancing Global Nuclear Energy Sustainability}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {When INPRO was established in 2000, some key characteristics and main objectives for the project were determined and remain basically unchanged to this day: to help ensure that nuclear energy is available to contribute to satisfying energy needs in the 21st century in a sustainable manner and to bring together technology holders, technology users and other stakeholders to consider jointly the national and international actions required to achieve desired innovations in nuclear reactors and fuel cycles. I wish to use the occasion of this INPRO Progress Report to review some of the key highlights of the past year and share with you my views and vision of INPRO's future. The ''Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami'' and the resulting accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred on 11 March 2011. In response to this accident and at the request of its Member States, the IAEA drafted an Action Plan which defines a programme of work o strengthen the global nuclear safety framework. The activities proposed in the Action Plan are meant to be implemented in the near term, to assess the safety of operating nuclear power plants n the light of lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi accident. The assessment covers both technical elements, specifically the design of nuclear power plants with regard to site specific extreme natural hazards, and institutional elements, such as the effectiveness of regulatory bodies, operating organizations and the international legal framework in regard to the implementation of IAEA Safety tandards and Conventions. The lessons learned in the medium and long terms will also be reflected n a periodic update of the design requirements for nuclear power plants, international safety tandards, regulations issued by national supervisory authorities, operational procedures, emergency planning and safety assessment methodologies. INPRO has a long term perspective and provides an assessment of the whole nuclear system. Ensuring safety under normal and design basis accident conditions is a key requirement for the development of nuclear power. Severe accident prevention and mitigation measures received increased attention following the Fukushima accident. Parallel to the above mentioned development, the INPRO Methodology shall be updated in the areas of safety and infrastructure, taking into account new requirements and guidelines. The INPRO Methodology requires that a major release of radioactivity from a nuclear installation should be prevented for all practical purposes, so that in the case of an accident there is no need for evacuation measures outside the plant site. Although the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant did not reveal any new phenomena, some relevant areas have to be analysed in more depth. Following the 'stress tests' which were performed for operating power plants in many countries, INPRO's nuclear energy systems assessment for innovative nuclear installations will have to consider the combined effects of extreme external hazards, including the implications of having multiple nuclear units on one site with shared services. The accident also revealed the importance of the safety culture during all phases of a nuclear project. In that light, the INPRO Methodology in the area of infrastructure will be reviewed. For a newcomer country, it is also important to assess the levels of support or concerns about nuclear technology both within the country and in neighbouring countries. The development of new and innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles will be a key pillar in further strengthening the safe use of nuclear energy in the long term. Under INPRO, a new project will be developed to study the nuclear safety issues impacting innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles using the INPRO Methodology including consideration of combined multiple simultaneous natural and technical disasters and/or human error. The plan is to evaluate advanced nuclear energy systems and technologies that promise to be more robust and that are designed to meet the more stringent safety guidelines. Satisfying these evolving requirements is crucial for public acceptance and for the sustainability of nuclear energy. INPRO has successfully defined a specific niche for cross-cutting technology innovations, which has been recognized in statements at many forums, including G-8 Summits, General Conference resolutions and other international initiatives. I see the future of INPRO as supporting the growing interest in developing and expanding nuclear power expressed by many countries. INPRO is a dynamic project that is looking to the future and to providing support to all IAEA Member States in their long term nuclear power activities. As Project Manager of INPRO, I am pleased to present this progress report on INPRO activities in 2011, highlighting joint achievements by the IAEA Secretariat and INPRO Members. I invite you to support INPRO activities in the coming years and extend my best wishes to the INPRO community in its activities towards achieving a sustainable nuclear energy future.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2012}
month = {May}
}