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History of heat pumps - Swiss contributions and international milestones

Abstract

Compared to conventional boilers, heating by heat pumps cuts down fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions to about 50%. Compared to electric resistance heating, the energy consumption is even reduced up to 80%. Therefore, the impressive market penetration growth of heat pumps will continue. Swiss pioneers were the first to realize functioning vapour recompression plants. The first European heat pumps were realized in Switzerland. To date it remains one of the heat pump champions. Swiss pioneering work in the development of borehole heat exchangers, sewage heat recovery, oil free piston compressors and turbo compressors is well known. The biggest heat pump ever built comes from Switzerland. Although there is a fairly comprehensive natural gas distribution grid, 75% of the new single-family homes built in Switzerland are currently heated by heat pumps. This paper presents some of the highlights of this success story focusing on Swiss developments and relating them to the international milestones. In order to indicate the direction in which the future development might go to, some recent Swiss research projects are presented as well. (author)
Authors:
Publication Date:
May 15, 2008
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SFOE-280054_e
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Available also in German at http://www.bfe.admin.ch/dokumentation/energieforschung/index.html?lang=en under SFOE number 280054
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; HEAT PUMPS; SWITZERLAND; SPACE HEATING; MARKET; COORDINATED RESEARCH PROGRAMS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; TECHNOLOGY IMPACTS; TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION; APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY; GAS COMPRESSORS; VAPOR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION CYCLE; HEAT SOURCES; GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; HEAT EXCHANGERS; UNDERGROUND; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; BOREHOLES; SEWAGE
Sponsoring Organizations:
Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne (Switzerland)
OSTI ID:
21381633
Research Organizations:
Process and Energy Engineering, Oberburg (Switzerland)
Country of Origin:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: CH09E1169
Availability:
Commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE21381633
Submitting Site:
CH
Size:
114 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 22, 2010

Citation Formats

Zogg, M. History of heat pumps - Swiss contributions and international milestones. Switzerland: N. p., 2008. Web.
Zogg, M. History of heat pumps - Swiss contributions and international milestones. Switzerland.
Zogg, M. 2008. "History of heat pumps - Swiss contributions and international milestones." Switzerland.
@misc{etde_21381633,
title = {History of heat pumps - Swiss contributions and international milestones}
author = {Zogg, M}
abstractNote = {Compared to conventional boilers, heating by heat pumps cuts down fuel consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions to about 50%. Compared to electric resistance heating, the energy consumption is even reduced up to 80%. Therefore, the impressive market penetration growth of heat pumps will continue. Swiss pioneers were the first to realize functioning vapour recompression plants. The first European heat pumps were realized in Switzerland. To date it remains one of the heat pump champions. Swiss pioneering work in the development of borehole heat exchangers, sewage heat recovery, oil free piston compressors and turbo compressors is well known. The biggest heat pump ever built comes from Switzerland. Although there is a fairly comprehensive natural gas distribution grid, 75% of the new single-family homes built in Switzerland are currently heated by heat pumps. This paper presents some of the highlights of this success story focusing on Swiss developments and relating them to the international milestones. In order to indicate the direction in which the future development might go to, some recent Swiss research projects are presented as well. (author)}
place = {Switzerland}
year = {2008}
month = {May}
}