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Study of uranium contamination of ground water in Punjab using X-ray fluorescence technique

Abstract

A number of reports have appeared in public media about uranium ingestion being a possible cause for cancer and increased birth rate abnormalities among children in the Malwa region of Punjab state in India. These reports link problems like cancer and Autism, with the presence of uranium in the ground waters of Malwa region. The concentration of uranium in drinking water from sources as varied as ground water, canal water supply and reverse osmosis system have been investigated using X-ray fluorescence technique. Samples from the thermal power plants in the regions and nearby ground waters were also analyzed to identify the source of contamination. The samples were collected with assistance of the officials from the Government of Punjab. More than half a litre of each of the water samples was dried at 60 deg-80 deg in an oven. Residue was collected using larger quantities of water samples in case of RO water samples. The elemental analysis of the residue was carried out using the Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer consisting of an {sup 42}Mo-anode X-ray tube (Panalytical, 2.5 kW) as an excitation source and a Si(Li) detector. A combination of selective absorbers of {sup 30}Zn, {sup 38}Sr, and {sup 39}Y  More>>
Authors:
Alrakabi, Muhanad; Singh, Gurjeet; Bhalla, Atul; Kumar, Sunil; Kumar, Sanjeev; Rai, Bimal; Singh, N; Shahi, J S; Mehta, D; [1]  Srivastava, Alok [2] 
  1. Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India)
  2. Department of Chemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2010
Product Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: NAC-4: 4. international symposium on nuclear analytical chemistry, Mumbai (India), 15-19 Nov 2010; Related Information: In: Fourth international symposium on nuclear analytical chemistry: book of abstracts, by Acharya, R. [Radiochemistry Div., Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)]; Reddy, A.V.R. [Analytical Chemistry Div., Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)]; Chatt, A. [SLOWPOKE-2 Facility, Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Novia Scotia (Canada)]; Venugopal, V. [Radiochemistry and Isotope Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)], 366 p. pages.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; GROUND WATER; HEALTH HAZARDS; NEOPLASMS; URANIUM; X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS; ACTINIDES; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; DISEASES; ELEMENTS; HAZARDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; METALS; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; WATER; X-RAY EMISSION ANALYSIS
OSTI ID:
21473956
Research Organizations:
Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Dept. of Atomic Energy, Mumbai (India)
Country of Origin:
India
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: IN1100676066954
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 134
Announcement Date:
Sep 09, 2011

Citation Formats

Alrakabi, Muhanad, Singh, Gurjeet, Bhalla, Atul, Kumar, Sunil, Kumar, Sanjeev, Rai, Bimal, Singh, N, Shahi, J S, Mehta, D, and Srivastava, Alok. Study of uranium contamination of ground water in Punjab using X-ray fluorescence technique. India: N. p., 2010. Web.
Alrakabi, Muhanad, Singh, Gurjeet, Bhalla, Atul, Kumar, Sunil, Kumar, Sanjeev, Rai, Bimal, Singh, N, Shahi, J S, Mehta, D, & Srivastava, Alok. Study of uranium contamination of ground water in Punjab using X-ray fluorescence technique. India.
Alrakabi, Muhanad, Singh, Gurjeet, Bhalla, Atul, Kumar, Sunil, Kumar, Sanjeev, Rai, Bimal, Singh, N, Shahi, J S, Mehta, D, and Srivastava, Alok. 2010. "Study of uranium contamination of ground water in Punjab using X-ray fluorescence technique." India.
@misc{etde_21473956,
title = {Study of uranium contamination of ground water in Punjab using X-ray fluorescence technique}
author = {Alrakabi, Muhanad, Singh, Gurjeet, Bhalla, Atul, Kumar, Sunil, Kumar, Sanjeev, Rai, Bimal, Singh, N, Shahi, J S, Mehta, D, and Srivastava, Alok}
abstractNote = {A number of reports have appeared in public media about uranium ingestion being a possible cause for cancer and increased birth rate abnormalities among children in the Malwa region of Punjab state in India. These reports link problems like cancer and Autism, with the presence of uranium in the ground waters of Malwa region. The concentration of uranium in drinking water from sources as varied as ground water, canal water supply and reverse osmosis system have been investigated using X-ray fluorescence technique. Samples from the thermal power plants in the regions and nearby ground waters were also analyzed to identify the source of contamination. The samples were collected with assistance of the officials from the Government of Punjab. More than half a litre of each of the water samples was dried at 60 deg-80 deg in an oven. Residue was collected using larger quantities of water samples in case of RO water samples. The elemental analysis of the residue was carried out using the Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer consisting of an {sup 42}Mo-anode X-ray tube (Panalytical, 2.5 kW) as an excitation source and a Si(Li) detector. A combination of selective absorbers of {sup 30}Zn, {sup 38}Sr, and {sup 39}Y was used in the incident beam for improving the detection limit for Uranium by reducing the background and removing the {sup 42}Mo K X-rays. The detection limit in ppb/litre depends upon the amount of residue}
place = {India}
year = {2010}
month = {Jul}
}