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Power programmes review: Nuclear power for India

Journal Article:

Abstract

India will require a substantial increase in the generation of electrical power to meet the demands of her developing economy. A survey of available resources has been made in the context of development envisaged under the country's five-year plans and it is felt that atomic energy will have to be used in increasing quantities to supplement conventional fuel resources in order to attain the anticipated power targets in the next two decades. It has, therefore, been decided that a small beginning will be made with the erection and commissioning of anatomic power station of 250 MW (electric) capacity by the end of 1964. The installation of a further 750 MW of nuclear power by the end of the third five-year plan period, i.e. by March 1966, is under consideration. Present Pattern and future demand of energy is discussed, as well as available resources and immediate needs. Concerning nuclear fuel cycle and cost estimates it is stated that India's uranium reserves are not large enough to sustain a very long-term programme of power generation, but the reserves for thorium are. Therefore India's nuclear power production will have to be based primarily on thorium with a rather complicated fuel cycles and first,  More>>
Publication Date:
Oct 15, 1959
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: IAEA Bulletin; Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 3
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; CANADA; CIRUS REACTOR; FERTILIZERS; FUEL ELEMENTS; GRAPHITE; HEAVY WATER PLANTS; INDIA; MONAZITES; NATURAL URANIUM; NUCLEAR ENERGY; NUCLEAR FUELS; NUCLEAR POWER; POWER REACTORS; RAW MATERIALS; THORIUM; THORIUM CYCLE; URANIUM ORES; URANIUM RESERVES; ACTINIDES; ASIA; CARBON; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; FUEL CYCLE; FUELS; HEAVY WATER MODERATED REACTORS; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; IRRADIATION REACTORS; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION REACTORS; ISOTOPE SEPARATION PLANTS; MATERIALS; METALS; MINERALS; NATURAL URANIUM REACTORS; NONMETALS; NORTH AMERICA; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ORES; PHOSPHATE MINERALS; POWER; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE MINERALS; REACTOR COMPONENTS; REACTOR MATERIALS; REACTORS; RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS; RESEARCH REACTORS; RESERVES; RESOURCES; TANK TYPE REACTORS; TEST FACILITIES; TEST REACTORS; THERMAL REACTORS; THORIUM MINERALS; TRAINING REACTORS; URANIUM; WATER COOLED REACTORS
OSTI ID:
21511942
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-6067; IAEBAB; TRN: XA10K0541130721
Availability:
Available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull013/01304701317.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 13-17
Announcement Date:
Dec 12, 2011

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

None. Power programmes review: Nuclear power for India. IAEA: N. p., 1959. Web.
None. Power programmes review: Nuclear power for India. IAEA.
None. 1959. "Power programmes review: Nuclear power for India." IAEA.
@misc{etde_21511942,
title = {Power programmes review: Nuclear power for India}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {India will require a substantial increase in the generation of electrical power to meet the demands of her developing economy. A survey of available resources has been made in the context of development envisaged under the country's five-year plans and it is felt that atomic energy will have to be used in increasing quantities to supplement conventional fuel resources in order to attain the anticipated power targets in the next two decades. It has, therefore, been decided that a small beginning will be made with the erection and commissioning of anatomic power station of 250 MW (electric) capacity by the end of 1964. The installation of a further 750 MW of nuclear power by the end of the third five-year plan period, i.e. by March 1966, is under consideration. Present Pattern and future demand of energy is discussed, as well as available resources and immediate needs. Concerning nuclear fuel cycle and cost estimates it is stated that India's uranium reserves are not large enough to sustain a very long-term programme of power generation, but the reserves for thorium are. Therefore India's nuclear power production will have to be based primarily on thorium with a rather complicated fuel cycles and first, second and third generation atomic power stations. The Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay is India's national centre for research in the peaceful uses of atomic energy. India's first reactor, Apsara, which is of the swimming pool type, has been in operation for more than three years now and two other research reactors are under construction. These are the Canada-India Reactor, which is being built under the Colombo Plan in collaboration with Canada, and Zerlina, which is being designed and built by Indian scientists and engineers. The Canada-India Reactor will be a versatile high flux research reactor and will have facilities in which various power reactor concepts can be tried out in the so-called loop experiments. In addition, it will produce considerable quantities of radioisotopes for use in agriculture, biology, industry and medicine. The third reactor, Zerlina, will be a zero energy reactor for lattice investigations in natural uranium fuelled, heavy water moderated systems. Studies and work have begun on the prototype of a natural uranium fuelled, heavy water moderated, organic cooled power reactor. A plant for the production of thorium from monazite sands has been working for a number of years, and a plant for the production of uranium metal of atomic purity has been in operation since the beginning of this year. A fuel element fabrication facility has been completed and prototype fuel elements for the research reactors have already been produced. Investigations on the setting up of a large mill for treating uranium ores in Bihar are under way. In the field of moderators, a heavy water plant with an annual capacity of over 14 tons is being built at Nangal, as part of large fertilizer complex. The possibility of producing heavy water at other fertilizer plants under construction in the country is also being considered. Besides, studies have been made for the production of nuclear graphite from indigenous raw materials, and a decision on a plant is likely to be taken soon}
journal = {IAEA Bulletin}
issue = {3}
volume = {1}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1959}
month = {Oct}
}