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A Usages of Herb Extracts by Stream Integrated with Micro-organism to Control Insect Pests and Phytophagus Mites by Biological Control

Abstract

A usages of herb extracts by stream integrated rith micro-organism to control insect pests and phytophagus mites by biological control was compared with insecticide to investigate the responses of chili tree and kieffer lime tree. Moreover, herb extracts were tested in controlling insect pests. Herb extracts were selected from many effective kinds such as: Azadirachta indica, Hyptis suaveolens, Citronella grass, Eucalyptus, Stemona, Galangal, Zingiber, cassumunar Roxb. Chronmolaena oderatum, Derris elyptica, Ginger, Annona seed, Malueraca sp., Andrographis paniculata, Veronia aquarrosa, Garlic, Thevetia peruviana, and Tobacco. The experiment was set at Herb Laboratory Ayutthaya Campus, Rajamangala University of Technology, Suvarnabhumi during August 2004 to June 2006. From testing herb extracts at 100 ppm. On Chili germination, the result was that the Chromolaena extracts made highest germination of 69.50%, Citronella grass at 500 ppm., made highest germination of chili seed at 86.00% within 12 days. Garlic extracts could kill 75.90% of aphids in 24 hrs., maximized in this experiments. Malueraca extracts at 500 ppm. Could kill 92.65% of chili aphids similar to the activity of insecticides action in 24 hrs. However at 5,000 ppm. It found that chemical treatment gave difference results from herbal treatments. Annona extracts could kill 64.58% of chili aphids  More>>
Authors:
Uraisakul, Kanok; [1]  Piadang, Nattaya [2] 
  1. Rajamangala University of Technology Suvarnabhumi Phranakhonsiayathaya, Hantra Campus, Phranakhonsiayathaya (Thailand)
  2. Office of Atoms for Peace, Bangkok (Thailand)
Publication Date:
Sep 15, 2006
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-TH-246
Resource Relation:
Conference: The Use of Radiation to Develop Organic Farming for Food Safety, Bangkok (Thailand), 28-29 Sep 2006; Other Information: This record refers to TH1000001
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOLOGY; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; HERBS; INSECTICIDES; INSECTS; MICROORGANISMS; MITES; PESTICIDES; PLANTS; ANIMALS; ARACHNIDS; ARTHROPODS; DATA; INFORMATION; INVERTEBRATES; NUMERICAL DATA
OSTI ID:
21396120
Country of Origin:
Thailand
Language:
Thai
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: TH1000031124850
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available from Office of Atoms for Peace, Bangkok (Thailand)
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
11 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Feb 04, 2011

Citation Formats

Uraisakul, Kanok, and Piadang, Nattaya. A Usages of Herb Extracts by Stream Integrated with Micro-organism to Control Insect Pests and Phytophagus Mites by Biological Control. Thailand: N. p., 2006. Web.
Uraisakul, Kanok, & Piadang, Nattaya. A Usages of Herb Extracts by Stream Integrated with Micro-organism to Control Insect Pests and Phytophagus Mites by Biological Control. Thailand.
Uraisakul, Kanok, and Piadang, Nattaya. 2006. "A Usages of Herb Extracts by Stream Integrated with Micro-organism to Control Insect Pests and Phytophagus Mites by Biological Control." Thailand.
@misc{etde_21396120,
title = {A Usages of Herb Extracts by Stream Integrated with Micro-organism to Control Insect Pests and Phytophagus Mites by Biological Control}
author = {Uraisakul, Kanok, and Piadang, Nattaya}
abstractNote = {A usages of herb extracts by stream integrated rith micro-organism to control insect pests and phytophagus mites by biological control was compared with insecticide to investigate the responses of chili tree and kieffer lime tree. Moreover, herb extracts were tested in controlling insect pests. Herb extracts were selected from many effective kinds such as: Azadirachta indica, Hyptis suaveolens, Citronella grass, Eucalyptus, Stemona, Galangal, Zingiber, cassumunar Roxb. Chronmolaena oderatum, Derris elyptica, Ginger, Annona seed, Malueraca sp., Andrographis paniculata, Veronia aquarrosa, Garlic, Thevetia peruviana, and Tobacco. The experiment was set at Herb Laboratory Ayutthaya Campus, Rajamangala University of Technology, Suvarnabhumi during August 2004 to June 2006. From testing herb extracts at 100 ppm. On Chili germination, the result was that the Chromolaena extracts made highest germination of 69.50%, Citronella grass at 500 ppm., made highest germination of chili seed at 86.00% within 12 days. Garlic extracts could kill 75.90% of aphids in 24 hrs., maximized in this experiments. Malueraca extracts at 500 ppm. Could kill 92.65% of chili aphids similar to the activity of insecticides action in 24 hrs. However at 5,000 ppm. It found that chemical treatment gave difference results from herbal treatments. Annona extracts could kill 64.58% of chili aphids better that others treatments. There are 18 treatment of time at 6 hrs. , 15 hrs., and 24 hrs., respectively. The results found that at 6 hrs., Kelthane could kill 93.75% of red spider mite. At 15 hrs. Stemona could kill 95.50% of red spider mite. At 24 hrs. Stemona or Chromolaena could kill 100% of red spider mite equally, Chrolaena could kill more than 83% of chili thrips at 24 hrs. Annona extracts could harvest the maximum of fruit fresh weight and numbers of fruits. After cutting leaves for producing new leaves, spraying herbal extracts was not different in statistic; however, Eucalyptus extracts, Neem plus Stemona, and Citronella grass extracts resulted that chili could produce new leaves in stread of damage leaves faster than others treatments. The components of yield of found that size of chili fruits, fresh weight, and dry weight are not significant. The Annona extracts at 100 ppm. could kill 100% of eggs and broad mite'larva, and 80% of adults in the laboratory condition. When spraying annona extracts on chili tree could reduce broad mite population, which compared by t-test, moreover, annona extracts could kill 93.90% of eryophyid mites, 50% of chili thrips, 80% of aphids. Annona extracts were not harmful to eggs and adults of predaceous mites and protected chili tree from mealy bug's eating. A testing of herbs extract in the farmer orchard used 5 methods from 4 formulas of herbs extract and one control. Four formulas of herbs extract, which were 1. neem plus stemona, 2 Derris, 3. Eucalyptus and 4. Chromolaena. Three plants of testing were Citrus tree, Pomelo tree, and Kieffer lime tree. The result in Citrus tree found that at 100 ppm. concentration, the growth of Treatment 1 and Treatment 2 were statistical different from Treatment 3, Treatment 4 and Control at level 0.05. The percentage of leaves damage of Treatment 1, 2, and 3 were less than Treatment 4 and Control significantly at 0.01. The testing of herbs extract effecting on growth and the percentage of leaves damage by leaf miner in Pomelo tree and Kieffer lime tree were not statistically significant. The results of experiments from 2005 to 2006 were transferred to the community at Wichien Klinsukhon-Upatam School, Amphoe Wangnoi, Ayutthaya in 18 {sup th} August 2006.}
place = {Thailand}
year = {2006}
month = {Sep}
}