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Nuclear power in eastern and central Europe. Background paper

Abstract

The breakup of the former Soviet Union and other political changes in eastern and central Europe have opened up the area to closer scrutiny than was previously possible. Because of the accident at Chernobyl, nuclear power is one of the subjects that western nations have had a great deal of interest in exploring. The former Soviet Union designed and/or helped build more than 60 civilian reactors in the region. Most of these reactors follow one of two distinctly different designs: the VVER, or pressurized water reactor series; and the RBMK, which is a graphite-moderated, multi-channel reactor (the so-called Chernobyl type). In addition, there are two fast-breeder reactors and four graphite-moderated boiling water reactors for combined heat and power in operation in Russia. These last two designs are not widely distributed and so are not discussed in detail in this report. As noted above, the safety of Soviet-designed reactors has been of great concern around the world since the catastrophic events at Chernobyl in 1986. This paper will briefly describe the technology involved. It will also examine the main safety concerns, both technical and organizational, associated with each reactor type. In addition, the paper will review the nuclear power programs in  More>>
Authors:
Myers, L C [1] 
  1. Library of Parliament, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Science and Technology Div.
Publication Date:
Nov 01, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
BP-357E
Reference Number:
SCA: 210200; 210300; PA: AIX-27:031983; EDB-96:071635; NTS-96:017414; SN: 96001578581
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: Also issued in French.; PBD: Nov 1993
Subject:
21 NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; PWR TYPE REACTORS; CHERNOBYLSK-1 REACTOR; DESIGN BASIS ACCIDENTS; EASTERN EUROPE; EUROPEAN UNION; FINANCING; HUMAN FACTORS; INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY; NUCLEAR POWER; USSR
OSTI ID:
217561
Research Organizations:
Library of Parliament, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Research Branch
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96620895; ISBN 0-660-15632-6; TRN: CA9600026031983
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE96620895
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
30 p.
Announcement Date:
May 07, 1996

Citation Formats

Myers, L C. Nuclear power in eastern and central Europe. Background paper. Canada: N. p., 1993. Web.
Myers, L C. Nuclear power in eastern and central Europe. Background paper. Canada.
Myers, L C. 1993. "Nuclear power in eastern and central Europe. Background paper." Canada.
@misc{etde_217561,
title = {Nuclear power in eastern and central Europe. Background paper}
author = {Myers, L C}
abstractNote = {The breakup of the former Soviet Union and other political changes in eastern and central Europe have opened up the area to closer scrutiny than was previously possible. Because of the accident at Chernobyl, nuclear power is one of the subjects that western nations have had a great deal of interest in exploring. The former Soviet Union designed and/or helped build more than 60 civilian reactors in the region. Most of these reactors follow one of two distinctly different designs: the VVER, or pressurized water reactor series; and the RBMK, which is a graphite-moderated, multi-channel reactor (the so-called Chernobyl type). In addition, there are two fast-breeder reactors and four graphite-moderated boiling water reactors for combined heat and power in operation in Russia. These last two designs are not widely distributed and so are not discussed in detail in this report. As noted above, the safety of Soviet-designed reactors has been of great concern around the world since the catastrophic events at Chernobyl in 1986. This paper will briefly describe the technology involved. It will also examine the main safety concerns, both technical and organizational, associated with each reactor type. In addition, the paper will review the nuclear power programs in the new countries emerging from the former Soviet Union and its satellites and discuss the international efforts underway to address the most pressing problems. (author). 1 tab.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1993}
month = {Nov}
}