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Radiation research contracts: Distribution of fission products in the biosphere

Journal Article:

Abstract

Protection against ionizing radiation given off in nuclear transformations is one of the foremost safety problems in all atomic energy operations. While every effort is being made to prevent reactors, processing plants and all other installations from releasing radioactive materials into the biosphere - air, water and earth - under any foreseeable conditions, small amounts of it are actually released into man's living space. Undoubtedly, this will continue to be so, at least for the time being. For example, low activity liquid wastes from some chemical processing plants are decontaminated in special processes, but traces of fission products remain in the liquids finally discharged on the ground or to nearby waterways. In some installations low and medium activity liquid wastes are even released on the ground or into swamps without prior decontamination. It is also to be expected that in accidents larger amounts of fission products may occasionally be released. To make the routine release of small amounts of fission products safe and to be able to estimate the possible effect of larger releases in accidents, a considerable amount of information is required
Authors:
Schoenfeld, T [1] 
  1. Vienna University, First Chemical Institute, Vienna (Austria)
Publication Date:
Apr 15, 1959
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: IAEA Bulletin; Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 1
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; ACCIDENTS; AIR; BIOSPHERE; FISSION PRODUCTS; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LIQUID WASTES; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY; WATER; FLUIDS; GASES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ISOTOPES; MATERIALS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATIONS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SAFETY; WASTES
OSTI ID:
21511919
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-6067; IAEBAB; TRN: XA10K0518130698
Availability:
Available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull011/01105891011.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 10-11
Announcement Date:
Jan 14, 2012

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Schoenfeld, T. Radiation research contracts: Distribution of fission products in the biosphere. IAEA: N. p., 1959. Web.
Schoenfeld, T. Radiation research contracts: Distribution of fission products in the biosphere. IAEA.
Schoenfeld, T. 1959. "Radiation research contracts: Distribution of fission products in the biosphere." IAEA.
@misc{etde_21511919,
title = {Radiation research contracts: Distribution of fission products in the biosphere}
author = {Schoenfeld, T}
abstractNote = {Protection against ionizing radiation given off in nuclear transformations is one of the foremost safety problems in all atomic energy operations. While every effort is being made to prevent reactors, processing plants and all other installations from releasing radioactive materials into the biosphere - air, water and earth - under any foreseeable conditions, small amounts of it are actually released into man's living space. Undoubtedly, this will continue to be so, at least for the time being. For example, low activity liquid wastes from some chemical processing plants are decontaminated in special processes, but traces of fission products remain in the liquids finally discharged on the ground or to nearby waterways. In some installations low and medium activity liquid wastes are even released on the ground or into swamps without prior decontamination. It is also to be expected that in accidents larger amounts of fission products may occasionally be released. To make the routine release of small amounts of fission products safe and to be able to estimate the possible effect of larger releases in accidents, a considerable amount of information is required}
journal = {IAEA Bulletin}
issue = {1}
volume = {1}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1959}
month = {Apr}
}