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Nuclear materials management for safety and efficiency

Journal Article:

Abstract

The use of nuclear materials in industrial processes presents management with some special problems which are peculiar to the atomic energy industry. If reactor fuel costs are to be kept low, too, each fuel element must yield the maximum economic 'bum-up' before it is withdrawn from service, and this calls for reliable non-destructive methods of measurement of 'burn-up' and appropriate records and fuel-changing schedules. The special hazards of radioactive materials call for special precautions and appropriate systems of handling and storage. A further danger unique to atomic energy is that of criticality - the possibility that an excessive concentration of fissile material may result in a chain reaction. Every part of the processing plant must be surveyed and checked to ensure that there is no build-up of fissile residues; in storage or transit there must be no aggregation of small lots. In the nuclear energy industry, too, the standards of purity required are much higher than in most other large-scale operation, so that stringent quality checks are needed
Authors:
"NONE"
Publication Date:
Dec 15, 1965
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: IAEA Bulletin; Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 4
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; COST; CRITICALITY; EFFICIENCY; FISSILE MATERIALS; IMPURITIES; NUCLEAR ENERGY; NUCLEAR FUELS; NUCLEAR INDUSTRY; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; REACTOR FUELING; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; FISSIONABLE MATERIALS; FUELS; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; INDUSTRY; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; REACTOR MATERIALS
OSTI ID:
21512140
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-6067; IAEBAB; TRN: XA10K0777130919
Availability:
Available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull074/07402602325.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 23-25
Announcement Date:
Dec 10, 2011

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Nuclear materials management for safety and efficiency. IAEA: N. p., 1965. Web.
Nuclear materials management for safety and efficiency. IAEA.
1965. "Nuclear materials management for safety and efficiency." IAEA.
@misc{etde_21512140,
title = {Nuclear materials management for safety and efficiency}
abstractNote = {The use of nuclear materials in industrial processes presents management with some special problems which are peculiar to the atomic energy industry. If reactor fuel costs are to be kept low, too, each fuel element must yield the maximum economic 'bum-up' before it is withdrawn from service, and this calls for reliable non-destructive methods of measurement of 'burn-up' and appropriate records and fuel-changing schedules. The special hazards of radioactive materials call for special precautions and appropriate systems of handling and storage. A further danger unique to atomic energy is that of criticality - the possibility that an excessive concentration of fissile material may result in a chain reaction. Every part of the processing plant must be surveyed and checked to ensure that there is no build-up of fissile residues; in storage or transit there must be no aggregation of small lots. In the nuclear energy industry, too, the standards of purity required are much higher than in most other large-scale operation, so that stringent quality checks are needed}
journal = {IAEA Bulletin}
issue = {4}
volume = {7}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1965}
month = {Dec}
}