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Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in children with ADHD

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects about 5% of school-aged child. Previous published works using different techniques of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have demonstrated that there may be some differences between the brain of people with and without this condition. This review aims at providing neurologists, pediatricians and psychiatrists an update on the differences between the brain of children with and without ADHD using advanced techniques of magnetic resonance imaging such as diffusion tensor imaging, brain volumetry and cortical thickness, spectroscopy and functional MRI. Data was obtained by a comprehensive, non-systematic review of medical literature. The regions with a greater number of abnormalities are splenium of the corpus callosum, cingulated gyrus, caudate nucleus, cerebellum, striatum, frontal and temporal cortices. The brain regions where abnormalities are observed in studies of diffusion tensor, volumetry, spectroscopy and cortical thickness are the same involved in neurobiological theories of ADHD coming from studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging. (author)
Authors:
Pastura, Giuseppe; [1]  Mattos, Paulo; [2]  Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro; [3]  Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Queiroz Campos [4] 
  1. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagao Gesteira. Dept. de Pediatria
  2. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagao Gesteira. Dept. de Psiquiatria
  3. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagao Gesteira. Dept. de Radiologia
  4. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagao Gesteira. Dept. de Neuropediatria
Publication Date:
Apr 15, 2011
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria; Journal Volume: 69; Journal Issue: 2a
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BRAIN; CEREBRAL CORTEX; CHILDREN; DIAGNOSIS; MENTAL DISORDERS; NMR IMAGING; SPECTROSCOPY; AGE GROUPS; ANIMALS; BODY; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; CEREBRUM; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; MAMMALS; MAN; NERVOUS SYSTEM; ORGANS; PRIMATES; VERTEBRATES
OSTI ID:
21500238
Country of Origin:
Brazil
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-282X; ANPIAM; TRN: BR1150417091580
Availability:
Available from http://www.scielo.br/pdf/anp/v69n2a/v69n2a20.pdf
Submitting Site:
BRN
Size:
page(s) 242-252
Announcement Date:
Nov 11, 2011

Citation Formats

Pastura, Giuseppe, Mattos, Paulo, Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro, and Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Queiroz Campos. Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in children with ADHD. Brazil: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200020.
Pastura, Giuseppe, Mattos, Paulo, Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro, & Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Queiroz Campos. Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in children with ADHD. Brazil. doi:10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200020.
Pastura, Giuseppe, Mattos, Paulo, Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro, and Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Queiroz Campos. 2011. "Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in children with ADHD." Brazil. doi:10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200020.
@misc{etde_21500238,
title = {Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in children with ADHD}
author = {Pastura, Giuseppe, Mattos, Paulo, Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro, and Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Queiroz Campos}
abstractNote = {Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects about 5% of school-aged child. Previous published works using different techniques of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have demonstrated that there may be some differences between the brain of people with and without this condition. This review aims at providing neurologists, pediatricians and psychiatrists an update on the differences between the brain of children with and without ADHD using advanced techniques of magnetic resonance imaging such as diffusion tensor imaging, brain volumetry and cortical thickness, spectroscopy and functional MRI. Data was obtained by a comprehensive, non-systematic review of medical literature. The regions with a greater number of abnormalities are splenium of the corpus callosum, cingulated gyrus, caudate nucleus, cerebellum, striatum, frontal and temporal cortices. The brain regions where abnormalities are observed in studies of diffusion tensor, volumetry, spectroscopy and cortical thickness are the same involved in neurobiological theories of ADHD coming from studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging. (author)}
doi = {10.1590/S0004-282X2011000200020}
journal = {Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria}
issue = {2a}
volume = {69}
place = {Brazil}
year = {2011}
month = {Apr}
}